Officially Seoul is the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea. Discover the holidays in Seoul and discover the best times and places to visit. The capital of South Korea is Seoul (??).

Are you looking for the best things you can do in Seoul? Don't miss Lotte World or the Nami Island day trip when you visit Seoul!

class="mw-headline" id="Etymologie">Etymologie[edit]

Today, Seoul is regarded as a premier and emerging metropolis, emerging from a Southern Korea booming business environment named Wunder am Han River, which, with a 2014 GNP of $845.9 billion[18], made it the world's fourth biggest urban nation after Tokyo, New York and Los Angeles in 2014.

As a rule, AREX allows Seoul' internationals to get to Seoul from Incheon lnternational Airports, which has been voted the best destination by the Airports Council lately (2005-2013). By 2015, Arcadis ranked it as the most liveable Asian town with the second-highest standard of living in the world, and Seoul's per-capita GDP (PPP) was US$39,786.

Seoul' s residents are facing a high standard of living for which the town was the world' s sixth largest in 2017. 19 ][20][21] With large technological centers in Gangnam and Digital Media City[22], the Seoul Capital Area is home to the head office of 15 Fortune Global 500 corporations, among them Samsung,[23] LG and Hyundai.

As one of the five top host cities for international conference events, the city, which ranks number six in the World Power City Index and the World Financial Centres Index, has a strong impact on world politics. In Seoul, they host the 1986 Asian Games, the 1988 Summer Olympics, the 2002 FIFA World Cup and most recently the 2010 G-20 in Seoul.

Goryeo, who took the place of Unified Silla in the eleventh c., constructed a Southern Cape style holiday home in Seoul. Only in this time Seoul became a bigger town. When Joséon Goryeo took over, the capitol was transferred to Seoul (also known as Hanyang or Hanseong), where it stayed until the collapse of the family.

31 ] After Joseon had renamed herself the Korean Empire in 1897, Hwangseong also named Seoul. It hosted the 1986 Asian Games, the 1988 Summer Olympics and the 2002 Football World Cup. It is located in the north-west of South Korea.

The Seoul region itself includes 605. Three kingdoms of Korea tried to take power over this country, where the Danube was used as a trading channel to China (via the Yellow Sea). 45 ] The tributary of the Rio is no longer used for shipping, since its mouth lies on the border of the two Koreas and civil immigration is prohibited.

During the Joseon period, the Joseon Empire, the historical boundary of the town was the Seoul Fortress Wall, which extended between the four major hills in the centre of Seoul: There are eight mountain ous areas bordering the town, as well as the flatter areas of the Han Plains and the west. Seoul is a very multicentric town due to its geographical location and economical policy of developing.

In the Joseon period, the area that was the old main town, mainly comprising the Jongno District and the Young District, is the historic and civic centre of the town. In 2016, South Korea was 173 out of 180 nations in 173 places in the world in respect of ambient air was. Over 50 per cent of the population in South Korea are subject to hazardous concentrations of particulate matter.

The Seoul is subdivided into 25 Gu (Hangul: ?; Hanja: ?) (district). Each gulette's administration performs many of the duties performed by municipalities in other jurisdiction. Seoul' s Gu consists of a grand aggregate of 423 admin donations (???). It is known for its almost twice as high demographic concentration as New York and eightfold larger than Rome.

In 2012, its conurbation was the OECD's most populous in Asia and the second largest in the global population after Paris. 78 ] The main vendors have their headquarters in the town, among them Samsung, LG, Hyundai, Kia and SK. Among the most important are Jinro, whose soy is the world's best-selling alcohol and defeats Smirnoff vodka;[80] the best-selling brewers, Hite (merged with Jinro) and Oriental Brewery.

81 ] It also houses grocery stores such as Seoul Dairy Cooperative, Nongshim Group, Ottogi, CJ, Orion, Maeil Holdings, Namyang Dairy Products and Lotte. In Seoul, there is a large cluster of the head office of multinational corporations and banking institutions, with 15 listed corporations on the 500 listed Samsung, LG and Hyundai. Most of the banking centers and the Korean Exchange are situated in Yeouido (Yeoui Island),[78] which is often referred to as "Korea's Wall Street" and has served as the city's finance hub since the 1980s.

83 ] The Seoul & SIFC MALL Financial Centre, buildings Seoul & SIFC 63, the headquarters of the Banhwa Group. The Insadong is the arts and crafts of Seoul, where it sells works of Japanese tradition and contemporary Korea such as painting, sculpture and stenography. 88 ][89] In Samcheong-dong, where there are many small artistic galeries, some stores have opened for them.

Whereas Itaewon had supplied mainly overseas tourist and US soldier bases in the town, the Koreans today make up the largest part of visitor in the region. 90 ] The Gangnam area is one of the wealthiest districts in Seoul[90] and is known for the stylish and sophisticated Apgujeong-dong and Cheongdam-dong areas as well as the COEX Mall.

The Korea World Fair Centre complex, consisting of COEX Mall, Convention Centre, 3 intercontinental hostels, Commercial Towers (Asem Tower), Residence Inn, Casino and Cityeaven Airport Terminal, was founded in 1988 in good time for the Olympic Games in Seoul. Seoul' s Olympic Stadion as MICE HUB by Seoul is planned by the 2. World Trade Fair Centre.

Seoul, one of the world's leading providers of wireless LAN connections, is the South Korean capitol with the world's highest fiber optics wideband coverage and the highest worldwide mean wireless speed of 26.1 Mbps. 97 ][98] Since 2015, Seoul has offered free Wi-Fi outside Wi-Fi through a 47.7 billion won ($44 million) residential development program with Wi-Fi in 10,430 park, street and other places.

It is also serviced by the KTX high-speed railway and the Seoul Unterway, which provides 4G LTE, WiFi and DMB in metro coaches. The 5G will be launched for commercial purposes in Seoul in March 2019. Seoul' s historic centrepiece is the old Joseon town, now the centre of the capital where most buildings, governments, headquarters, hotel and market buildings are sited.

Bells signalled the different hours of the night and checked the four main doors of the town. The Buchan Mountain is located at the northern end of the inner town, and the smaller Namsan at the southern end. Farther southwards are the old outskirts, the Yongsan District and the Mapo District. Municipal development was a pivotal idea when Seoul was first conceived as the capitol in the latter part of the fourteenth centuries.

Joseon The Joseon Synasty erected the "Five Great Palaces" in Seoul - Changdeokgung, Changgyeonggung, Deoksugung, Gyeongbokgung and Gyeonghuigung - all situated in the Jongno and Jung districts. In 1997, Changdeokgung was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List as an "outstanding example of Far East castle architectural and landscape design".

In Seoul, ramparts were erected to accommodate tourists from other areas and provide shelter in the event of an infiltration. Another earth rampart, Mongchon Toseong (Hangul: ????; Hanja: ????), was erected during the Baekje era and is now in the Olympic Park. 32 ] The fortress of Seoul was erected at the beginning of the Joseon family in order to defend the town.

Among these gateways are Sungnyemun and Heunginjimun, generally known as Namdaemun (Southern Great Gate) and Dongdaemun (Eastern Great Gate). The Seoul Station was opened in 1900 as Gyeongseong Station. Different multi-storey offices and apartment blocks like Gangnam Finance Center, Tower Palace, Namsan Seoul Tower and Lotte World Tower are dominating the cityscape.

Lotte World Tower is the highest structure with a 555 metre high. In April 2017 it was made available to the general public. 2. Seoul World Trade Center in Gangnam District houses various exhibitions and conventions. Behind Gangnam District is Yeouido, an isle with the National Assembly, large radio stations and a number of large offices as well as the Korea Finance and Yoido Full Gospel Church.

Olympiastadion, Olympiapark and Lotte Welt are situated in the Songpa District, on the southern side of the Han River, upriver from Gangnam District. Seoul' s three new contemporary emblems are Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park, created by Zaha Hadid, Seoul' s new undulating City Hall, Yoo Kerl of iArc, and Lotte Tower, the fifth highest tower in the word, created by Kohn Pederson Fox.

There are 115 musea in Seoul,[108] of which four are domestic and nine are urban. Among the city's major public collections, The Korea Nation is the most prestigious not only in Seoul, but throughout South Korea. Founded in 1945, the Imperial Palace Historic Center has accumulated a total of 220,000 pieces.

109 ] In October 2005, the body of the body was sick into a new structure in Yongsan Family Park. Set on the site of the Gyeongbokgung Palace in the Jongno County, the National Ethnic Museums show the popular story of the Koreans through reproductions of historic artefacts. 110 ] The National Palace of Korea is also housed on the site of the Gyeongbokgung Palace.

In 2013, the National Musuem of Contemporary and Contemporary Art in Seoul, whose headquarters are in Gwacheon, opened in Sogyeok-dong. Both the Seoul and Ilmin museums have retained the look of the old structure, which is optically distinct from the adjacent high, contemporary one.

of Seoul and borders on the Gyeonghuigung Palast, a king's palace of the Joséon family. Leeum, Samsung Musuem of Art, is considered one of the biggest museums in Seoul. Korea Movie Archive operates the Korea Movie Archive and Cinematheque KOFA for many Koreans from all over the globe at its headquarters in Digital Media City (DMC), Sangam-dong.

Tteok & Kitchen Utensil Museum and Kimchi Field Museum inform about the cultural heritage of Korea. As the Joseon family in the fourteenth centuries adopted Confucianism as their own nation's ideal, the state constructed many of its shrines. The Hwagyesa and Bongeunsa are also important Buddha churches in Seoul. It' a Catholic icon in Korea.

In spite of the dense urban fabric, Seoul has a large number of public gardens. Namsan is one of the best-known themeparks, offering leisure walks and a view of the inner cityscape of Seoul. N Seoul Tower is situated in Namsan Parc. The Olympic Gardens of Seoul, situated in the Songpa district and constructed for the 1988 Summer Olympics, is the biggest Olympic Gardens in Seoul.

Other major park areas in the town include Seoul Forest, Dream Forest, Children's Grand Park and Haneul Park. Cheonggyecheon, a brook that flows almost 6 km through the centre of Seoul, is loved by locals and visitors alike. The Seoullo 7017 Skypark was opened in 2017 and extends across Seoul Station in a diagonal direction.

Seoul National Capital Area also includes a landscaped zone to prevent the town from spreading to the neighbouring province of Gyeonggi. A number of different theme park projects are under development, such as the Gyeongui Line Forest Trail, Seoul Station 7017, Seosomun Memorial and Yongsan Forests. In Seoul you will also find the biggest in-door theme-park in the world, Lotte Welt.

Further recreational centres are the former Olympic and World Cup arenas as well as the town hall's grass. The city of Seoul is an important centre for sport in South Korea. South Korea has the highest number of Seoul' s top sporting professionals and institutions. The Asian Games 1986, also known as the Asian Games, the 1988 Olympic Games and the Paralympic Games were held in Seoul.

She was also one of the hosts of the 2002 FIFA Women's Football Championship? At the Seoul stadium, the Seoul Cup opened and the first match of the competition was played. Seoul is the home of Kukkiwon, the Daekwondo Centre and the Federation of the Korean People.

Seoul' s most famous soccer team is FC Seoul. There is a well-developed transport system in Seoul. The system goes back to the time of the Korean Empire, when the first tram routes were installed and a railway line between Seoul and Incheon was made. 120 ] Seoul's main tram line ran along Jongno until it was superseded by line 1 of the metro in the early 1970s.

Euljiro, Tehranno, Sejongno, Chungmuro, Yulgongno and Toegyero are other remarkable roads in town. Seoul' s public transport system is run by the Seoul Metropolitan Government (S.M.G.), with four main public transport systems serving most of the town. There are many large Intercity/Express stations in Seoul. Seoul is connected to towns all over South Korea by these busses.

Seoul Express Bus Station, Central City Terminal and Seoul Nambu Terminal are situated in Seocho County. Furthermore, the East Seoul bus station in Gwangjin County and the Sangbong terminal in Jungnang County handle traffic mainly from Gangwon and Chungcheong Pref. There are 21 suburban rail, subway and commuter routes in Seoul, connecting each neighborhood and the neighboring areas of Incheon, Gyeonggi County, Gangwon County in the west, and Chungnam County in the north.

The metro has one of the heaviest metro networks in the globe with more than 8 million daily users and the biggest in the globe with a combined length of 940 km (580 mi). To deal with the different means of transportation, the city council of Seoul is employing several economists to co-ordinate the timetables for metro, buses and transportation in one schedule.

Korail, Seoul Metro, NeoTrans Co. operate the different routes. AREX, and Seoul Metro Line 9 Corporation. There is a railway connection between Seoul and every larger southern town. It is also served by the KTX high-speed trains, which have a standard operating rate of more than 300 km/h (186 mph).

Seoul is served by two major internationals, Incheon and Gimpo. Both Incheon and Gimpo are connected to Seoul via the highway and Seoul Station via AREX. In Seoul, the main South Korean renowned institutions include Seoul National University, Yonsei University, Korea University, Sogang University, Sungkyunkwan University, Hanyang University, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Chungang University, Kyunghee University, University of Seoul, Ewha Womans University, Hongik University, Konkuk University, Dongguk University, Sejong University, Soongsil University, Kookmin University, Hongik University, and many more.

There are several specialised colleges in Seoul, among them three natural sciences high school ( Hansung Simon High School, Sejong Simon High School and Seoul Simon High School) and six languages high school ( Daewon foreign high school, Daeil strange high school, Ewha Girls' strange high school, Hanyoung strange high school, Myungduk strange high school and Seoul strange high school).

The Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education umfasst 235 College-Preparatory High Schools, 80 Berufsschulen, 377 Middle Schools und 33 Special Education Schools (Stand 2009)[update]. It is a Seoul ist Mitglied des Asian Network of Major Cities 21 und der C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group. Seoul is also home to many ambassadors from those states with which it has close relations.

Before 1972, Seoul was the de jure capitol of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), as defined in Article 103 of the 1948 Constitutional Treaty. Seoul Statistics (Land Area). The Seoul Metropolitan Government. Seoul' s Icons. The Seoul Metropolitan Government. <font color="#ffff00" size=14> ; Les 10 villes les plus riches du monde en termes de PIB.

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According to one study, 1.3 billion vulnerable persons to bad ambient conditions were living in eastern Asia, with more than 50 per cent of the population in South Korea and China facing hazardous particulate matter. South Korea Environmental Performance Index Development. "KORYO is struggling with increasing public health threats from particulate matter."

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