Stupa MyanmarMyanmar Stupa
Stupa traced their story back to pre-Buddhist tumuli, but they came to and evolved after the death of the Buddha, whose remnants were laid to rest in ten hills.
Later on, more durable buildings were constructed to accommodate relicts such as the Great Stupa from the third millennium BC in Sanchi, India. The Lanka bells are one of the most popular styles in Thailand. It is interesting that this form of belfry is hardly visible in Sri Lanka, where the originally round stupa in Sanchi is the most used.
If we look at the great cities of Myanmar, Thailand and Laos, we can see some interesting architectural landmarks that give us good clues for stupa that we see on our journeys through Southeast Asia. Myanmar has a clear development of architectural trends. This pyu can be found in the Seventh C. Bawbawgyi Pagoda in the antique town of Sri Ksetra near today's Pyay.
The bellied but long versions of the plain hill is the beginning of Burma's stupa. The Bagan is home to many large stupa that exemplify the development of the stupa in Myanmar. This beautiful Shwezigon Pagoda from the eleventh centuary was the forerunner for designing and stretching it. The twelveteenth and twelfth centuries saw the gold Dhammayazika pagoda, also in Bagan, become the custom.
The shedagon is extended several foldable lines and has features the form of the bells, the buds of bananas, up and down turned lotuses, a tanga and a diamonds buds covered with a heti. It' the height of mercy in stupa designs. Lao has a distinctive stupa look that is different from those in neighboring states.
That Chom Si in Luang Prabang also shows this kind of music in a much smaller one. Vientiane shows a different way That Dam. While this shows some impact from its south neighbor, Thailand, it keeps a square natural appearance instead of a round'bell'. Luang Prabang has a rather uncommon stupa, which seems to be more intimately connected to the Sri Lankan hilltop.
Well-known as the'Watermelon Stupa', That Pathum (or That Makmo) in Wat Wisunalat is a Stupa in the Sinhala tradition of the sixteenth cent. The award goes to Thailand for the most diverse stupa. Whilst many are associating the Khmer stile with Thailand, it really isn't a real stupa like the ched.
This famous "corn cob" form actually originated from Khmer sanctuaries and not from heaps. As they have evolved to have the same reliquary that contains feature, they are not quite stupas as one can normally type them. Walking through the antique town will also unveil many types of cedi.
One of the most well known is the Ayutthaya-Stil, which can be found in churches like Wat Chai Watthanaram. This is a more stylised, square carillon with 12 notches. Situated in the north of Chiang Mai, in the centre of the old kingdom of Lanna, you will find a beautiful example of a chedim.
Again, the gold stupa in Wat Phra Doi Suthep is a variant of the Glockenchedi, but in Lanna-Stil, with its many facettes and levels. Lamphun is only 25 km away from Chiang Mai. Wat Phra That Hariphunchai has its own specific Cha. Hariphunchai, the former Mon kingdom, had its own unique identity before the Mon Empire in the thirteenth cent.
In Haripunjaya look, the Hardi Suwanna is rectangular and more like an oblong frond. Traveling southwards to the pristine Kingdom of Sukhothai in Thailand, Wat Mahathat is another Mon Haripunjaya styled Khetis, but it is one of many different species that surrounds the principal Cedi in the Thanese. There are many different types of chedim in the capitol Bangkok, but it is a town where many of the classical bell-shaped chedim live, which one imagines when one thinks of the temple of Thailand.
Whilst there are many instances, the gold cedi at Wat Saket Ratcha Wora Maha Wihan on the Gold Mountain is a lighthouse that glitters in the bright light above the Bangkok sky. These three South East Asiatic lands are a pleasure to explore with their varied stupa and the photographic architectural design can allow you to explore for long periods of time.
Writer Tom Billinge operates The Temple Trail, an ultimative website to learn more about well-known and less known Temple and places of worship in Southeast Asia and beyond.