The Shwezigon

Shwezigon Pagoda or Shwezigon Paya (?????

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The Shwezigon Pagoda - Impressive gold-plated bagan pagoda

Shwezigon is one of Bagan's oldest and most imposing memorials. The most striking is the giant gilded shimmering gilded cloak. Shwezigon pagodas have been imitated severalimitated throughout Burma over the years. Since the building of the Stupa in 1090, several chests and temples have been added to the area.

It is an important place of Buddhism because the marble contains a number of holy buddhistic relicts. Shwezigon in Burma's calendar's 9th calendar (December) is attracting tens of thousand fans. At nightfall, the marvellous light of the floodlights illuminates the place, giving it a mystic ambience.

Shwezigon was destroyed by several quakes, among them the great earthquake of 1975, but has been rebuilt since then. Shwezigon Pagoda was constructed by King Anawrahta, who in 1044 established the Kingdom of Bagan. When a Thaton Kingdom friar turned the king into Theravada Buddhism, the Solid Knights of Bagan Plain Temples campaigns began.

Anawrahta, the king, constructed the pit to worship several Buddha relicts, among them a copy of the holy dental reliquary of Kandy in Sri Lanka. The place where the cemetery was to be constructed was selected, according to tradition, by a large black bull with the reliquary on its back. The building began around 1059, the marquee was finished at the end of the eleventh cent.

It is located in the middle of a large plateau, around which several other chests and couples have been made. Situated on a quadratic pedestal, the bell-shaped, fully gold-plated motif is about 49 metres long. There is a large gold Leo at the foot of each corner of the cloakroom.

There are three declining patios on the pedestal. At the top of the pavilion is a heti, an umbrella-shaped tower adornment that can be found on almost every Myanmar sermon. The four sides of the podium have a staircase protected by Makaras (marine beings from Hindu mythology) that leads to the top of the terrace.

The King Anawrahta had the pictures of the 37 most revered Nats placed on the lower patios of the Shwezigon Pod. On all four sides of the pit opposite the stairs to the third patio is a gazebo with a large Buddha picture from the twelfth cent.

The two columns with mon-lingual text from the end of the 11th c. tell the early story of the Shwezigon Puagoda. Shwezigon is encircled on each side by a 230 metre long barrier with an entrance on all four sides. There is a long roofed path with salesmen leading to the cloakroom.

In the course of the century after the building of the palace, several other monuments were added to the Templesplex. Some of the temples are covered with pyatthate, an elaborately ornate Myanmar rooftop of several recolonis. A Sikhara, a tower-like building from northern India, has been built over several monuments.

In contrast to the Sikhara of the Ananda-Temples, which is one of the most famous symbols of Bagan, these are not gold plated. It also contains a small white painted marble motif and several textures in which Buddha pictures are anchored.

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