sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
"Southern Taiwan" As Taiwan's oldest city, Tainan was originally founded by the Netherlands East India Company (VOC) as a dominion and trade centre named Fort Zeelandia during the time of Netherlands domination on the Isle. In 1661, after the defeat of the Netherlands settlers by Koxinga, Tainan stayed the Tungning Kingdom's capitol until 1683 and then the Taiwan Prefecture's capitol under the Qing Dynasty until 1887, when the new province capitol was transferred to Taipei.
Traditionally, Tainan has been considered one of Taiwan's oldest towns, and its former name, Tayouan, has been referred to as the source of the name "Taiwan". It is home to Taiwan's first Confucian educational complex, erected in 1665, the remnants of the east and south doors of the old town, and numerous other historic sites.
The Tainan temple occupies more buddhistic and taoistic sites than any other town in Taiwan. Archeological digs in the municipality of Zuozhen indicate that the Tainan area has been populated for at least 20,000 to 31,000 years. Then the Sakam folk of the subclass Sinkan inhabited the area of today's town. There was tension between the Netherlands and the Taiwanese Chineses over high Netherlands taxes and the involvement of the Netherlands in the looting during the fall of the Ming family.
Koxinga assaulted the Netherlands colonialists in Taiwan in 1661. Following a nine-month besiege, the governor of Taiwan, Frederik Coyett, handed over Fort Zeelandia to Koxinga on 1 February 1662. Thus 38 years of Netherlands domination over Taiwan were ended effective. Then Koxinga dedicated himself to the transformation of Taiwan into a martial arts center for loyaltyists who wanted to re-establish the Ming Dynasty.
It was Koxinga's intention to make Taiwan a basis for the Mingloyalism. Today many outskirts around Tainan City call "Ying", "Jia" and "Tian", which all originate from this incident. Its Prime Minster Chen Yonghua (zh) established the China Bureaucracy, constructed the first Confucius-temple on the island and implemented the technique of extraction of salt deposits in the coast areas.
British were asked to establish a commercial base in Anping to pursue business between Taiwan, Japan and South East Asia. As a result, the area has been preserved as a commercial centre. 13 ] The Taiwan Préfecture was founded, with its Taiwan-fu Préfecture headquarters in today's Tainan. West businessmen constructed commercial stations near the remnants of Fort Zeelandia.
Tainan, known as Taiwan-fu, after over 200 years of evolution had become Taiwan's biggest town and a China influential town. In the following, the town is described by the Scots missionsary William Campbell when he first arrived on the Isle in 1871: The Qing administration began to transform the Qing into Taiwan in 1885.
Taiwan-fu ", the main city of the islands, was relocated to Toatun (modern Taichung), and therefore the old Taiwan-fu was changed into the name it carries today - Tainan(-fu), the headquarters of Tainan Prefecture. It was the Japanese who smashed the riot. Over 800 prisoners were condemned to die in Tainan. At the place where the revolt began, the Xilai Temple in Tainan (?????), was torn down.
10 ] The incident was a turning point in Japan's politics, from enforced peace to Taiwan's modernization, reintegration into the kingdom, and even more. After the Second World War, the Republic of China (ROC) took over Taiwan on 25 October 1945. Both Tainan City and Tainan County were founded and became independent units under Taiwan Province in 1946.
During the incident of 28 February 1947 there was internal disturbance in Tainan. Mr. Tang De-Jhang, a native of Japan and a trained attorney in Japan, was a member of the 28 February Incident Commission and a favorite municipal nominee, was charged with being a separate and detained by the ROC military on March 11.
The next morning he was persecuted in the Tainan town hall gardens (now Tang De-jhang Memorial Park). As with other Taiwanese areas, many Tainan residents were suffering from their actual or perceptible resistance to the Kuomintang (KMT, Chinese Nationalist Party) during the auto-cratic age.
In 1950 the first council and mayor election was called. Tainan was taken over in the 1960' by the redesign of the Kaohsiung harbour as an industrial centre in Taiwan's southwest. As Tainan Downtown fought through the second half of the 20th century, the shire, especially the RSA, profited from nationally prioritized programs of socialization.
Following the construction of National Highway No. 1, many industry estates and other roads were built. Consequently, the inner part of the town expanded to the north, east and then to the Yongkang and Rende wards. Consequently, the Zhongzheng Rd neighbourhood, formerly the most favoured Tainan retail area since Japan, declined due to environmental degradation.
In the mid-90s, there was a heightened consciousness of the need to preserve the historic and intercultural wealth of Tainan. Ever since, the Tainan administration and civilian society have worked to preserve Tainan's legacy. Protecting its past while revitalizing its old shopping centre is a constant theme for Tainan. After the founding of the Southern Taiwan Science Park in 1995, the outskirts of Taiwan experienced rapidly increasing populations in the 2000s.
As a result of the conclusion of several large traffic infrastructural projects, the town became more affluent. In the mid-90s the centre of the town moved to the east, nearer the heavily settled Yongkang, East and North quarters. A number of rehabilitation schemes are in place to turn these neighbourhoods into the city's new commercial centres. Tainan and Tainan Municipalities fused to form Tainan Sondergemeinde on 25 December 2010.
Taiwan Tainan claim its name as one of Taiwan's Capital of Culture for its rich historical monuments and civic life. Daoist tempels, buddhistic tempels and cathedrals line the town. Most of them are among the oldest in Taiwan. It also has its own distinctive tradition and cuisine, which has been evolved from the borders of China throughout its long historical past.
Life of the Tainan inhabitants is strongly connected with many Chines god and Temple. Tainan has a great religious festival for all 16-year-olds on the 7th of the 7th moon which is the birth of the deity. In the past, this extensive party was one of a kind for Tainan: In the past, a family with a child working in the harbour used this occasion to show the employer that their child should be remunerated at an adults' price after that time.
The Kaiyuen-Tempel, formerly the kingly garden of the Tungninger kingdom, became a buddhistic Temple in 1690. The Zhuxi Museum, established in the time of the Tungning Kingdom. The Fahua Museum, established in the time of the Tungning Kingdom. The Mituo Tempé, established in the time of the Tungning Kingdom. The Longshan Monastery, established in the Qing Dynasty. The Chongqing Monastery, established in the Qing Dynasty.
The Huangbo Dynasty, established in the Qing Dynasty, but destroyed by the Japanese. These worshipped sculptures were brought to the altar of the heavenly sanctuary. The Grand Matsu Temple (????), in honour of the Mazu, the deity of the seas. The official sanctuary of the god of war, Wumiao Sedian (????), constructed in 1665. The Dongyue Dian (???), the god of hell's sanctuary, was constructed in 1673.
The Fuchenghuang Miao (????), the City God Prefecture Tempel, was erected in 1669. Longang Miao (???), the sanctuary of the Baltic dragon god, dates from 1716, but was destroyed by the Japanese. The Yaowang Miao (???), the Medicine of God temple, 1685. In the Qing Dynasty, Shuixian Gong (???), the water god's sanctuary, was build after Go-tiau-kang was made.
Many other well-known churches and sanctuaries are not on this page, such as the Anping District's Tianhou temple (allegedly the oldest in Taiwan itself), the Altar of Heaven temple (??), and the rebuilt Xilai church (???), etc. These are all the centres of Tainan religious life. In addition to its rich lifestyle, Tainan is home to several musea and park.
Situated in the former townhall is the National Museum of Taiwanese Literature, in the Annan County is the National Museum of Taiwanese Heritage, in the Rende County is the Chimei Museum, the Taijiang National Park follows the coastline, the Adapting Historic Scenic Park encompasses the whole of the old Adapting Village and the northern station of the Adapting Harbour, and the Siraya National Scenic Area encompasses the Wusanto Reservoir established by Yoichi Hatta.
Many historical relics from Zheng's reign, the Qing period and the Japan Settlement are still standing in the centre of the town, among them the Confucius Museum, two large gateways and the former Town Council. It has a palpable historical heritage and is the scene of several of the most dramatic devotional celebrations. Besides the series of fortresses, the first Taiwanese capitol has about 300 antique shrines, from the first Confucian sanctuary of the islands to the first Daoist one.
Confucian Taiwanese Temple (or Scientific Temple) was constructed in 1665 by Cheng Ching, Koxinga's Son, to lecture and educate people. This was the first educational institution for kids when Taiwan was governed by the Qing Dynasty. Therefore, it is also referred to as the First Academy of Taiwan.
It is a favourite touristic destination and conserves old konfuzian ceremony which are held on a regular basis. Situated in the Annan District is the National Museums of Taiwan and Taiwan Heritage. As part of its multiethnic, plurilingual approach, the National Museums of Taiwan Literature research es, catalogues, conserves and displays literature artefacts from the region. Situated in the former Tainan City Hall, built in 1916, the Tainan City Hall is known for its historic importance.
National Cheng Kung University Museum is situated at National Cheng Kung University. This is one of the youngest Tainan museum. Shows important items from the story of educational development in the south of Taiwan. The Fort Provintia was constructed in 1653 by the Dutch during the colonisation of Taiwan and finally handed over to Koxinga.
Since Tainan is one of the major urban regions of Taiwan, there are many large retailers, commercial centres and renowned shops. Some of the most popular luxurious labels have branch offices or bars in Tainan. One of the most popular and often regarded as the biggest Taiwan Arabian Nightspot, it is open to businessmen three nights a week Thursday, Saturday and Sunday.
The Tainan has a savannah climatic (Köppen climatic class Cwa). Throughout the year, the town is characterised by high levels of air moisture and temperature (although temperature drops slightly in the winters ), with a wet period (April to September) and a wet period (October to March). Because of the traditional Tibetan culture, in which different professions and different areas venerate different taoistic deities, the ancient capital later evolved into a district with its own central Temple.
Now, after 300 years of China's immigration, the town has become a shop window for both Taoist and Sino- Buddhist churches. Even though the town has changed drastically since the end of the nineteenth centuries, the temporary buildings have been preserved because of their importance for the people. A Tungning Kingdom administration palace became the Tempest of the Seagoddess, and the place where the Tungning Kingdom held annually prayers to heaven is now the altar of the Celestial Temple.
One of two fortifications in Tainan in the Netherlands, Castle Provintia now has a maritime worship sanctuary and a literary worship sanctuary erected on it, which create an East-West merger structure. Tainan's townscape was created as part of the Japan Kolonial government's rebuilding work. Downtown received a baroque style similar to the Parisian renovations of the mid-19th centuries, the map linked large amenities across a system of broad roads and five squared spinning tops.
Of the five places, Taish? Park (????, the contemporary Tang De-jhang Memorial Park) in the centre is the most important. There is a town hall, a fire department and a meteorological office around the place. Located near the policestation and the courthouse, this area showed the strength of the Colombian authorities within the town.
It was situated in Shirokanech? (???) and ?miyach? (???) between Taish? amark and Anping Canal along Ginzad?ri (????), the contemporary Zhongzheng Rd. It was the liveliest road of the town from the Japanese-ruled period until the mid-90s. In this part of the town there are many historical colonial baroque houses from Japan.
Three-strap system was adopted by the province town official: the verdant Boulevardring, the purple Gürtel Ping Canal, and the Zhonghua Street System. Zhonghua's verdant ring of boulevards and street system first emerged in 1937 on the town renewal map suggested by the Japan Kolonialregierung. Grüner boulevard was a typical answer to the early 20 st centuries trends of the gardens.
This system links Shuipingwen Gardens to the west, Tainan Gardens to the north, NCKU to the East and Athletic Parks to the south. The Zhonghua Rd system is an artherial street system that now links important new developing areas around the old town centre. Fifth Sanitation Area Rehabilitation Program completed the alluvial plain of the ancient Taijiangaguna and expanded the Japan Anping Channel into the Kunshenaguna, an man-made islet also known as New Anping.
Contrary to the low situated old town many skyscrapers are constructed along these three circles. Outside the town centre, the town of Tainan can be split into two parts: the River South and the River North regions, bordered by the Zengwen River. It is one of the most important farming centres in Taiwan.
Some of them are as old as the town of Tainan. Formerly the headquarters of the Tainan County Government, Xinying now acts as the administrative centre for the area. In Yujing, a local centre for the undulating areas of the eastern part of the town, it is renowned for its mengo and was the site of the Tapani event.
The Jiali is the centre of the Tainan Coast. Madou, near the banks of the Zengwen, is the centre of the lower plains, which bear the name of the city. City of Tainan is a specialized community that is the highest tier of top executive authority according to the law of the Chinese State.
It is run by the chosen burgomaster and monitored by the municipal councillor. You are the former provincial Tainan municipal or Tainan district governor. Administrative centres manage city-wide issues and development such as training and urbanism. It was generally seen as a power base for the Democratic Progressive Party, especially in national election.
The Kuomintang (KMT) had more and more members in the Tainan province prior to the fusion and KMT won the 2008 president's general election by a small majority. The Democratic Progressive Party, on the other side, has always prevailed over the former Tainan Shire. The DPP prevailed over the city's demography in the first local government vote after the fusion.
Most of the city's inhabitants have cast their votes for the victorious candidate in many Presidential ballots since the first referendum in 1996. As in any other Chinese township and province, with the sole exceptions of Nantou, a large number of Tainan inhabitants agreed to the later winners, Lee Teng-hui and Vice-President Lien Chan.
Source: "Population by cities and countries in Taiwan". Tainan demographic chart. There are 37 counties in Tainan, the second most after Kaohsiung Town. The Annan District was initially the An-Shun community of Tainan County, but was amalgamated with Tainan City in 1946. Taiya (Taiwan Salt) Co. and Taiwan Sugar Corp.
both based in Tainan, turned into companies in the biotech, high value agricultural, retailing and hospitality sectors. Taiwan's first capitol, the rich natural resources of Taiwan's rich culture inheritance and its potentials are currently being explored. During the first half of 2013 there were over 7 million touristic attraction in the town.
There are high-end hostels in the town, among them the Shangri-la Hotel near the Tainan railway terminal. The retail trade and service sectors are the biggest job creation sectors in Tainan, accounting for 52% in 2010. There are five downtown departments, two of which are Shin Kong-Mitsukoshi, two FE21 and Focus Squares. In addition to the town centre, there are commercial streets around the town, with the highest concentration in the East, North and Yongkang area.
Dream Mall' is a common developing venture between Uni-President Corp. and Tainan Spinning Ltd. At its opening on 12 February 2015, it was the city's biggest mall and will house Tainan Spinning's new head office and a new five-startel. It is located in East Tainan Designate, the second CBD near the East and Yongkang District borders.
The Tainan station is an important station of the Taiwan Railways Administration (TRA) West Line with point-to-point services to Taipei, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Hsinchu and Keelung. The Taiwan High Speed Rail Tainan railway station is just outside the centre of the town, in the Gueiren area. You can reach the downtown area via the TRA Shalun Line and two THSR shuttle bus lines.
The initial Tainan MRT system design is dampened by building costs and inadequate passenger numbers. The National University of Tainan (??????) In 1988 it was the Institute for in-service teacher training, and in 1991 it was funded and re-named the National Tainan Teachers College. It was founded in 2004 as the National University of Tainan.
TNNUA is designed to help educate gifted people for a career in fine and dramatic fine artists, audio and visual artists, architects, conservators, historians and critics. Universities attach great importance to personal attentiveness and self-responsible work organisation. The Chang Jung Christian Union is a privately owned college attached to the Presbyterian Church in Taiwan.
Offering Master and Doctorate courses, Commonwealth of Independent States (CJU) is dedicated to promoting brotherhood, equity and services to Taiwan. It'?s just South of the town, in Gueiren. The Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology (??????), established in 1969, is situated near the northeast boundary of Tainan Capital Center, only 30 minutes drive from Tainan Airport.
Tainan Technology Univeristy (????????) is a privately owned institution established in 1964. Postgraduate studies are offered in the fields of classical and fine arts as well as in the fields of musical education and the arts. Among others, some celebrities who were in Tainan by birth, education, reputation or other connection with the town are: - the Tainaners: the Tainaners: United Kingdom resident Robert Swinhoe (1836-1877), first UK Consul sent to Tainan in 1861; ethnologist, renowned scholar of Taiwanese and Chinese nature histories and animalography.
The Tainan is home to the University President Lions, who are playing their home matches in the Tainan Municipal Baseball Stadium. City of Tainan also maintains amicable relations with four other communities, although they are not officially twinned. Tainan.gov.tw. Taipei today. Tainan Confucian Temple. The Tainan City government. ?????????????: ????????????? [Ilha Formosa: The Origin of Taiwan in the World Scene in the Seventeenth Century] (in Chinese).
The National Palace Museum. Taiwan: Adapting Harbor National Historical Park. The Tainan City government. Adapting Harbor National Historical Park. The Tainan City government. Lordship of Japan in Formosa. Taiwan as our main focus. The Tainan City government. Adapting Harbor National Historical Park. "Most of the nation's 12,106 temples are in Tainan." Tainan Traditional Orchestra. Traditional Tainan Orchestra.
Chang Jung University Orchestra. University of Chang Jung. Tainan Production Center. The Tainan City government. The Tainan City government. Tainan District Agricultural Research & Extension Station, COA". Taiwan Orchid Plantation. orchid plantation in Taiwan. City of Tainan Government Tourist Office Official Website. Tourist Office of the Government of the City of Tainan. High-speed Taiwan line.
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