Sri Lanka WeatherWeather in Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan weather, forecast and average weather conditions
SRILANKA is an Indian Ocean archipelago about 30 km off the Indian coastline and is home to some 20 million population. Situated in the south of the country, the pear-shaped islet covers an area of 65,000 km², with the highest summits rising to 2500 metres above the surface.
Weather conditions are affected by the hot environment of the Indian Ocean and the closeness to the huge sub-continent of India and the weather system associated with it. The annual mean temperature in Sri Lanka ranges from about 15ºC in the mountainous regions to about 30ºC on the north-east coastline. On the coasts, the temperature fluctuates very little throughout the year - the Colombo temperature ranges from 27 ºC to 29 ºC all year round, with maximum values of 30 ºC and minimum values of 22 ºC.
Domestically the temperature varies more - Kandy's temperature is between 17 ºC and 31ºC. With increasing height the temperature cools down - Nuwara Eliya temperature is between 14 ºC and 21 ºC. The beginning of the year has the highest temperature in the mountain. Most hot place on the isle is the northern and northeastern - Trincomalee, on the northeastern shore has temperature varying between 33 ºC and 24 ºC.
In this area, the hottest temperature on the islands was measured at almost 40ºC. Precipitation is high all over the isle, but vary greatly: The yearly precipitation ranges from about 1250 mm in the northeast and south-east to over 5000 mm in the south-west uplands. Throughout the year, the south-west of the isle is the wetest.
Precipitation can be all year round, although there are two seasons of strong rainfall on the islands - the first between May and August and the second between October and January. It is an important part of the Sri Lankan climatic conditions and has a great influence on the country's important agribusiness.
The absence of the monsoon, as in 2004, can lead to droughts on the islands; if they are particularly serious, major floods are a major threat. The cyclone is another weather-related catastrophe that may affect Sri Lanka. These intensive tropic storm that form in the Bay of Bengal can cause violent wind and whipping rains on the islands, which threaten life and livelihood.
Fortunately for Sri Lanka it is so far southward that it will miss most hurricanes, but sometimes the isle can be struck. Sri Lanka has two periods of abyss - one brings rains from the north-east and the other from the south-west. Because of the islands mountainous landscape in the middle southerly area, the two regimens influence different parts of the islands very differently.
Pristine Sri Lankan shores. Northeastern monsoons bring humid and humid weather from the Bay of Bengal to Sri Lanka. It is the north-eastern hillsides of the main highland that get the most precipitation in these seasons - often over 1000mm. Kandy, which is situated just northern of the highest peaks, gets almost twice as much precipitation during the northeastern moon as in the south-west, from which the peaks are protecting it.
It is the area with the most rainfalls of the North East Moon. Colorobo, the capitol, lies on the western shore and has similar rainfalls during the two rains, which are around 400 mm in May and November. However, the north-east moon brings the coldest temperature of the year, albeit only slightly.
Areas in the south-west, such as Galle, are much less affected by the north-east moon, as they are shielded by the hills. Most of the precipitation in the northern and eastern parts of the lowland receives during the north-east moon - usually between 1200 and 1800 mm. The tsunami on Christmas Day in 2004 ravaged Sri Lanka, killing over 35,000 lives across the state.
Sril Lanka was the second biggest blow and still carries marks from that fate. Dambulla Temple, Sri Lanka. Südwestmonsun is bringing rain from the Indian Ocean. The southwestern part of the country with bile is the most affected during this period of monsoons. In this period, the south and west sides of the mountain are the humidest place on the isle.
Ratnapura is located in this area and the highest mounds here can absorb up to 4000 mm of precipitation during the south-west Moons. Most humid places during the northeastern moon - the areas northeastern of the mountain - are now the dryest during the southwestern one. A group of elephants in the Sri Lanka riverbank.
In Sri Lanka there are two periods of sunshine - from February to May and from August to October. It is never precise when the MONSUN comes and goes and can vary from year to year and all over the isle. The far north-east, as you can conceive, is the first to welcome the northeastern consun, and the south-west is the first to welcome the south-western consun.
If you don't care, you can come to Sri Lanka at any season. There is still plenty of daylight even in the rainy season, as the downpours are brief and heavy and the weather quickly brightens up. There' s such a wealth of cultural life on this pulsating isle that you'll find something to do in all weathers.