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Yangon: Myanmar does not return seized Yangon lands to their former owner - Xinhua
Rangoon, June 6 (Xinhua) -- Myanmar's administration has given back about 2,580 ha of Rangoon property seized by the peasants and other landowners from the former administration, according to officials on Tuesday. It was one of the 3,717 ha that were taken over by the peasants from various authorities. Following the investigations, the Yangon Region State Confiscation Review Committee ruled that the seized properties should be surrendered to the initial owner under 1,905 cases.
Most of the seized country, according to the commission, was taken by the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Settlements and Housing during the pre-reign. By the middle of last year, the Mandalay county council had also given back 12,960 ha of 14,175 ha of seized lands in the north, while some similar areas in the Ayeyawaddy and Nay Pyi Taw Council regions were also given back to the peasants.
After more than a year of inauguration, the new administration undertook to resolve rapidly the problem of the seizure of arable lands and the rapid restitution of deserted lands to their rightful holders. Vice-President U Henry Van Thio, who presides over the Central Review Committee on Seized Arable Soil, then described the arable farm as the essential property of the farmer in an arable farm and promised fairness in the restitution of the area.
Under the pretence of urbanisation and industrialisation, privatised enterprises and governments were able to seize property, which included arable soils. But there was a territorial conflict between the state, property owners and property owners.
Economy, Armed Forces, Governments Confiscate Myanmar Caoutchouc Land: Legal Group
Across the past decade, 5. 3 million acres have been rented (2. 1 million hectares) to landlords' landlords' investors without the approval, and gum orchards are covering more than a fourth of this area, global witness said in a review released thursday. The 18-month Global Witness survey concentrated on the north-eastern Shan state, which borders China, and found that the area's local army detachment worked with the county administration and privately owned businesses to seize property, with the bulk of confiscations taking place in 2006.
Military troops appeared in towns without notice, even moved into the chef's home once, marking the borders of the country they wanted with stakes of reed and forced the inhabitants to clear it, she said. It was said that the primary beneficiaries of the Global Witness conquest were the privately owned Sein Wut Hmon.
According to the statement, the proprietor and manager of the enterprise rejected all accusations made against him and the enterprise in the statement. World Witness reviewed the government's zoning documentation with country surveys and satellites. In addition, 124 affected inhabitants of 11 towns and more than 20 civil servants, pensioned soldiers, reporters and rural campaigners were questioned.
Wrath Hmon is the country's biggest amount of any gum firm in Shan State with a combined 4,608 acre (1,865 hectares) of plants. Not one of the village people whose lands were confiscated had title to the property, but despite the property taxes as evidence of property, they were not paying for their lands, the reports say.
"We had very little reimbursement - 98 per cent of the respondents had not been compensated for the country," Cohen said. There are three towns that have sent protests to the administration, but have not been answered, while the townspeople have in most cases been afraid to act because of the army's tight controls over the area, she said.
It states that the most important indigenous minorities in the municipalities affected by the company's caoutchouc activities are Shan, Palaung and Kachin. Landgrabbing is common in Myanmar and some controversies over seized property are becoming violence. More than 70 persons were wounded in November 2012 when riot squads were attacked in a warehouse to protest the extension of a mine in the north of Myanmar.
Townspeople said that enlargement entailed the illegal seizure of tens of thousand hectares of their lands. While Myanmar is drafting its new federal soil policies, Cohen said Global Witness is working to make it "backward-looking", with a complaints procedure and reimbursement for past take-back. It also called on multinational buyers of Myanmar gum to "exercise strict controls to make sure that the gum they buy does not lead to bribery and violations of people' s rights".