San MarinoMarino San
no]), official the Republic of San Marino (Italian: Repubblica di San Marino), also known as the quietest Republic of San Marino (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is an encapsulated micro-state encircled by Italy, located on the peninsula of Italy on the north-eastern side of the Apennine Mountains.
It is a little over 61 square kilometres and has 33,562 inhabitants. San Marino is the capitol and Serravalle is the biggest town. The smallest populace of any member of the Council of Europe is San Marino. Measured by per capita GNP, it is one of the richest economies in the globe, with a level similar to the most advanced EU economies.
The San Marino region is regarded as a very robust economic system with one of the lowes levels of joblessness in Europe, no public indebtedness and a budgetary overhang. Today's Republic was officially founded on 3 September 301. Throughout the later stages of Italy's reunification processes in the nineteenth centuries, San Marino provided sanctuary for many of those who had been prosecuted for their aid to reunification.
Recognising this assistance, Giuseppe Garibaldi agreed to San Marino's wish not to be admitted to the new state. Between 1923 and 1943 San Marino was under the dominion of the Sammarinese Fascist Party (PFS). The PFS rules broke down three and a half years after the overthrow of Benito Mussolini in Italy and the new administration proclaimed impartiality in the war.
Nevertheless, San Marino was attacked by the Royal Air Force on June 26, 1944 in the conviction that San Marino had been overwhelmed by enemy troops and had been used to collect business and shells. 17 ] San Marino took in thousand of civil fugitives when the allied armed force crossed the Gothic line.
In September 1944 it was briefly invaded by a group of Germans who were vanquished by the Allies at the Battle of San Marino. In 1988 San Marino became a member of the Council of Europe and in 1992 of the United Nations. Neither it is a member of the European Union nor of the Eurozone, although it uses the Eurozone as its monetary area.
The Captains Regent are both leaders and leaders, and there is a pluralistic multi-party system. Law-making powers lie with both the governments and the Grand and General Councils. The Arengo, who were composed first of all of the chiefs of the individual families, were the original leaders of San Marino.
It was in the thirteenth and thirteenth centuries that the Great and General Councils were given authority. 1243 the first two Captains Regent were appointed by the council. Legislative authority of the Republika is the Grand and General Council (Consiglio grand en generale). It is a single-chamber law with 60 members. Those counties (townships) represent the old vicarages of the Rep.
In addition to general legislative provisions, the Grand Council and the General Council approve the General Assembly's budgets and elect the captains' regents, the State Congress (consisting of tenecutive secretaries), the Council of Twelve (which constitutes the Judiciary during the Council's term of office), the Consultative Commissions and the Government Federations.
It also has the authority to sign agreements with other States. There are five different consultative commissions in the Board, made up of fifteen members who consider, suggest and debate the transposition of new legislation on its way to presentation to the full Board. Two Captains Regent are elected head of state by the board every six-monthly.
Captain Regent's inauguration is held every year on 1 April and 1 October. Having two leaders like the Rome consuls, who were elected in numerous polls, is a direct result of the custom of the Roman Republic. This council is equal to the Senate of Rome; the regent of the Captains, the consuls of antique Rome.
It is a multi-party democracy. In 2008, a new electoral code lifted the thresholds for the entry of small parliamentary groups into parliament, prompting the various popular groups to organize themselves into two alliances: the Right Pact for San Marino, under the leadership of the Christian-Democratic Party of San Marino, and the Reforms and Freedoms of the left, under the leadership of the Socialist and Democrat party, a fusion of the Socialist San Marino and former Democrat Municipalities.
Legislative elections in 2008 were won by the San Marino Pact with 35 Grand and General Council votes against reforms and freedom with 25 votes. than any other country: Fifteen from October 2014, three of which have been serving twice. As regards the juridical vocation, although there is the Order of Lawyers and Notaries of the Republic of San Marino [Ordine degli Avvocati en Notai dilla Repubblica di San Marino], there is no clear evidence of how population groups, such as females, have behaved in the jurisdiction.
The town of San Marino is subdivided into the following nine communes known collectively as Castelli: The city of San Marino (San Marino, official city of San Marino) is the main city. Dogana is the biggest village of the republic and it is not an independent castle but part of the Serravalle castle.
There are 43 parishes in the French République which are referred to as currencies (It: curazie): The San Marino armed services are among the smallest in the can. Policemen are not part of the San Marino armed services. Situated in the centre of the San Marino armies, the Crossbow Corps is now a solemn power of about 80 people.
Guard of the Rock is a frontline force of the San Marino Army, a state frontier police force in charge of surveillance and defence of the frontiers. As guardians of the fortress, they are in charge of the Palazzo Pubblico in San Marino City, the headquarters of the Spanish federal state.
Founded in 1740, the Guard of the Great and General Council, generally known as the Guard of the Council or local "Guard of the Nobles," is a voluntary entity with honorary functions. Because of its distinctive blues, whites and golden uniforms, it is perhaps the best known part of the Sammarin Army and is featured on innumerable postcards of the country.
It is the duty of the Council Guard to safeguard the captains' regents and to safeguard the Great Council and the General Council during its official meetings. Although this unity is still the main combat strength of the San Marino military, it is largely ceremony. The fact that many of the Sammarinesen are members of the army is a source of citizen pride, and all those who have lived in the country for at least six years have the right to register.
In formal terms this is part of the army militia and is the commemorative chapel of San Marino. Army ensemble musical accompaniment to most state events in the country. Founded in 1842, the San Marino Gendarmerie is a militarized criminal justice service. Throughout the San Marino Army the whole San Marino force relies on the cooperation of full-time staff and their dedicated (volunteer) counterparts known as Corpi Militari Volontari or Voluntary Militär Force.
San Marino, although not a member of the European Union, may, after consultation with the Council of the European Union, use the single European currency in its operations; it also receives the right to use its own design on the domestic side of it. The per capita GNP and standards of San Marino are similar to those of Italy.
Mainly San Marino is importing basic food from Italy. The San Marino stamp, which is applicable to postal items in the state, is usually bought by stamp collectors and is an important revenue-generator. It is a member of the Small European Postal Administration Cooperation. In San Marino, the corporation charge is 19%.
1972 A system of value added taxes was set up in Italy and implemented in San Marino under the 1939 Friend's Agreement. Furthermore, a duty has been imposed on imports to be collected by San Marino. Up to 1996, goods produced and marketed in San Marino were not indirectly taxed.
San Marino is continuing to apply duties corresponding to an entry tariff to imports under the European Union tariff treaty. Since 1862, San Marino and Italy have concluded conventions which prescribe some commercial activity in the area of San Marino. In San Marino, the growing of tobaccos and the manufacture of goods under the Italian state control are prohibited.
Importing directly is prohibited: all goods that come from a third person must pass through Italy before they reach the state. While it is permitted to imprint its own postage stamp, San Marino may not mintage its own money and is required to use the Italian medal. There are no paperwork at the frontier with Italy.
The city of San Marino has a total of 33,000 inhabitants, 4,800 of whom are foreigners, most of whom are nationals of Italy. A further 12,000 Sammarines are living abroad (5,700 in Italy, 3,000 in the USA, 1,900 in France and 1,600 in Argentina). De Angelis (born 1984 in San Marino) is world champion in motorbike races.
The state of San Marino is predominantly Catholic - over 97% of the populace professes Catholicism, but Catholicism is not an accepted religious name. In San Marino there is no bishop's seat, although his name is part of the present bishop's name. From a historical point of view, the different San Marino churches were split between two different archdioceses, mainly in the diocese of Montefeltro and partially in the diocese of Rimini.
1977 the boundary between Montefeltro and Rimini was realigned so that the whole of San Marino became part of the Montefeltro area. Montefeltro-San Marino Archbishop lives in Pennabilli, in the Italian town of Pesaro e Urbino. Until 1977, the historical San Marino-Montefeltro bishopric was the historical one.
The present archdiocese covers all the San Marino churches. Since 1988 there has officially been an Apostles' nunciature in the French Republic, but it belongs to the nuncius in Italy. In San Marino there has been a Jew for at least 600 years. The first reference to the Jews in San Marino comes from the end of the fourteenth centuries, in legal records documenting the Jews' commercial activity.
Lots of papers from the fifteenth to seventeenth century describe what Jews did and the existence of a religious congregation in San Marino. It has 220 km of streets in the state, with the San Marino Highway as the major one. San Marino has no airport, but there is a small runway in Torraccia and an airport in Borgo Maggiore.
The majority of travellers arriving by plane end up at the Federico Fellini International Airport near the town of Rimini, then they make the transfers by coach. There are two streams flowing through San Marino, but there is no big sea transportation, no harbor or dock. There is a restricted amount of local transportation in San Marino. Between Rimini and the town of San Marino there is a frequent coach network that is appreciated by both tourist and worker travellers from Italy to San Marino.
These services stop at about 20 places in Rimini and San Marino, with its two termini at Rimini train and bus stations in San Marino. In the Republic there are seven authorised cab companies and regular services are provided by Italy to San Marino by means of cabs transporting persons collected on Italy's soil.
A 1.5 km long cable car connects the city of San Marino on Monte Titano with Borgo Maggiore, a large city in the French République with the second biggest populace of all the Samaritan settlements. Today there is no railroad in San Marino, but for a brief time before the Second World War there was a small narrow-gauge railroad named Ferrovia Rimini-San Marino that linked the land to the Rimini railroads.
Due to the difficulty of access to the main city, San Marino with its hilltop, it was intended to build the terminal railway in Valdragone, but a sharp and twisty path with many galleries was added to access the city. San Marino's three towers are situated on the three summits of Monte Titano in the city.
You can see them on the flag of San Marino as well as on the crest. Università degli Studi do Repubblica di San Marino (University of the Republic of San Marino) is the principal institution, which owns the Scuola Superiore di Studi Storici di San Marino (Higher School of Historical Studies), a prestigious research and training center of excellence in the world, run by an internationally renowned scientific committee co-ordinated by Prof. Luciano Canfora.
Further information about the International Academy of Sciences of San Marino (International Academy of Sciences of San Marino) and the International Academy of Sciences of San Marino. Soccer is the most favourite game in San Marino. There are three different types of sporting activity, the San Marino Basketball Federation, the San Marino Volleyball Federation, the San Marino Football Federation and the San Marino Basketball Federation.
One Formula 1 racing, the Grand Prix of San Marino, was called after the state, although it did not take place there. Instead, it took place in the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in the city of Imola, Italy, about 100 km north-west of San Marino. In 2007, the San Marino and Rimini's Coast Grand Prix was re-scheduled for 2007 at the Misano World Circuit Marco Simoncelli, as was the San Marino Superbike World Championship Tour.
San Marino will join Italy in hosting the 2019 European Under-21 Championship at the Stadio Olimpico in Serravalle. At the Olympic Games San Marino had little luck and did not win any gold medals. 4. San Marino cooking is very similar to that of Italy, especially that of the neighbouring areas of Emilia-Romagna and Marche, but it has a number of special meals and produce.
Probably best known is the Torta Tre Monti ("Cake of the Three Mountains" or "Cake of the Three Towers"), a waffle layer pie coated with cocoa representing the three towers of San Marino. San Marino: Historic Centre and Monte Titano were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2008.
It has a long and varied artistic heritage, close to that of Italy, but also very autonomous in itself. Some of the best works of this period were written in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries by writers such as Francesco Maria Marini di Pesaro. In 2014 San Marino reached its first finale with the third entry of Valentina Monetta and the track "Maybe".
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