a., Abhirajah, founder. A Tagaung Taung nickel mine in Myanmar is owned by CNMC, TISCO.
The Tagaung Kingdom (Burmese: ????????? ?????????d??á??, pronounced[? nèpjìd??]) was a Pyu city-state that co-existed in the first millenium after Christ. By 1832, Hmannan Yazawin, the royal chronicle of the Konbaung dynasty, declared the semi-legendary state the first empire of the Myanmar kings. Hmanan added that the "kingdom" of Abhiyaza was established by the Sakya family of Buddha in 850 BC, and that through Abiyaza the Mythic Maha Sammata, the first Buddhist monarch of the realm, was born.
Hmannan also presents another Sakya princes Dazayaza, who established the second Tagaung family around 600 BC. At that time the predominant pre-Buddhist history, in which the empire was established by a descendent of a sun ghost and a female queen of dragons, is marked in red. Hmanan goes on to say that Tagaung's case resulted in a threefold partition of the people.
The other group went south-east and established the 19 Kyaukse counties. 4 ] (Thunapayanta was near today's Pagan (Bagan), and the main city-state Pyu in Kyaukse was Maingmaw. The third group, headed by Naga Hsein (???????), Binnaka Yaza's mother, stayed in Tagaung.
The Sakya line is not extinct, Hmannan continued. The year 503 BC saw the reign of the last royal of Tagaung, Thado Maha Yaza, the twins Maha Thanbawa and Sula Thanbawa. In 107 AD, Thamoddarit (??????????), grandson of the last Sri Ksetra emperor, established the town of Pagan (Bagan) (formally Arimaddana-pura (????????????), letter.
12 ] The place was supposedly frequented by Buddha himself during his life, and 651 years after his demise a great empire is to be established there. It was important to connect with the pagan dynasty because all later Burmaites, Myinsaing to Konbaung, took the line to the Pagan monarch.
This Abhiyaza tale was first published in Hmannan Yazawin (the Glass Palace Chronicle), collected in 1832. Burma's early 1800s journals, such as Maha Yazawin (the Great Chronicle) of 1724, on which Hmannan is strongly built, do not refer to Abhiyaza. Instead, the pre-mannic history of the Myanmar Empire talks of a Pyusawhti, descendant of a sun ghost and a female kite prince who later formed the pagan dynasty.
14 ] Furthermore, the Abhiyaza/Dazayaza tales were stratified on the verbal stories/legends of Tagaung and Sri Ksetra. 5 ] The Neolithic and Bronze Age artifacts found in Kyan Hnyat (30 km southwards of Tagaung) corroborate the settlement of humans in Tagaung at the same time (1st millenium BC) of both Tagaung dictatorships, which was mentioned in pre-mannic annals.
There are indications that Tagaung only arose in the "early ages AD" as a city-state (a three-wall city-state on the eastern shore of the Irrawaddy). But Tagaung hasn't been dug up yet, and there may be some proof. Apart from Sri Ksetra and Beikthano, the remaining Pyu places were not dug out at all.
Moreover, the states Tagaung, Sri Ksetra and Pagan all coexisted in the order, though not in the discreet manner described in the annals. Tagaung850 - 483 B.C. 1st / 2nd centuries - eleventh centuries CEAfter 483 B.C., Tagaung was next mentioned in the 1061 A.D. and 1364 A.D. annals as a excursion.
Buddha literature and the Burma's last dynasty in 1752-1885. Burma's history: It' a story of Burma. Myanmar story before 1287: Tagaung, Thagara and the Mon Pyu dichotomy". Hmanan Yazawin (in Burmese). Studied Myanmar language (in Burmese).