Rangoon City in IndiaYangon City in India
How important was Rangoon for India's sovereignty?
Yangon, today's "Yangon" (meaning "end of conflict") and the former Myanmar capitol were an exciting town in the Indian and Myanmar colonies. There is also a rather noteworthy and notable place in some important happenings that lead to Indian independence. First, Rangoon is very notorious for what is sometimes called the" First Independence War," the 1857 revolt.
This uprising was violently repressed by the Brits and they conquered Delhi after long and fierce wars. Bahadur Shah, then Kaiser and ointment chief of the rebellion, was taken captive by the Brits and the King's prince was slaughtered on the scene. He was banished to Rangoon, where he passed away in 1862.
Thus the great Mogul reign and its venerated fame was definitively and totally wiped out, and so began the more systematically and rigorous colonisation of India, as the colonists were anxious not to let another massive riot break out in India. Later in 1886, the British made Burma a provincial state of India and brought about far-reaching changes in the composition of the state.
So Rangoon can be seen as the symbolical end of the great Mughal reign that gave way to a revisited Indian settlement map. Second, during the Second World War - after Japan started a surprising assault on the US navy in Pearl Harbour, which quickly overtook the Philippines, Indochina, Indonesia, Malaysia and Burma.
Rangoon was invaded in March 1942 and the war was put on India's front door. Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of Britain, said to the King of Britain that Burma, Ceylon, Calcutta and Madras could find themselves in hostile hands. 3. They tried to crush the Allied troops at Imphal and invaded India, but were forced back to Burma with serious casualties.
Had this not been the case, the destiny of the subcontinent of India under the Japan invasion would have taken a whole new turn. Third, Netaji Subash Chandra Bose prepared for the reconstruction of his National Army of India (INA) at this time. After Tokyo, he told Prime Minister Tojo that Japan had no regional plans for India.
This protected India from the fear of Japan's incursion. So Bose went back to Singapore and founded the Provisional Government of Free India on October 21, 1943. Then the Provisional Government proclaimed Britain to be at arms race. S. C. Bose later founded two INA head offices in Rangoon and Singapore and began the reorganisation of INA, which in recent years has been playing an important part and has led to the company's independency.
Yangon was one of the major centers from which Bose assembled his forces by restructuring the POWs and deploying civilian workers in a straight battle against the British. Although INA's attempts to deprive the British of power and warfare over India were not met, it succeeded in kindling the Indian heart's sense of nationalism, making them believe that the British Empire was not unbeatable, as the loss to Japan in Rangoon and the resulting severity in curbing the INA menace show.
The subsequent INA detainee case became an important policy diary of the Indian National Congress against the UK and previously non-political areas and non-political groups that had adapted to the remainder of the nation in the INA process aggravation. Fourth, in the course of the fight for liberty, many liberty campaigners were either sent into exile or sent to Rangoon and Mandalay jail when the Brits found it hard to deal with them and fill an immediate void in command and suppress the local rebellion by imprisoning the celebrity leader.