Sri Ksetra MyanmarSril Ksetra Myanmar
Tibetan-Myanmar speakers, the Pyus were the first to settle in Myanmar in the middle of the land at the beginning of the early days of the Chrs. A few hundred years later they slowly fused with Myanmar and the Pyu languages. One of Myanmar's most thoroughly researched places, Sri Ksetra has been intermittently excavated since 1907 and has been intensively excavated since 1964.
He shows his strong connection and contacts with South India. A few parts of the solid walls are still standing up to a maximum of fifteen ft. Situated in the center of the town is the Palastgelände, a rectangle enclosures, 1,700 ft x 1,125 ft, now densely overgrown. In this case, the cylindrically shaped object is standing on a seven and a half meter high pedestal, which is accessed by stairs on each of the four sides.
Each of the pedestal is adorned with a man on horse back. The sculptural flagstone with a sitting Buddha, accompanied by a student on both sides, is resting on the western part. East Zegu is slightly larger than Bebe, the floor space is 27ftx24ft.
The original plate with the picture of the Buddha in embossing. Lemyethna with four entries is also a small'squared' sanctuary, each side measures 22ft-5inches. There is a centre quadratic ground, on the sides of which a flagstone with a sitting Buddha picture was placed.
On the western side there are two flagstones with eight sitting Buddhas in a line. Payataung, a large quadratic building overlooked by a stupa, is 38ft high. Both the veranda and the foyer have only one shelf which is only separated by a rock sill one leg wid.
It is 105 by 77 foot in the arena, while the entrance area has three 60-foot inlets. The building is built on a clay base with a thin brickwork base up to 6 ft thick from which the outer panels rise upwards.
The remnants of the works of artwork include beautiful sculptures in Buddhist and Hindu style. The Buddha pictures are usually engraved in reliefs on giant flagstones. A plate found near the Bawbawgyi pit in 1906 carries a Buddha with overlapped feet on a low base and arms in a meditative position.
Behind the Buddha figurine is a macara back plate adorned with round lace. There is a student sitting on both sides, but the one on the right side of the Buddha is irrecognizably corrupted. Everyone carries a sitting picture of the Buddha in a ground moving position, accompanied by a pupil with worship position arms.
At the Bebe-tempple the sitting Buddha in reliefs has his right-handed Buddha in the uncommon position of contacting the ground while his right arm lies in his womb. To flank the Buddha on both sides is a worshipping student. This sculptural plate from the Ost-Zegu-tempple shows the first homily-scenes.
The Buddha sits here on a low base with the right foot on the right side, while the right foot is extended and resting on the right knees. His right wrist is fractured under the elbows, but it seems that the palm was initially elevated towards the chest. On both sides of the Buddha there is a stationary head-covered statue that holds an item that looks like a box.
A chakra icon on the lower part of the flagstone is accompanied on both sides by a stag and two sitting worshipping people. On the right side the two followers look like friars, while those on the lefthand side with headgear are lay. On the south side of the main quadratic column of the Lemyethnatempple, the stony reliefs bear a sitting Buddha surrounded by bodhisattvas.
Buddha has his right-handed man on his right knees and his left-handed man on his knees. Buddha's skull and the statue on the lefthand side are broken. The large relief stones have a strong relationship to Gupta and can be traced back to the seventh cent.
Minor rock carvings that have been found in various places in the town are on display in the site museums. Under the finds of Shwenyaungbinyo hill a plate, 15 inch high, carries the crib in emboss. In the middle, Queen Maya is holding a twig of the sage trees, while her Sr. Mahapajapati is supporting her to her Lefth.
A further flagstone shows the Buddha's domestication of the Nalagiri Elefant. Another interesting statue, 13 1/2 inch high, shows the Buddha giving his first homily in the Hirschpark. Buddha is topped by an Umbrella and sits on a blossom that is carried by its stem.
There is a kneeing Buddha with worshiping monk on each side, who represents the group of five Buddhist friars who were present at the first homily. Under the Buddha's position there are two gazelle which face a central standing gear.
Another on his knees on the lefthand side symbolises the sacra, the Deva Emperor. There are two drawers with two vertical pieces each on the top plate, which is subdivided by the spire (sikhara) above the bow above the monument. While the inner body in both sections is the Buddha, the external one, with two apparent minds, is the Mahabrahma.
The Buddha sits on a lotus in the central balcony of the Dhamma Cakra Mahra in a vaulted alcove overlooked by a pyramid-shaped tower. Not only does the lower plate carry the symbolic ring with a lying stag on both sides, but also two three-headed Brahmas on their knees on pouffe. It is rare to find large individual round statues in Sri Ksetra.
A noteworthy exemption is the Buddha picture in rock from Kanwetkhaungkon Hill. He sits in the meditative position with both arms on his knee. In 1926 a large plate of stones, fragmented into several pieces, carries the embossed statue of a bodhisattva sitting in a sculpted alc.
Sitting on a chair with his right knees up and his legs outstretched. Right one is absent, right one is on the other. It is 6 ft 2 inch high and 4 ft 2 inch broad. It' cracked in two, the total length is 6 ft. 9 in.
Deities sit on their pleated feet, their face being fully visible but the right side of the thick plate faces the right. Your javelin-like right wrist is lifted while your right one is hanging on your side. This is a cumbersome statue that stands on a alligator, partially injured, elevated to the top of the scalp with the right one on the bent one.
That Brahmanism dominated in Sri Ksetra side by side with Buddhism is testified by the fact that rock sculpture was discovered, mainly concerning the Vishnavite Cult. Vishnu's statue with his wife Lakshmi on the right side carries a plate of limestone in strong reliefs. There is a fracture on the top of the plate and both ends are absent.
Vishnu's original mussel holder is injured in one of the hands and the chakra holder is also partially fractured. A bouquet of lotuses (or a disfigured trident) is held in her uplifted right hands and her lefthand is hanging to her side. A plate depicts the four-armed Vishnu who stands on a garuda that has been mauled.
There is a sitting statue on each of the lotuses, the first represents Brahma, the central Beikthano and the third Siva. The last four Buddhas of the current global circle sit in the Gupta position that touches the ground. There are four still-positioned followers between the Buddhas, also in relieve.
There is a series of Pyu-Pali inscriptions in southern India around the edge, identifying each Buddha by name, namely Gotama, Konaga-Mana, Kakusandha and Kassapa in pyu-shape. Likewise, the four followers are marked by a brief line of pyu under theirfeets.
The Vinaya Pitaka is an excerpt from the name of each Buddha. It also has a meditative Buddha on each side in nice repouse. Also in Sri Ksetra very delicate bronzes were found from there. In the open 1911-12 seasons, a four-armed Avalokitesvara picture was found near the Bawbawgyi pit.
Both legs are absent and the lefthand arms are cut off above the cubital arch. A right-handed person is in the "fearless" position, while the other is holding a bunch of leafs of palm with a cord. She is wearing a collar, bracelets and a belt with a knotted sling on her corset.
Dyani Buddha Amitabha in the lavish head ornament characterizes the sculpture as Lokesvara. On its pedestal it carries an epigraph whose readable part Ba:Maitreya ba: The most dramatic discovery of bronze was made during the excavations on a hill near the Payama pit during the 1966-67 year.
Noteworthy examples of the presence of a Pyu delegation visiting their capitol around 802 AD. Concrete proof of the fact that there were perfect artists in the Pyu town of Sri Ksetra was obtained by the detection of small 4 and 1/2 inch high bronzes.
Fifth half the first four looks like a midget coon wearing a bag on his back. It is evident that the pyu processing, as evidenced by two carvings of private, often found on pyu coin, is used. Myanmar's oldest epigraphs are in Sri Ksetra.
A small Bawbawgyi flagstone also has a Pali script from Abhidhamma. Near the gates of Shwedaga a rock plate was recently discovered, which unfortunately was heavily peeled off and weathers. This document alone is sufficient to prove the fact that Theravada Buddhism flourished early in Sri Ksetra.
A number of Buddha statues with Buddha characters have also been found on a number of Votiv plates made of earth and labeled with the introductory words of the Buddhistic act of belief' Ye thamma hetuprabhava'. A further important engraving is written in rock on the four sides of the quadratic base of a large Buddha sculpture without a head.
There are also a few cupric and stony urnes that appear to have been used to bury the buried ruins of the royal family. Near the Payagyi pit, four large stony urn were found. All of them wear a short ephitaph written in pyu. Indications show that Sri Ksetra was governed from the seventh to the eighth centuries by a number of monarchs who were dynastically called Vikrama.
It' s hard to tell whether the monarchs were Pyu or Hindu colonialists, for the Indians may have adopted regent rights in India, as was customary with the later Myanmar monarchs with Pali or Sanskrit name. Obviously, Buddhism in Sri Ksetra also affected the Pyu's culture.
Obviously, China notes the plundering of a Pyu capitol in 832 AD by ancient China herds, but it cannot be determined whether this capitol was either Sri Ksetra or Halin, another modern town in the south. In any case, it is obvious that Sri Ksetra began to sink in the ninth quarter and as the Pyus slowly fused with Myanmar, he gave way to Bagan in the eleventh c...