Taj Mahalthe Taj Mahal
the Taj Mahal
A huge tomb made of pure marmor, erected in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of the mogul king Shah Jahan in remembrance of his beloved woman, the Taj Mahal is the gem of Islamic arts in India and one of the generally adored works of masterpiece of world heritages. A huge tomb of pure marmor, erected between 1631 and 1648 in Agra on behalf of the mogul king Shah Jahan to preserve the memories of his beloved woman, the Taj Mahal, the most perfect gem of Islamic arts in India, is one of the world's most revered works of masterpiece of world heritages.
This magnificent white marble mausoleum was built between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan to preserve the memory of his favorite wife, the most precious jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the most admired masterpieces of humanitance.
This huge white marble tomb was built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of Emperor Shah Jahan of Mogol in memory of his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is considered the greatest architectural work of Indo-Islamic culture. Taj Mahal is situated on the right shore of the Yamuna River in a huge mogul orchard covering almost 17 ha, in the Agra District in Uttar Pradesh.
Constructed by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan in commemoration of his widow Mumtaz Mahal, it began in 1632 A.D. and was finished in 1648 A.D., with the Mosque, the Guesthouse and the Gate to the South, the forecourt and its cloister, which were later added and finished in 1653 A.D.
There are several historic and quarantine epigraphs in Arabian writing, which made it easier to establish the timeline of the Taj Mahal. Ustad Ahmad Lahori was the chief designer of the Taj Mahal. Taj Mahal is regarded as the greatest architectonic accomplishment in the entire spectrum of Indo-Islamic arquitecture. Taj Mahal's unique feature is in some truly noteworthy innovation from the horticultural designers and designers of Shah Jahan.
This ingenious design is the placement of the grave at one end of the four-part gardens and not exactly in the middle, which gives the remote sight of the memorial a wealth of detail and perspectives. This is also one of the best specimens of the diversity of elevated graves. It is elevated on a quadratic plate with the four sides of the minaret's four-sided octagon pedestal beyond the space at the vertex.
Taj Mahal's layout is in equilibrium, the central eight-sided burial room is surrounded by the porticoes and four vertico. On the outside of the grave is quadratic, with bevelled edges. With its large two-storey dome room, which accommodates the Zenotaphs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, it is a true masterpiece.
Mumtaz Mahal's zenotaph is perfectly centered in the burial vault, which stands on a square plate with floral inlays. Shah Jahan's zenotaph is larger than Mumtaz Mahal and was placed more than thirty years later on the western side of the latter.
Top zenotaphs are only illusive and the actual burials are in the lower burial vault (crypt), a praxis used in the royal mogul cemeteries. Most imposing in the Taj Mahal building next to the grave is the majestic entrance door in the middle of the south face of the atrium.
On the northern side, the door is bordered by dual arcades. Taj Mahal is a perfectly symmetrically designed structure with a focus on bilaterally symmetric structures along a center line on which the key characteristics are arranged. In the Taj Mahal compound, the mausoleum and the guesthouse are constructed of reddish stone, as opposed to the middle grave of marmor.
Both, the Moschee and the Guesthouse are the same. The Taj Mahal stands for the highest level of architectonic and artistical performance through a whole series of Indo-Islamic tombs with impeccable harmonic and outstanding handicrafts. Tribute is paid to the safety of the grave, medieval church, guesthouse, main entrance and the entire Taj Mahal area.
Tissue is in good shape and structure strength, type of foundations, minaret verticalism and other architectural features of the Taj Mahal have been investigated and will be further monitor. Furthermore, the further developments of the tourism industry must guarantee that the functionality and appearance of the building are preserved, especially in relation to Fort Agra.
Grave, the mosque, the guesthouse, the main entrance and the entire Taj Mahal building have retained the original condition at the moment of being inscribed. Taj Mahal is administered by the Archaeological Survey of India and the juridical safeguarding of the heritage and supervision of the controlled area around the heritage is provided by the various statutory and regulative framework that has been adopted, such as the Ancient Monument and Archaeological Sites and remains Act 1958 and Rules 1959 Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Collections (Amendment and Validation); this is sufficient for the overall governance of the heritage and the storage areas.
A surface area of 10,400 square kilometres around the Taj Mahal is designated to prevent contamination of the mausoleum. There are 40 World Heritage Sites, among them Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. Funds provided by the Confederation are sufficient for the overall protection, restoration and restoration of the site to monitor activity on the site under the supervision of the Superintendent Archaeologist of the Agra district.