Sinhagiriya or Sigiriya is an ancient rock fortress in the northern Matale District near the city of Dambulla in the central province, Sri Lanka. The Sigiriya is one of Sri Lanka's most valuable historical monuments. The enigmatic promontory of Sigiriya, which rises dramatically from the central plains, is perhaps Sri Lanka's most dramatic sight. The Sigiriya is the most exquisite example of ancient Sri Lankan art, architecture and landscape design.

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Both Lal Srinivas and Mirando Obesekara described Sigiriya as a posthistoric archaeological turning point in Ravana. Sigiriya is the Alakamandava (the city of the gods), which was erected 50 hundred years ago by King Kubera, the half-brother of Ravana (Ravan), as described in the Ramayanaya.

After the Palm Leaf Book (Puskola Potha) by Ravana Watha (About Ravana), the Sigiriya was designed by a character named Maya Danava. Sigiriya was established by order of King Visthavasa (Vesamuni), the sire of Ravana. The Sigiriya was named Alakamandava during this time, and Cithranakuta during the time of King Kuwera.

When Ravana died, Vibeeshana became emperor and moved the empire to Kelaniya. Sigiriya's surroundings may have been populated in pre-historic time. Clear proof exists that the many stone huts and caverns in the area were already filled by Buddha religious and ascetic people from the third cent. BC.

Early proof of Sigiriya's settlement is the Aligala Protectorate just south of Sigiriya which indicates that the area was inhabited almost five thousand years ago during the Mesolithic. Monastery Buddha villages were built in the third millennium BC on the west and north sides of the rocky hill around Sigiriya cliff.

During this time several huts or caverns were built. In the vicinity of the stalactites on many of the lodgings there are lettering on the rocks documenting the gift of the lodgings to the monks' order of Buddhism as a residence. They were built between the 3. cent. b.o.c. and the 1. years.

Kashyapa, in 477 AD, the king's progeny, conquered the Dhatusena empire after a putsch with the support of Migara, the king's grandson and commanding officer of the Armed Forces. Fearing an assault by Moggallana, Kashyapa relocated the city and its residency from the historic center of Anuradhapura to safer Sigiriya.

Under King Kashyapa's rule (477 to 495 AD) Sigiriya was extended into a highly complicated town and fort. 1 ][2] Most of the lavish buildings on and around the top of the cliff, such as fortifications, palaces und parks, date from this time. Culavamsa described King Kashyapa as the child of King Dhatusena.

Kazhyapa killed his fathers by bricking him in with life and then seizing the seat of his half-brother Moggallana, Dhatusena's real queen'sborn. He escaped Kashyapa's assassination in India, but swore to avenge. Pending the unavoidable arrival of Moggallana, Kashyapa is said to have erected his castle on the top of Sigiriya both as a fort and a castellan.

Eventually Moggallana came, waged against Kashyapa in 495 AD. We are told by the Culavamsa and the Folk that the fighting infantry on which Kashyapa was installed has altered course to take benefit of a tactical position, but the military has interpreted the move wrongly, as the Emperor has decided to withdraw, which has led the military to give him up completely.

The city was brought back to Anuradhapura by Moggallana, who turned Sigiriya into a monastic complex of Buddhism[4] that existed until the thirteenth or fourteenth cent. At the end of this time, Sigiriya was not recorded until the sixteenth and seventeenth c., when it was briefly used as an advanced post of the kingdom of Kandy. Alternate tales have the main constructor of Sigiriya as King Dhatusena, with Kashyapa completing the work in honor of his sire.

There are other tales describing Kashyapa as a play-boy queen, with Sigiriya his mistress. 1831 Major Jonathan Forbes of the UK Army's 1978th Highlanders, when he returned from a journey to Pollonnuruwa, met the "bush-covered peak of Sigiriya". 6 ] Sigiriya became known to antique dealers and later to archeologists.

The archeological work in Sigiriya began on a small-scale in the 1890'. H.C.P. Bell was the first archeologist to carry out comprehensive research on Sigiriya. Sigiriya was the focus of the cultural triangle initiated by the Sri Lankan government in 1982. As part of this subproject, archeological work began on the town.

The Sigiriya is an old fortress, founded by King Kashyapa in the fifth c... On the Sigiriya site there are the remains of an old top castle on the rocky top, a central patio with the Lion Gate and the frescoed mirrors, the lower buildings behind the lush lower garden and ditches and city walls that guarded the fortress.

It was both a castle and a fortification. At the top of the cliff, the top building contains reservoirs hewn into the cliff. 9 ] The pictures would have occupied most of the west wall, an area of 140 meters long and 40 meters high. Other frescos, which differ from those on the cliff face, can be seen elsewhere, e.g. on the roof of the so-called "Cobra Hood Cave".

Though the frescos are classed as Anuradhapura, the art form is unique;[10] the line and the way the pictures are used differ from the Anuradhapura work. Others of the Anuradhapura era have similar beginnings in their work, but do not have the sketch-like line of the Sigiriya stile with a pronounced artistic bound.

Initially this walls was so mirror finished that the emperor could see himself as he went along it. Comes to see Sigiriya with a hundred folks. "Sigiriya is one of the most important parts of the complex as it is one of the oldest landscape parks in the whole state.

They are subdivided into three different but interconnected forms: aquatic parks, caving and bouldering parks and patio-grodens. You can see the aquatic parks in the centre of the west district. There are three main parks here. There is a large property in the first part of the house, surrounding the house with plenty of fresh air. It is one of the oldest preserved examples of an old shape of vegetable tree known as the Chagh.

Subterranean pipes provide supplies for these wells, which are still in working order, especially in the wet seasons. There are two large islets on both sides of the second aquatic park. On the flatter areas of these isles, there will be a number of buildings. This islets are similar to the islets in the first aquatic park.

Situated on an east-west route, the aquatic parks are symmetrical. It is linked to the external ditch in the western part and the large man-made pond in the southern part of Sigiriyaska. There is a small aquatic park to the western side of the first aquatic park, which consists of several small basins and stream.

After the Kashyapan era, possibly between the tenth and thirteenth cent. There are several large rocks that are connected by meandering paths. From the north to the south sides of the Sigiris Hill.

Terrace backyards are shaped from the nature at the foot of Sigiriya Mountain. There are a number of balconies, from the paths of the Bouldergarten to the stairwells on the cliff. They have been built by the building of brickwalls and are situated in an approximately concentrated plane around the crag.

There is a lime stone stairway that leads through the patio garden. A roofed walkway leads from this stairway on the side of the cliff to the top deck, where the Löwentreppe is located. The Fountains of Paradise, a sci-fi novel by Arthur C. Clarke, uses Sigiriya as the setting for many episodes, although Clarke has altered the book's name to Yakkagala ("Demon Rock").

Gabiriya is cited as a dream city in T.D. Ramakrishnan's novel Sugandhi Enna Aandal Devanayaki. Skip to top: a to Ponnamperuma, Senani (2013). Sigiriya's story. Skip high to: a bandaranayake, senaka; Aramudala, Madhyama Sa?skr?tika (2005). Sigiriya: city, palace, gardens, monasteries, painting. Highjump ^ Kazun, Buddhika (October 19, 2017).

"or Chithrakuta or Sigiriya at the moment." Skip up ^ "The Sigiriya Story". Hop up ^ Forbes, Jonathan. High ^ "Sigiriya - The Stronghold in the Sky". Leap up ^ "Sigiriya: the most dramatic place in South Asia". High up ^ "Sigiriya Frescoes, Sri Lanka". Jumping up ^ "Sigiriya Mirror Wall, Sri Lanka".

Hip up ^ S. Paranavitana, Sigiri Graffiti. Platform up ^ Mirror Wall Translation Archives on August 10, 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Hip up ^ Ponnamperuma, Senani. "Sigiriya or Simhagiri". Sigiriya's story. Sigiriya's story, by Senani Ponnamperuma (ISBN 978-0-9873451-1-0; ISBN 978-0-9873451-4-1;). Sigiriya, by Senake Bandaranayake (ISBN 978-955-631-146-4).

History of Sigiriya, by Professor Senerath Paranavitana. The Wikimedia Commons has Sigiriya coverage.

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