State any three Characteristics of the Ancient CitiesName any three characteristics of the old cities.
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Citizenship, Social Sciences and Humanities CBSE Social Sciences and Humanities 10th grade Work, Living and Recreation LAQ
The cities and cities that first emerged along the valley of rivers such as Ur and Mohenjodaro were bigger in extent than other man-made villages. ii ) These cities were the centers of civic authority, administration networks, the economy, religion and intellect. These cities vary widely in terms of geography and number.
v ) Industrialization was an important factor in the urbanization. Cities and villages that have developed for the first time along rivers ideals, such as Ur. ii ) The ancient cities could only evolve if an increased supply of foodstuffs made it possible to assist a broad spectrum of non-food growers. Cities were often the center of attention: government offices, administration network, economy, religion and intellect, supporting various groups such as craftsmen, traders and pastors.
Contemporary cities like London. iv ) The metropolis of London became a strong attraction for migrants, even though it did not have large mills. London was a town of office employees and shop owners. It was a town of small craftsmen and experienced craftsmen. It was a town with a rising number of semi-skilled and sweaty workmen, military and service personnel, occasional laborers, vendors and mendicants.
The expansion of London during the course of the 1800s. CBSE2008 Comp. ID] OExplain all three causes for which the London populace grew during the course of the 19 th centuary. 2011}To (i)In the year 1750 every ninth person in England and Wales was living in London. This was a huge town with a total of 6,75,000 inhabitants.
During the course of the 19th centuries. It quadrupled its number of inhabitants in the 70 years between 1810 and I860 and increased from 1 million to about 4 million. iii ) The metropolis of London was a strong attraction for migrants, even though it did not maintain large mills. iv ) The London of the 19th to the 20th centuries was a town of office and shop employees, small master craftsmen and experienced craftsmen, a rising number of half and fully automatic sweaty workmen, soldier and servant, occasional worker, road seller and beggar.
The London economy began to produce automobiles and electric appliances, and the number of large plants grew to almost a third of the city's jobs. Most of the unfortunate ones were criminal who made a living from theft. A large number of mothers worked in factory at the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth centuries.
v ) A large number of female employees were working in the factory in the late 1950s and early 1911s. Charles Booth carried out the first London low skill worker labour force assessment in the East End of London. It found out that about 1 million Londoners, i.e. about a fifth of the London inhabitants on the edge of the Rimes, were very impoverished.
ii ) These impoverished individuals were supposed to have an mean old age of 29 compared to an mean old man's lifespan of 55 in the aristocracy and among the upper and lower-class. iii ) These persons died more than likely in a labour building, a clinic or an insane asylum. iv ) He came to the conclusion that London needed the conversion of at least 4,00,000 rooms to accommodate its most deprived population.
For a while, the wealthier urban residents kept demanding that the shanty towns be just evacuated. However, a large number of individuals began to realize the need for homes for the needy. i) Accommodation problem: London's most important issue was the accommodation of immigrants. In between the two World Wars 1919-391, responsibilities for accommodating the working class were assumed by the UK state, and one million homes, most of them single-family, were constructed by locals.
Meanwhile, the town had expanded beyond the area where workers could go to work, and the evolution of the outskirts made new modes of bulk transportation essential. London subway was constructed to carry dry passengers out of the town. Consequently, the urban populace spread more and more.
In order to curb the increase in criminalization, the criminal populations were enumerated, their activity observed and their lifestyles studied. With a view to disciplining the populace, the government issued high fines for crimes and provided work for those deemed to be the meritorious needy. Males and females did not have equitable entry to this new metropolitan area, as females were losing their employment in industry and restoring the street to the position of Conservatives: their existence in the open air forces them to retreat into their shelters.
Most of the 19th century civic organizations, such as Chartism (a civic organization that required voting for all grown -up men) and the ten-hour labor organization (that restricted working times in factories), mobilized a large number of men. Only slowly did female citizens began to take part in civic organizations for the right to vote, which required the right to choose for female citizens, or for the designated right of woman to own belong.
In the course of the twentieth millennium, the familiy today was made up of much smaller entities, but it became the core of the new goods, service and idea markets. First part of the:n the word metro was inaugurated on 10 January 1863 between Paddington and Farrington Streets in London. Many felt that the ferrous creatures were aggravating the chaos and unhealth of the town, (v)suffocation due to insufficient air intake and high temperatures.
F.10.'The London subway finally became a tremendous hit. Was OrHow far the subway able to resolve transportation issues and house shortages in London in the 19th century? ii ) Until the twentieth millennium, most major cities such as New York, Tokyo, etc. were building highways.
iii ) The town' s populace grew as it became easier to move. What was the London Season custom? Are you explaining different types of amusement that emerged in England in the nineteenth centuries to offer recreational opportunities to man? How did England entertain itself in the nineteenth centuries in order to make recreational activity possible?
OrMow entertained folks in their spare hours in city Britain in the 19 th district. CBSE Sept. 2010] OrHow has the population of all grades been talking in their spare hours in post-industrial Britain's city? Londonason : For affluent Britons there has long been anual Londonason.
At the end of the 18th centuries various kinds of culture activities such as operas, plays and classic concerts were organized for an élite group of 300-400 of them. Amusement Gardens: Amusement parks came in the 1800s to offer the wealthy opportunities to engage in sport, recreation and refreshment. Universities, Kunstgalerien and Museen were created in the neunzehnten Jahrhundert, in order to obtain humans an impression of history as well as proud of the attainments of the British.
Describe the lifestyles of mid-nineteenth-century British blue-collar worker. In the best case by the middle of the 19th decade, about 10% of the populace were extreme impoverished. A large urban populace was therefore both a menace and an opportunity. What a great people! Large urban populations resulted in the emergence of new means of transport.
i) A large urban community offered a large geographic scope to the sector. In the harsh winters of 1886, when work in the open came to a halt, the London masses blew up in turmoil and demanded alleviation from the dreadful situations of extreme destitution. Alert storekeepers shut down their businesses and feared the 10,000 people who marched from Deptford to London.
"Everywhere, town planning has been at the cost of ecology." "Everywhere, town planning has been at the cost of ecological and environmental concerns. "In order to evolve cities, physical characteristics have been leveled or altered in reaction to the increasing demands for aerospace plants, homes and other facilities. ii ) Large amounts of solid and solid contaminated ambient air and groundwater, while excess sound became part of everyday living.
iii ) The wide use of charcoal in households and industry in England in the 19th centuries posed serious difficulties. Large cities such as Leeds, Bradford and Manchester had several hundred factories chimney bringing dark smokestacks into the sky. Briefly describe the evolution of Bombay (Mumbai) as an India prime town.
i) In the 17th century. Mumbai was a group of seven small Greek archipelagos under Portugese supervision. ii ) The East India Company quickly relocated its headquarters from Surat, its main west harbour, to Bombay. Regarding (iii) Initially, Bombay was the main market for Gujarat related fabrics. Later, in the 19th century, the town acted as a harbour through which large amounts of commodities such as cocoa and opioid flowed.
Slowly it also became an important administration center in the West Indies and then, at the end of the 19th centuries, an important industry center. Bombay became the capitol of the Bombay presidency in 1819 after the Maratha victory in the Anglo-Maratha conflict. And the town was expanding fast.
Bombay saw the emergence of large trading groups of merchants, bankiers, craftsmen and merchants as the volume of cigarettes and opioids increased. Describe the reasons that lead to the Bombay explosion. OrExplain, which in the middle of the nineteenth centuries resulted in the enlargement of the Bombay people. Ans. (i) Bombay as Bombay's main town : Bombay became the Bombay presidency in 1519 after the Maratha victory in the Anglo-Maratha conflict.
Between 1881 and 1931 only about a quarter of the population of Bombay were in Bombay, the remainder came from outside.
Huge quantities from the Ratnagiri region streamed in to work in the Bombay windmills. In 1853, the first railroad was built from Bombay to Thane at the intersection of two important highways. Developing the railroad promoted even greater immigration into the town.
Famine in the arid Kutch areas in 1888-89 forced a large number of locals to Bombay. Or the Bombay chews were a small cosmo-political fellowship in themselves. ii ) Like the apartment buildings in London, most of these homes were privately rented, such as businessmen, financiers and developers who were looking for fast ways to make a living from fearful newcomers.
v ) Those who were " depressive class " found it even more hard to find shelter. Describe the Bombay (Mumbai) apartment issue. ii ) About 70 percent of the working population were living in the densely settled chewers of Bombay (Mumbai). Or throw your lights on some of Bombay's real estate development plans.
CBSE Sept. 2010. 2012]Ans. (i)1754, a pilot scheme was started to connect the seven Bombay Isles into a single land mass. The governor of Bombay, then. In 1864 William Hornby authorized the construction of the Great Dam to circumvent the hood of the low areas of Bombay (ii) The Back Bay Reclamation Corporation won the right to recover the west foreland from the tip of Malabar Hill to the end of Colaba.
Until the 1870', although most privately owned businesses shut down the duet due to rising costs, the town had grown to about 22 sq. m. ("square miles"). The Bombay Port Trust also started a recultivation program to construct a drying quay between 1914 and 1918. The Trust used the dug-out soil to construct the 22-hectare Ballard Estate.
Thereafter the Marine Drive of Bombay (Mumbai) was born. Or " Bombay seems to many as a dreaming town - Mayapuri. CBSE Sept. 2010]Ans. (i) Movie Industry: The Bombay movie business has greatly helped to create an age of the big picture as a mixture of fantasy and real life, it is India's movie business that provides work for more than 10 in all.
The majority of those in the movie business were themselves immigrants and became success stories. Occupation: Bombay is one of the most important Indian industries employing qualified and unschooled labour. Movie producer protagonists' protagonists and industrials are living in large, roomy cottages, attracting large numbers of immigrants to the town.
Bombay Mumbai is an overcrowded town. Reich, dealers, movie producer, etc. are living in large, roomy cottages, while 70% of the working population are living in densely settled chewers. ii ) Classification: Persons belonging to the depressive categories had difficulty finding accommodation. Many Bombay (Mumbai) movies focused on the new immigrants arriving in the cities and their encounter with the actual pressure of everyday living.
The Bombay Fort area, which in the early 1st SCO's constituted the core of the town, was split into a local credit, in which most Indians resided, and a Euro or a " whitesection ". Describe the caring lives of Bombay (Mumbai) population.
Bombay Fort, which at the beginning of the 19th century constituted the centre of the twentieth century capital, was split into a "native" Indian living quarter and a European or "while" section. Bombay Muslims and wholesalers and industry men used to live in large, roomy chalets, while more than 70 percent of the working population live in the densely settled pines of Bombay.
iv ) Living in chewers: Over 70 percent of the working population were living in the densely settled chewers of Bombay. Negative class and accommodation problems: Those belonging to the "depressive classes" found it even more challenging to find accommodation. What has changed the way people's lives have functioned in the town?
Was OrHow the state of the municipal familiy changed by the 20 th centuries? CBSE 2013 Ans. (i)City living and immigrants : A large number of infants were forced into low-paid work, often by their families. Industrialization and Workers' Lives: The wealth of labor in the marketplace affected workers' lifestyles When messages came about possible rural employment, hundred moved to the c:ties.
iv ) Metropolitan living and individualism: The metropolis undoubtedly promoted a new individualistic mindset among men and woman and a liberation from the collectivist ideals that characterised the smaller country towns. v ) Metropolitan living and women: Men and woman did not have equitable rights of entry into this new metropolitan area.
By the time a woman left her job in industry and conscious individuals sailed against her existence in the open air, a woman was compelled to retreat into a Shiite home. The open air became more and more of a men's reserve, and the home was seen as the right place for them. "Mumbai movies have greatly helped to create an impression of the town as a mixture of dreams and realities, of shantytowns and stellar inns.
Bombay (Mumbai has always been associated with the movie business and is loved as a dream town). More than 10 workers are employed in the movie business. Bombay movies often focus on the new immigrants arriving in the town and their encounter with the pressure of everyday reality.
iii ) Immigrants and the cinema industry: The majority of those in the movie business were themselves immigrants coming from cities like Lahore, Calcutta, Madras Chennai and contributing to the color industry's nationality. Those who came from Lahore and Punjab were particularly important for the Hindi movie business. Many renowned authors such as Ismat Chughtai and Saadat Hasan Manto were associated with the Hindi cinema.
Many of my industry owners, movie makers, protagonists, heroes and wealthy individuals inhabit large, roomy chalets that draw large numbers of visitors. Describe the main characteristics of the cities of the colonial India. i) The rate of urbanization under colonial domination was sluggish until the beginning of the twentieth millennium, with only about 11 percent of Indians residing in cities and most of them coming from the three cities of the presidency.
These were multi-functional cities because they had large harbours, storehouses, apartments and bureaus, military companies, education facilities, museum and library facilities. Mumbai was the leading Indian metropolis and was expanding fast.