Southern Thailandthe South of Thailand
In the west there are steep coastlines, while on the eastern side of the island there are fluvial plain.
Surat Thani's Tapi, the biggest of the southern part of the country, together with the Phum Duang in Surat Thani, dewaters more than 8,000 square kilometers (3,100 square meters), more than 10 per cent of the country's area. The Pattani, Saiburi, Krabi and Trang are smaller creeks.
Songkhla Sea is the southernmost of the lakes (1,040 square kilometres in total). Chiao Lan (Ratchaprapha Dam) is the main man-made reservoir, covering 165 square kilometres of the Khao Sok National Park in Surat Thani. There are several ranges of mountains with the highest peak at Khao Luang, 1,835 meters (6,020 feet), in the province of Nakhon Si Thammarat through the center of the promontory.
From Kra Isthmus to the island of Phuket stretches the Phuket range, which is connected further northerly with the Tanao Si Mountains. Nearly parallelepiped to the Phuket Range, but 100 km eastwards is the Nakhon Si Thammarat or Banthat Range, which begins with Samui Island, Ko Pha Ngan and Ko Tao in the province of Surat Thani and ends at the Malayan frontier in the Ko Ta Ru Tao-Archipel.
It is bordered by the Sankalakhiri Mountains, sometimes subdivided into Pattani, Taluban and Songkhla. Malaysia's southern Thailand and north Malaysia. Its most important states were Langkasuka, usually regarded as a forerunner of the Pattani Kingdom; Tambralinga, probably the forerunner of the Nakhon Si Thammarat Kingdom, or P'an-p'an in the Phunphin region, Surat Thani, probably on the Bandon Bay Tapi River.
When Srivijaya ceased to have any impact, Nakhon Si Thammarat became the dominating empire of the region. Under the reign of King Ramkhamhaeng the Great of Sukhothai, Thai influences first arrived at Nakhon Si Thammarat.
The Ramkhamhaeng insciption says that Nakhon Si THammarat was a subsidiary state of Sukhothai. For most later seasons Nakhon became a creek of Ayutthaya. While the southernmost part was under the Malaysian monarchy of Pattani and Kedah, the northern part of the mainland was controlled by Bangkok.
At the end of the 17th and 18th centuries, Nakhon Si Thammarat and Pattani were both integrated into the state. This area was divided into 5 months, which were set up to monitor the city-states (Mueang). Small manuscripts were amalgamated into bigger ones and thus formed today's 14 states.
while Pattani remained with Siam. South Thailand has about 8. 1Hat Yai159,627397,379 in Hat Yai District. 2Surat Thani130,114177,242 in the district Mueang Surat Thani. 3Nakhon Si Thammarat104,948271,330 in the district of Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat. 4Phuket78,923238,866 in the district of Mueang Phuket. Six-Songkhla 64,602163,083 in the district of Mueang Songkhla. 7Yala61,293167,582 in the district of Mueang Yala.
8Trang59,999156,115 in the district of Mueang Trang. 9Pattani44,900130,178 in the district of Mueang Pattani. Bangkok is linked to southern Thailand by both rail and motorway. Hat Yai is the traffic junction of all of southern Thailand. The Phetkasem Roads is the longest street in Thailand, which runs from Bangkok along the Kra Isthmus and then along the western coastline of the Istra.
After Trang we cross the eastern coastline to Hat Yai and end at the Malayan frontier. There are two motorways through southern Thailand: Hwy 18 starts in Hat Yai and goes along the eastern coastline to the southeast, leading to Malaysia at Sungai Kolok. From Bangkok, the Southern Runway links Bangkok with Hat Yai and leads from there to Sungai Kolok.
From Thung Song to Trang and Nakhon Si Thammarat and from Hat Yai Junction to Malaysia and Singapore.