Somalia

Solomon Islands

The military operations of Somali government troops and militias, AMISOM and other foreign troops against Al-Shabab troops have resulted in numerous civilian deaths and injuries. CAUTION: The U.S. State Department and most Western nations advise you to avoid any travel to Somalia for any reason. Somalia's security situation is very volatile and there is still a very high risk of terrorist attacks.

" Congratulations to all Somali citizens." Mogadishu: Three injured in IED explosion (Dalsan Radio) - Somalia:

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Armed missions by the somalian troups of governments and militias, AMISOM and other alien troups against Al-Shabab units have resulted in numerous civil fatalities and wounds. The interclan clans also resulted in civil victims. Struggles related to the devastation have driven more than two million Palestinians from their homes; many are confronted with acts of sexually assaulted men and women and eviction in areas under administration.

Goverment troops and militia are culpable of acts of sexual assault and haphazard arrest and imprisonment, even of minors. Al- Shabab violently enlisted and blackmailed people in areas it controlled while illegally carrying out random and intentional assaults on the civilian population.

Solomon Islands travel tips

FCO advises against any trip to Somalia, with the exception of the towns of Hargeisa and Berbera, to which FCO advises against any trip except for necessary one. All UK citizens in areas of Somalia to whom the Bundeskartellamt advises against all journeys should flee the country. All UK citizens in Hargeisa or Berbera who are not travelling should go.

Every UK citizen who visits Hargeisa or Berbera should be more vigilant and attentive in places where there is a gathering of the population. Exit any area of restlessness quickly and do not try to observe or film it. It is very likely that there will be attempts by terrorism to attack Somalia. Throughout Somalia there is a high risk of kidnapping.

Terrorism is a permanent danger in Mogadishu, and there are still plans by supporters of terrorism against the West in the remainder of Somalia, with Somaliland included. It was Somalia's most deadly act of terrorism, with over 300 dead and hundred more wounded. There is no British Embassy in Mogadishu that can give diplomatic missions.

In the UK, if you are worried about a UK citizen in Somalia, call the FCO on 020 7008 1500. Before your trip, take out extensive health and travelling health insurances.

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CAUTION: The U.S. State Department and most Western countries recommend that you refrain from traveling to Somalia for any at all. A particular terrorism is threatening foreign nationals in places where large masses of people are gathering and Westerners are common, among them airfields, administrative building, hotel and malls. There were 14 reported assaults on Mogadishu' s hotel, restaurant and multinational airfield in 2016.

Whereas the semi-autonomous Somaliland represents a drastic relief from the remainder of the land, "safe" is an extreme in Rel. Traveling independently will most likely lead to your demise. SOMALYA ( "Somalia: Soomaaliya" in Arabic: ??????? a?-??m?l) is located on the Horn of Africa and borders Ethiopia to the east, Djibouti to the northwest and Kenya to the southwest.

After the withdrawal of the Egyptian army in 2007, after beating an Islamic regime, the situation began to pick up, but since then with the resurgence of Islamic and other civilian and warlords. At the moment Somalia is (so to speak) ruled by a governing alliance consisting of the Transitional International Authority (TFG) and the former Islamic state.

But at the moment the regime is conducting armed action with radically Muslim groups that refuse to join the regime and are supported by Al-Qaeda. There are many hundreds of years in the Somalian people's annals. When Hatshepsut, the Princess of Egypt, sent a navy of 5 large vessels and a 250 -man garrison to Somalia, which the Egyptians named the land of Punt, the first mention of the term was made in a historical textbook 3500 years ago.

Migrant Muslim Arabs and Persians set up trade post on the Somalian coastline between the seventh and ninth centuries. Ibn Battuta, the great Berber traveller, came to Mogadishu in the fourteenth centuary and read about the humans, their diet and dress and how they governed themselves. He said in his writings that the town was very obese and everyone was eating as much as they could.

They were dressed in very beautiful turbanes and their sultans were very mighty. As an unfamiliar land to Europeans, Somalia was until the portugese discoverers arrived in the seaside towns of Somalia on their way to India. This new discovery inspired many other Europeans to cruise the Somalian coast.

In the nineteenth and eighteenth centuries, the imperialists of Britain, Italy and France were actively involved in the area. At the 1884 Berlin Declaration of Europe, Somalia was split into five parts to water down the uniformity imperative of languages, religions and races. Somalia was split by the colonising forces into Somaliland in Britain in the northern part, Somalia in Italy in the southern part, the Somalian coastline in Djibouti in France, Ogaden in the western part and the NFD.

At the beginning of the twentieth  century, Somalian opposition to these empires began, headed by Sayed Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, nicknamed "Mad Mullah" by the English. Recruiting from the locals, he set up his own head office in Taleex. Fights between Somalian armed groups began in 1901 and it was the beginning of a long battle that lead to Somalia's autonomy.

Since 1991 Somalia has been involved in a lot of violent situations. At the time of the assassination of the former chairman, a former army rule came into office. MGS has set up large-scale construction programmes and successfully conducted an awareness-raising drive for local and regional education that has drastically increased the level of education. As well as a nationalisation programme for the industrial and agricultural sectors, the external policies of the new regimes focused on Somalia's long-standing and regional relations with the Arabian community and finally joined the Arabian League in 1974.

Overall, Somalia's early ties with the Soviet Union and later its relationship with the United States allowed it to develop the biggest armed forces in Africa. However, this ended in a complete breakdown in the 1980', when the somalian nation was disappointed by the regime because the regime was further undermined in the 1980', when the Cold War ended and Somalia's political importance dwindled.

For many Somalis, since then, their lives have been terrible. From now on, the chances of transformation seem slim, although a new administration under the leadership of US Prime Minister Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed has tried to combat insecurity and end the conflict. Since 1991 until today, Somalia has also experienced nothing but anaarchy and bribery under the TFG (Transitional Federal Administration ), which successfully worked towards an elect presidency in September 2012.

Most of Somalia is deserts. Average daytime highs are between 30°C and 40°C (85-105°F), except in higher altitudes and on the eastern part. Südwestmonsun, a seabreeze, makes the time from May to October the most mild time of year in Mogadishu. A de facto self-sufficient northerly area with a working administration and a tiny, still existing tourism area.

and Berbara - a harbour town in Somaliland . Flights to/from Somalia may be a problem due to recent airport bomb attacks by ethnic troops. Ventilation, however, can be the surest way to get to and from Somalia. The African Express is a KENYA carrier that operates flights to/from Berbera, Bossaso, Galkacyo and Mogadishu mainly from Nairobi and Dubai, but also less often from smaller destinations such as Sharjah, Entebbe or Jeddah.

The Jubba Airways[1] is a Somalian carrier that flies from Mogadishu to Dubai, Bossaso and Jeddah. To/from: Galkayo, Hargeisa and Sharjah. You are the only carrier to/from Somalia currently accepting on-line bookings but confirming seven (7) day in advanced.

In the past, Daallo Airlines[2] was the only airline to serve Somalia. The Aden Abdulle Abdullah was reopened in August 2006 for all services to Mogadishu. Previously, both carriers used an airfield many leagues from Mogadishu because of safety concerns over the city's major airfield. Although this is possible when entering Somaliland, the boundaries are generally closed and always hazardous.

It' possible, and relatively secure (though relatively speaking the catchphrase is) for you to take a range of busses and/or split vehicles from Ethiopia to Somaliland. Arrived there, go across the frontier (have your Somaliland visas ready) and take a 4X4 common vehicle to Hargeisa. Also Somaliland needs a visas (see section "Entry" on the page).

The frontiers around the remainder of former Somalia, as already mentioned, are sealed and highly perilous. It has harbours in Boosaaso, Berbera, Kismaayo and Mogadishu. Out of Somalia, especially the Gulf of Aden, water is insecure due to piracy, so care must be taken. For 17 years Somalia has had no efficient governance; as one can conceive, this has had a detrimental effect on road transport and throughput.

Somalia has two different forms of transport: busses and taxi services. Somalis generally ride to the right or in the middle, the only ruling of the street that still seems to be in use. Somalian beaches near Mogadishu are very nice. The Kushite tongue is a Kushite word in Roman characters and is used by the most people.

Since Somalis are almost entirely Muslim, Somalis have adopted many Islamic terms from Arabian, although there are also Arab or Farsi loanwords for common items (e.g. for example from the Arab language ????? albaab, for example, Solali albab-ka (the door)). Italians were an officially spoken in Somaliland and during the trust era, but their use decreased significantly after they became independent.

Most Somalis talk English to talk to the general population, who do all the dirty work in their state. However, if you can study a few words of somalian, your host and all the other natives you may encounter will be very much appreciated and grateful. In Somalia, the official denomination is the Somalian Shilling (SOS).

At the moment only the 1,000 Schilling bill is used, and it doesn't go far..... a glas of beer costs 10 SOS. US$1 to Somalischilling is approximately 580 (SOS). Bakaara Fair (Somali: Suuqa Bakaaraha) is an open fair in Mogadishu and the biggest in Somalia. The Bakaara Fair in the centre of Mogadishu.

Although a new coalition regime takes over, the Somalian market continues to function largely without regulation. Currently 80% of Somalian men own a gun. Somalia has many good tailor shops and it is a good place to have your clothing made to order and to have it made. Somalian dishes are meat-driven, vegetableism is relatively seldom.

In Somalia, however, Somalis had a much wider choice of berries - such as wild berries and guavas - from which they made sap. Somalian shops therefore offer one of the largest selections of Fruity Japs, both Kern1s as well as imported from India and Canada. One of the most important characteristics of the Somalian food is that it is made up of halogen food (Arabic for "allowed" as distinct from Haram: "forbidden").

The most Somalis are Muslims and under Islamic law (or Shar'iah) pig flesh and liquor are not permitted. The other usual foodstuffs are a kind of home-made loaf named injectera (like a big, sponge pancake) and sambusas (like the zamosas in India), which are baked triangle biscuits stuffed with meats or veg. Somalia's cuisine differs from area to area and is an eclectic blend of indigenous Somalian, Yemenite, Persian, Turkic, Hindi and Italians.

This is the result of Somalia's wealthy trading traditions. Somalians love spice infusions. The Somalis are in a minor proportion who are drinking teas similar to the Turkey teas they bring home from the Mideast. Most people, however, enjoy a cup of Shah Hawaash, a type of coffee made from kardamom (in Somali, Xawaash or Hayle) and sweetbread ("cinnamon bark" in Somali, Qoronfil).

The Islam prohibits drinking and Somalia adheres to it. Concerning the cafe ( "kahwa") itself, try michra, made in the Somalian way. Somalia is swarming with game due to the amazing landscape and harsh climate. Beasts from the meerkat to the lion live in large parts of Somalia. Numerous Mogadishu animal sanctuaries have brought fauna to safe places like Lag Badana Park on the edge of Mogadishu.

When you are stupid enough to go to the far reaches of Mogadishu or other parts of the countryside of Somalia, you will either be killed by militias who operate in the countryside of Somalia or swallowed by limes, cheetahs, speckled hyaen or leopards. If you are out and about at nights, be particularly careful, as many Somalian predators come to hunting.

When you' re in the country, wear a weapon. Whilst it appeared that the recently reelected administration had tried to take power over the terrorism groups, the recent incidents of 2017 (in which more than 350 lives were lost, the most serious of which were in Mogadishu) clearly show that this is not the case.

Insurgent Somalis are also launching mortuary raids on civil centres of populations and buildings of state. Former Somalian interim troops had previously started gunfire operations against rebels in city areas that have resulted in civil deaths. Despite the fact that the Somalian authorities have set up a policing service, it is still evolving and levels of bribery and criminality remain high.

Understand that there are many lords of war and perpetrators of crime in Somalia who will try to abduct a foreign national and take him or her hostage. Whilst Somalis have a certain repute for poor road handling, the situation is a little more subtle. Especially in Mogadishu, risk is taken that is not normally taken in other places, but the local people are expecting this and compensating accordingly.

When organising your journey it is recommended that you are escorted by rented Somalian gunmen or bringing a bodyguard, but you are nevertheless at extreme peril from the problems mentioned above. WARNUNG: Travelers travelling with GGBT should keep away from Somalia, as homosexuals are unlawful and perpetrators may face sentences ranging from three month to three years.

North Somaliland should be particularly avoidable as the punishment for gay violence is deaths. There' are many great photography options around every nook and cranny (the usual answer is what you omit from every picture), but when you photograph someone, you should always ask first. You must show due regard to the Muslim faith of the somalian people:

It' perfectly reasonable for every nation to dress in somalian attire. And since they are not associated with any kind of Sharia rights violations, they do not have to obey any kind of legislation per se, they will be free to penalize any dismissive behaviour as they wish, often through flogging, amputation or even execution.

Governments also penalize Sharia offences, but these are usually less severe than those committed by rebels. Drinking and drinking is forbidden in Somalia and possession of alcoholic beverages will get you into great difficulty - and never drinking and driving. When you dine with a Somalian, do not subject him/her the bottom of your legs.

And if your Somalian boyfriend is insisting on getting you something - a food or a present - leave him alone! The Somalis are very welcoming and normally there are no conditions for this. Somalis who have been studying abroad will not appreciate it and the door will shut for you. Simply realize that most Somalis are used to it and relish it as part of the culture you have.

Rigidity is widespread in Somalia; men, boys and girls are probably just looking at you because you are a stranger, especially when you are travelling out of seasons and in remote places. ATTENTION: Somalis may be carrying weapons. Like any trip in a conflict area, utmost care must be taken. Because of their Muslim legacy, many Somalis are wearing long clothes known in the Arabian and Muslim world as khameez/thobe.

Over the past few years, many men in Somalia have chosen to look more contemporary in suit and tie. It is a westerly clothing policy that prevails among the members of the somalian elite and the state. It' s customary for Somalian men to go together as a token of Platoism, but it would be imprudent for men from abroad to try the same thing.

Mogadishu, and several other metropolitan areas, have been equipped with mobile phone networks. It is possible to make calls from Mogadishu via satellit. Mogadishu offers easy online accessibility by a visit to one of the cafés. The Somali has the lowest mobile tariffs on the mainland, with some businesses demanding less than the value of US cents per second.

Rival telephone operators have reached agreement on connection codes mediated by the United Nations-funded Somali Telecom Association. There are wireless services and cybercafés available, but keep in mind that the. so top level domains do not work in Somalia. There' s only one West German consulate in Mogadishu - the British consulate at Mogadishu International Airport, whose office currently consists of tailor-made sea-container.

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