Tallinn old CityOld Town of Tallinn
Old Town of Tallinn
People from all over the globe come to see the beauties of Tallinn, the best conserved mediaeval city in Northern Europe with its Gothic towers, narrow lanes and charming architectural style. Tallinn's old town, once home to affluent traders from Germany, Denmark and other countries, is now appreciated by local residents and tourists in equal measure, with a variety of places to eat, drink, visit and visit - all of which breathe fresh air into the historic city center.
In contrast to many other European capitals, Tallinn has succeeded in maintaining its mediaeval and Hanseian structures in their entirety. Because of its unusually sound city map from the thirteenth to the eighteenth centuries, the old town was included on the UNESCO list of UNESCO cultural heritage sites in 1997, making it one of the most important sights in the whole canal.
You will find here some of the pristine cobblestones, with mediaeval cathedrals and magnificent merchants' residences, barn and storehouses, many of which date back to the Middle Ages. You will quickly discover why so many people have described the old town of Tallinn as mystic, fascinating and intoxicating.
11/activities in the Old Town of Tallinn, Estonia
That was Tallinn for us on our Scandinavia quest a few week ago. It is the capitol of Estonia, a Baltic Sea nation with a captivating past and links to Sweden, Denmark and Russia. Tallinn's or Vanalinn's old town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
At that time, Tallinn or Reval originated in the thirteenth cent. where it was an important actor in the Hanseatic state. Toompea is the old part of the city. In the lower part of the city were the church and the inhabitants and traders.
It was and is the administration centre of the land where the fortress and the church were situated. To Tallinn, it almost seemed as if it had been deleted from a fairy tale album. Colourful gable dwellings and mediaeval edifices line the cobblestone paved roads with watchtowers along the closed city ramparts. Despite its past, which was continually invaded and taken over by neighbouring lands, this mediaeval city has been very well maintained.
There are some things to do in the old city of Tallinn. This was the centre of the lower city in the thirteenth and fourteenth century. It is difficult to miss the huge Raekoda Townhall, which has ruled this place since its construction in 1404. It is the "oldest preserved townhall " in Scandinavia and the Baltics.
Now the city council uses them for gigs and also acts as a local heritage centre. Don't miss the Tallinn Medieval style showcasing the separation between the lower and higher town. But now behind its gates is a little old building that shows the wealth yardage of Estonia from prehistory to the end of the nineties.
The" Spirit of Survival: 11,000 years of Estonian history" was a very interesting exhibition. This was a great place to find out some important things about Estonian historical and cultural life in a non-script-like way. It should be one of the first stations to get to know the sights of the entire old city.
There''s no lack of nice little church in the old city. Of course, I like to visit some of the major cities in Europe. St. Olav's Church was the first we saw along Pikk Road, Tallinn's historical highroad. It has a high spire protruding from the Tallinn old quarter of the city.
Perhaps the most frequently taken and attended is the St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Toompea. With its bulbous cupolas it had an astonishing appearance and was totally different from the other cathedrals in the city with its Russians look. The Toompea Castle was constructed in the eighteenth and was the seat of the Estonian parliament or Riigikogu.
Estonia has dominated one or the other of these countries for most of its entirety. They had a gate next to the entry to the Townhall. It promoted moose minestrone. I had many places to eat around the square, but I suggest running away and looking for calmer ones. Once a fortress, Tallinn's city walls had over 40 fortresses.
A number of towered areas around the city are open to the public to allow the visitor to admire the city. The children always have fun climbin', even when they are complaining about the pain of their legs while cycling. Some of the spires can be climbed here: We were welcomed by the large and round Fat Margaret Tower when we walked into the fortified city.
We were free to ascend the lighthouse to have a look at the city and the harbour. The St. Olav's Church is the highest steeple in the Old City. There are some astonishing vistas from the Marienkirche's belltower. On the 115 helical stairs of the city hall towers you had a great view of all the activity on the main area.
The high Hermann keep was situated next to the rose Toompea palace and got its name as the highest keep of the fortifications. The open air gardens between Toompea and the lower city are not very large, but the home of what is considered the birth place of the Dansk flagg. This was a beautiful place of relaxation, surrounded by two fortified fortresses and a mediaeval fortifications.
There is a cafe in one of the tower. There is a path that connects the two fortresses. There are two observation decks on the Toompea hillside that you should not miss. Patkuli lookout is a great place to see the beauties of the lower city. The lower part of the old city really looks like a fairy-tale settlement from up here.
Kohtuotsa Viewpoint shows a little more of Tallinn's fashionable area with the marina and the ocean. Both of these areas were deserving of an ascent to get the best view and photos of the old town of Tallinn. Tallinn's best way to discover the old town is to stroll through the historical paved roads and pretty and colourful outbuildings.
Departing from Fat Margaret Towers, the route leads through the lower city to the uptown and finally ends at Viru Gate. In Tallinn our favourite trip had to go to the secret tunnel or bastion passages under the old city. We began our trip in the basement of the "Kiek in de Kök" round turret at the Royal Garden of Denmark.
We' ve gone to the lighthouse and registered for the next available one. There was a brief introductory film about Tallinn's story and these passages. This was a very interesting stroll through times and histories. So who knows what is under Tallinn.
Things may not look that way, but the old town is actually quite big. Before we even got to the city wall at Fat Margaret Tower, my children loved to walk through the gardens. It also had a small garden next to the castle of Toompea. Take a card and you will see that the old town is indeed encircled by many parks.
It was our real wish that we had more free travel to Tallinn or even the opportunity to do the city sightseeing itinerary. So much more to do and see beyond the old city. However, if there is not much spare moment, we suggest a visit to the old part of the city because of its historical, cultural and architectural heritage.
It is a favourite cruising harbour on a Baltic Sea route. The Tallink boat trip from Helsinki, Finland took two hours. Visit the Tallink Silja website for reservations and pricing information. The Tallinn Card. There were free entry to over 40 museum and attraction sites, free travel on local transport, a free city sightseeing trip and even discount on food and drinks.
Visits the information centre near the town hall square. The Tallinn Tourist Office provided my whole household with 24-hour Tallinn tickets. Did you come to Tallinn or are there other things we might have been missing in the old town of Tallinn?