Pyu People

People of Pyu

First known settlers in Myanmar were the Mon and Pyu, who came from Central Asia and parts of the Himalayas. More than a millennium of influence: Pyu Civilization and Ancient City States Pyu civilisation, also known as the Pyu Cities States, is an old structure in modern Myanmar (also known as Burma). Another important part of this civilization/group of states is its connection to Buddhism. Today Buddhism is one of the most important faiths in South-East Asia.

Buddhism has been practised in South East Asia such as Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia. However, the expansion of Buddhism into this area began with Myanmar/Burma, which has a boundary with India, the birth place of Buddhism. With the Pyu civilisation, Buddhism has taken its first foot in the South East Asia area.

Pyu civilisation lasted for over a thousand years, from the 3rd millenium BC to the tenth world war. Pyu civilisation city-states are situated in the central course (or arid zone) of the Irrawaddy Riviera, an important stream that runs from northern to southern Myanmar/Burma.

Presumably, these metropolitan states were established by Tibeto-Burmanic-speaking Pyu peoples when they moved from today's Yunnan provinces to the Irrawaddy valley. The Pyu city-states around the eighth AD. It was pagan for reference ( CC BY SA 3. 0), it was not up to date to the pyu-towns.

There were 18 Pyu states according to notes from the Chinese Tang Dynasty (7th to tenth century A.D.), nine of which were bricked up. However, archeological investigations have so far uncovered 12 masonry towns, five of which are large and several smaller ones, not covered by fortifications. Halin (Hanlin), Beikthano and Sri Ksetra are relatively well known of these citys.

They are famous because they were included on UNESCO's World Heritage Site in 2014 and are the first places in Myanmar/Burma to be included on this site. Though the three Pyu towns on the World Heritage Site Lists are only partly unearthed, they have provided much information about Pyu-Civilisation.

Beikthano (the burmesian name for the Hindu gods Vishnu) is the oldest of the three towns and is one of the two pyu towns (the other is Sri Ksetra), which has been dug up more than before. Halin's importance was later replaced by Sri Ksetra around the seventh or eighth centuries AD.

The first mainstay of Buddhism in South-East Asia is the impact of this faith in the antique towns of the Pyu. Most evident signs of this buddhistic impact are the sacred relics, such as the stone stupa that were erected in the Pyu towns - these are still revered today by buddhistic travellers from all over the area.

Bawbawgyiupa, Sri Ksetra, Myanmar/Burma. In addition, literary buddhistic societies were founded in the Pyu-Civilisation. Perhaps most important is the expansion of Buddhism from the Pyu city-states to the remainder of Southeast Asia. Influence of Pyu or Dominance? Pyu civilisation, especially the towns of Halin, Beikthano and Sri Ksetra, is likely to be a fountain of proudness for the people of Myanmar/Burma.

While archeological proof s have shown that the Pyu's impact has extended to other parts of the land, such as the Chin state and the Tanintharyi region, some have expressed concerns that power and domination should not be confused. Given the current shortage of archeological proof, this is a persistent problem that may be resolved by further research into the relation between Pyu civilisation and its neighbours.

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