St George's CastleSt. George's Castle
Situated in the district of Alfama in Lisbon.
ST. GEORGE Castle (Castelo de São Jorge), Lisbon
Saint-George's Castle can be seen from almost anywhere in the town. The oldest parts date from the sixth and seventeenth centuries, when it was built by the Romans, Visigoths and finally the Moors. Afonso Henriques, Portugal's first emperor, conquered it in 1147 with the help of Nordic knights on the way to the Holy Land.
Later it was consecrated to St George, the English protector, in commemoration of the Anglo-Portuguese covenant of 1371 and became the kingly residence, until another one (destroyed by the great earthquake) was erected on today's Comercio Square. It is now an haven of tranquillity, but just behind the entrance there is a sculpture of King Afonso Henriques and a row of cannon that will remind you of its initial use.
The Alcaçovas Palace, where mediaeval monarchs used to live, is still a stony structure that today houses a factory and on the back a small archeological collection in three subterranean rooms (including the one where Vasco da Gama was welcomed by King Manuel after his trip to India in 1499). The most of the castle was demolished over the years, especially in the Great Earthquake of 1755, but still a long prolongation of the ramparts and 18 spires built in the early twentieth c....
Tourists can ascend the tower and stroll along the walls to enjoy the most stunning view of Lisbon (which confirms it is one of the most stunning towns in the world), or just relaxing in the garden with clambering zoo of the peacock, goose and duck. Câmara Escura is one of the inner tower of the castle, the tower of Ulysses, a Periscopa that shows monuments from all over the town.
Use the Lisboa Card to get to the castle for free - by subway, bus and tram from Lisbon. For accommodation near the castle, there are the Solar do Castelo and Solar dos Moors and a number of suites. From Miradouro Das Portas do Sol - Above the roofs, cupolas and steeples of Alfama.
Sao Vicente de Fora Cathedral - A convent from the sixteenth c. with an extraordinary paved inward area. National Pantheon - The dome chapel that took hundreds of years to build. The Santo Antonio Cathedral - birth place of Saint Anthony. Miradouro and Graça Castle - A panorama of the castle and the town. The Casa Dos Bicos - An architectonic inquisitiveness of the sixteenth cent.
Museum of Applied Art - A fascinating art and crafts museum. The Fado Museum - The history of folk culture. The Military Museum - A testimony to the wars of the state. Classy, award-winning downtown accommodation: Receive FREE or discounted entry to most of Lisbon's sights and travel free on the city's subway, bus and tram networks with the Lisboa Card: