Rangoon PortYangon Port
Port of Yangon Report - WPS
Yangon Harbour is the biggest town in Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) and was the nation's capitol from 1948 to 2006. It is situated on the Yangon River's main coast, 40 kilometres upstream from the Gulf of Martaban off the Andaman Sea.
Until 1989 Yangon was known as Rangoon, reflecting the name of the town. The Yangon port is a significant revenue stream for the port, although it has declined drastically since the 2007 outbreak of the Nargis war. More than four million persons were living in the port of Yangon in 2005.
Yangon Port is Myanmar's largest town and its trading and manufacturing centre. In spite of an undeveloped bank and communication system, the port of Yangon is the most important trading centre for goods ranging from used postcards to food. Yangon Port is also home to several areas of lightweight manufacturing, made up of 2,500 plants that create many jobs locally despite power scarcity and restrictions on the economies of the West.
Established as Dagon in the sixth century by the Mon, the old port of Yangon was a small fishermen's hamlet. King Alaungpaya captured the city in 1755 and re-named it to bring more colonists to the port of Yangon. The British took the port of Yangon during the First Anglo-Burmese Wars from 1824 to 1926, but came back to Burma after the first one.
A fire in 1841 devastated the port of Yangon. During the Second Anglo-Burmese War of 1852, the British returned to the port of Yangon and all of South Burma. During the British Empire, the port of Yangon became a centre of politics and commerce. The Yangon port was made the main town of British Burma when they captured Upper Burma during the Third Anglo-Burma War of 1885.
The commissioners for the port of Rangoon were appointed in 1880. At the end of the nineteenth century, the port of Yangon had a rapidly expanding populace, expanding trade and greater wealth. Britons built clinics and schools in the town. The port of Yangon, as a UK settlement, had many large gardens, seas and a mixture of contemporary and vernacular architectur.
" In the early twentieth century, the port of Yangon competed with the London facilities and service. At the end of the First World War, the port of Yangon became the core of the country's independent warfare. There, three nation-wide strike actions against the Brits began (1920, 1936 and 1938).
In World War II Japan invaded the port of Yangon and the port of Yangon was severely damaged. In 1948, after the Second World War, the port of Yangon became the main city of Burma, when many streets and parks were renamed to more typical Myanmar name. Yangon in 1989, although many people in Burma did not agree to the name change, the Rangoon administration decided to change the name to Yangon.
Yangon harbour has been growing since the mid twentieth century. The Board of Directors for the Port of Rangoon was founded in 1954. Around the port of Yangon, satellites have emerged until the conurbation encompasses almost 60,000ha. At the end of the twentieth century, the new army regime had a somewhat more open marketing policy, and local and international investment provided some alleviation to the port of Yangon.
Forcibly forcing many inhabitants of the inner port of Yangon into the new satellites, old houses from the colonisation era were destroyed and new skyscrapers, hostels and malls were built. The Yangon Port Authority has placed some 200 Yangon cultural heritage sites in an attempt to protect the city's past.
Myanmar Port Authority was founded in 1989. In spite of these endeavours, the port of Yangon still needs essential community amenities such as power and waste disposal. Yangon Harbour has created a Myanmar feel since gaining sovereignty. English Bureaus no longer reside in the port of Yangon after leaving the land or returning to their Myanmar past.
There were hostile demonstrations and serious massacres in the port of Yangon in 1974, 1988 and 2007, when the regime oppressed the demonstrators. Most of Yangon's port was badly affected by Cyclone Nargis in 2008 and the damage was assessed at around $800 million. At the end of 2005, the Burmese army regime unveiled a new Myanmar capitol, Naypyidaw.
Situated over 300 kilometres from Yangon harbour, the new town has seen a large part of the administration move. Nevertheless, the port of Yangon is still Myanmar's largest town and most important trading centre.