Rakhine Peoples (Burmese: ???????????????, Rakhine pronunciation[??k?ài? lùmjó]; Myanmar pronunciation: The Rakhine state (formerly formally named Arakanese) is an ethnical group in Myanmar (Burma), which forms the predominant part of the coast of today's Rakhine state. Aracanese also reside in southeast Bangladesh, especially in the Chittagong Division and the Barisal Division.
One group of Akanese descendents who have lived in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh since at least the sixteenth cent. are known as the Marma or Mog tribe. Most of the Arakanesen are Theravada Buddhists and belong to the four most important Burmese groups (the others are the Bamar, Shan and Mon people).
Iraqi civilization resembles Burma's dominating civilization, but has more Hindu influences, probably because of its geographic separation from Burma's continental shelf, which is separated by the Arakan Mountains, and its close vicinity to the South Asian undercontinent. Remains vestiges of India's influences in many facets of Iraqi civilization, as well as its literary, musical and culinary traditions.
Nga Tone MunThis was the highest civilization in the bay and very wealthy with lively foreigners. Coins of bullion and bullion were used in Rakhine during this era. The second Mrauk -U15301638 Golden Mrauk consolidated by King Mun Bun (Mun Ba Gri)Rakhine peaked in this era of the nation's unification and the era of the most powerfull in the bay.
The Mrauk-U, the last empire of the sovereign Arakan, established in 1430 by King Mong Saw Mon, has become the headquarters of Buddhism and has reached the peak of the Gold Ages. The Mrauk-U was subdivided into three periods: the first ( (1430-1530), the mean one ((1531-1638) and the last one ((1638-1784)). Mrauk U's Fourteenth and Seventeenth Century Gold Day was in keeping with the times of the Tudor Magi, Moguls, Ayuthiya and Ava ( "Inwa"), Taungoo and Hanthawaddy Magi of Myanmar.
Arakan' s Nitichandra eight hundredth cent. gold medallion (British Museum). On one side most Arakan medallions had the name of the reigning sovereign and on the other side the symbol of the Lunar and Lunar and Srivatsa. Rakhine's 243 monarchs reigned Arakan for a long time of 5108 years.
Scenes of the oldest artifact, the fat monk's statue with the wording "Saccakaparibajaka Jina" in the Brahmi font, dates from the first cent. after Christ. A Nagari style old rock engraving was found by the famous archaeologist Dr. Forchhammer. Salagiri was the name of this mound where the great master came to Rakhine about two thousand five hundred years ago.
On the Salagiri Hill, this embossed statue depicts the Bengali Hindu monarch Chandra Suriya from the fourth cent. a.d.; five more reddish sand-stone plates with the carvings were found near the southern part of this Salagiri Hill in 1986. In Rakhine, these statues most likely show the rise of Buddhism; during the Buddha's life and these findings were therefore adopted as the statues of the Dyanawadi Chandra Suriya, who devoted the Great Maha Muni painting.
This archeological finds were examined by important scientists and the deduction is that the Maha Muni was made during the time of Sanda Suriya. ye domma htuppabhava / Tathagato heha / Tathagato ca y o y inrodho / Evamvadi Mahasamano. Sanskrit engravings in Brahma, Pali, Rakhine, Pyu language.
Anandachandra' s inscriptions date from 729, originating in Vesali and are now kept in Shitethaung, indicating sufficient proof of the early Buddhist ancestry. Dr. E. H. Johnston's analyses reveal a long history of queens that he believed to be trustworthy from the Chandra state. There are 72 rows of text in 51 verse which describe the ruler of Anandachandra.
Every face depicted the name and reign of every kingdom that reigned over the country before Ananandachandra. Archeology has shown that the creation of so many stony palagodas and epigraphs, which have been completely ignored for hundreds of years in various parts of Rakhine, testifies to the popularity of Buddhism.
Cuban engravings in stones document the tranquillity between the Thandaway ( "Sandoway") Mong Khari (1433-1459) and Razadhiraj the Mon Emperor in Rakhine by inscribing. The Salagiri traditions of the arrival of the Dyanyawaddy instructor were evidenced by a flagstone with the supposedly Hindu-Bengali king Chandra Suriya.
A culmination in the Rakhine story was the Buddhist Board conventions at the top of the Vesali Gold Mound under the regal auspices of King Dhammawizaya in 638 AD through the combined efforts of two lands, Rakhine and Ceylon. Thousands of Ceylon and Rakhine friars took part in this important victory of the Great Counsel.
Pyinsa was founded by the Lemro family in 818 after Vesali; the great dynastic kings (818-1430) were Kings Mim-Yin-Phru, who devoted himself to the evolution of Buddhism, and in 847 he called the second Buddha School in Rakhine, which was composed of 800 Arahants. The Rakhine records tell that the Tripitaka and Atthakatha were written and anchored on the gold table.
Since the introduction of Theravada Buddhism in Rakhine, there has never been an obstacle in this area. Extensive finds of the Ye Dhamma Vers scripture were proof in practise that Theravada was the predominant belief, if one should believe epigraphical and archeological wellsprings. Royal sponsorship has always been an important element in the stabilization and advancement of the Rakhine people.
Arakanesian chronicles report that more than six million carpets and palagodas bloomed in Mrauk-U. The Mrauk-U era is an invaluable legacy of gold and silvers. Traditions of making coinage were passed down from the time of the monarchs of Vesalia, who began minted around the fifth cent. There are the name of the reigning emperor and his crowning year on the medallion; medals before 1638 had Rakhine insciption on one side and on the other side were inscription in Persia and Nagari.
Incorporation of international engravings was intended for ease of adoption by neighboring nations and Arabian merchants. Every king who took the crown spent a coin. The other invaluable inheritances that have been donated to the safekeeping of today's Rakhine are the ramparts, gateways, settlements, monasteries, forts, garrisons and ditches.
The stony ruins of the proud manors from this time are also invaluable memories of the fame of Rakhine. Mrauk U was the pride of the Rakhine of those era. They were completely happy to be the residents of Mrauk U. The story shows what was happening in the town in the early years. It was occupied several time by the Mongols, Mon, Bamar and Portuguese and eventually in 1784, when the army under the leadership of the Crown Prince, the sons of King Bodawpaya, the Konbaung family of Burma were marching over the west Yoma and annexing Rakhine.
Rakhine's sacred relicts, especially the Mahamuni Buddha painting, were taken to the centre of Burma, where they still stand today. Rakhine's tribe defied the invasion of the empire for many years. The struggle with the Rakhine opposition, first by Nga Than Dè and then by Chin Byan in frontier areas, caused trouble between British India and Burma.
In 1826, Bamar was defeated in the First Anglo-Burmese War and Rakhine was surrendered to Britain under the Yandabo Treaty. Then Sittwe ( "Akyab") was appointed the new capitol of Rakhine. Rakhine was amalgamated with Lower Burma in 1852 as a territory-sharing area. It was the center of several uprisings that were fighting against Britain, especially under the leadership of the U Ottama and U Seinda Sisters.
Rakhine gained independence during the Second World War under the Burmese Empire's subjugation and even received its own force known as the Arakan Defense Force. Rakhine became a subdivision within the Burmese Union in 1948. The Rakhine Divison was given "state" statehood in 1974 by the new Ne Win regime, but the act was largely regarded as insignificant, as the Burmese Junior had all the powers in the land and in Rakhine.
Today's Rakhine live mainly in Rakhine State, some parts of the Ayeyarwady Division and the Yangon Division of Burma. Also in the south of Bangladesh and India only a few Rakhine live. Rakhine are a small village that lives in the coast of Patuakhali, Borguna and Cox's Bazar and emigrated to Bangladesh before the foundation of these two states.
Arakanese ( "Rakhine") has a combined populace of 2,346,000. "The Arakan History Conference." "historiophonology of the Burma and Arakanese finals.