Pumtek Beads Real and Fake

Pumptek Beads Real and Fake

A rare Pumtek with longevity and lotus design. There are many fakes in this category. Pumtek and Pyu necklace with Pyu military pearl clasp. Antique Tiger Pumtek bead with nine stripe patterns.


The Margaretologist, our magazine / newsletters, has made a name for herself because she informs our reader about counterfeits, fraud, falsifications and imitation in the pearl age. We often become aware of this because someone has filed a pearl for a beads identification certificate. If you want the latest news about counterfeit pearls and fraud, join the Centre for Pearl Research and get in touch with the margaretologist.

A lot of the old pearls are fake. As we oppose the illicit trade in plundered pearls, we point out that the difference would only help those who participate in these activities. I would like you to be conscious that I have recently heard of several cases in which fake pearls have been selling for large amounts of money. What I have to tell you is that I have been informed recently.

Pumptek and other pearls of Burma

Old Pumtek bead with five zigzag strips. Seldom pumptek with durability and lots of designs, a chain of Pumtek's possession. Old Pumtek with wavy or zigzag pattern. Antique pearls adorned. Old tabular agate with four elevated lobes. Aka " the " Agate Infinity Agate ", the cock ripples over the whole length of the skin.

Old turtles or turtles. Shell conch or chank pearl.....

Antique Birman beads

Beads from Burma have been renamed'Pyu/Tircul'. Undoubtedly, the Pyu/Tirkul civilization has been the main player in the production of pearls in Burma.

However pearl production was carried out in many other areas and times in Burma. Mentioning all pearls from Burma Pyu/Tirkul pearls also ignores the fact that due to trading and the shared buddhistic civilization there has been a great interchange of pearls between India and Burma. Probably this over-simplification has occurred because it has made it simpler to label and market pearls from Burma to a new, mainly east-oriented median layer without too much historic and cultured interest in deep and more insight.

They' re funeral pearls, or at least they've never been used. However, one can see that some of the pearls have a light discoloration from the ambient soil.

The way they landed in this god-forsaken place far away from Burma is a pearl mystic. It was my good mate Professor Bhandari, in remembrance of my good mate Professor Bhandari, who found them all over India in his life-long quest for old mint. Mr Bhandari, no longer among us, was a keen coin-holder.

Often, in his quest for medals, he also received pearls from the young boy who lived near archaeological places. This was the small pearl collectors gift of the professor, which he gave me, which inspire me to the pearl collectors. Pumptek beads, also referred to as bury blunderbolt beads, are important pearls of inheritance among the Chinese in the Chin Hills in the west of Burma/Myanmar and the adjoining area in the east of India, where they are known as Kuki.

Pumtek's pearls were originally made over 1000 years ago by the Pyu, the creators of Burma's first city-states, but somehow the Pumtek pearl arts lived on the hills, far away from the fruitful plain of Bagan in its heyday. Old Pumtek beads are often small, often made of the opalised Borassus flaabellifer rose.

These types of beads are fluorescent under a short-wave ultraviolet flash. Many Pumtek beads are made from other types of fossilised timber - often in the shape of Chalcedon. Nevertheless, they can be very old. Fossilized timber of all types can be found throughout Burma.

A lot of the pearls of Burma are made of fossilised timber. Those bullet beads come from the Bagan area. These are high grade old pearls of the early twentieth c... This old Pyu pearl was'repaired' by removing the ends of the pearl. When I showed this pearl to a specialist retailer of DCI pearls in Kathmandu, he said that this pearl was a very old type of DCI pearl from Tibet that could prevent strokes and cerebral haemorrhage.

BURMES BEADS OF burmes beads of Burma Here you can see my collections of gorgeous beads. There you can admire a large jasperle with 3, 5 and 3 black stripe. This large sized Jasperle does not appear to have the striped areas in the pearlet. This extraordinarily nice Sulemani pearls look like new pearls.

I' ve not seen such colours in a game of transparent block and ribbons as you can see in these pearls. Its many pearls still have opaque reflective colours. An exact investigation of the perforations and the surfaces of the beads shows that they were not used.

But they are very old and show the most beautiful archaeological patination with a beautiful smooth shine. More information about excavating beads can be found here. I' m amazed at this old art of making the artistic designs come out of the rough stones. This pearl is most likely a Burmese artisan work.

I' ve chosen this pearl for its extraordinary naturalness. We can find everything from embroidered pearls in Burma, from embossed red ox with striped whites to classic trans-lucent pearls with whirling motifs in different color. Here you can see the SM 142 and SM 156 in comparison.

I only found something like this in a page with pearls from Bangladesh. Please also be aware that the colour of the pearls in the above picture is the most accurate one. The following picture I tried to emphasize the translucency of the beads with a subsidiary illumination device.

This Pyu beads are made according to the traditional burmesian style i. e. white coloured and white jad. Nagaland Beads These beautiful Nagaland beads come from the Naga country. Approximately 100 years old, they are made in India as replicas of the coveted Venice crystal beads.

This old from India is not finished like the genuine Venice pearl.

A part of Burma showing the states of Pyu Town - The prosperous and tranquil Pyu cultureThe Pyu Town States had an impressive long time. Traditional Chinesechronicles point out that the young Pyu friars were wearing wool instead of real wool in order not to destroy the silkworms. Pyu Sampling Although the Pyu tribes were Tibetan-Burmese tribes from Yunnan provinces, they were soon strongly affected by India.

Ashokan Buddhism and later the Guptas permeated their civilization from the bottom up. India's civilization was most evident in the Pyu South, where most of the trading with India took place by ocean. The Indianisation can be seen here in that the Sri Ksetra Indians gave themselves names like Varmans and Varma.

India had an influence on both the south and north Pyu states. The Pyu city-states had a small populace. Such a small number of cultures do not have the necessary capacity to build an autonomous community. The Pyu city-states were very small in comparison to India.

One of the biggest tribes in the whole old Indians kingdom. Ashoka was the king of the world's greatest economy when he turned the Kingdom of India into Buddhism. It has produced a great diversity of Hindi scriptures, from the decrees of King Asoka, published in northern India in Brahmi and Tamil Brahmi, both dating from the third and second century BC, to the Gupta and Kannada scriptures dating from the fourth to sixth cent.

Bagan's thousand Stupa and Pagoda represent an architecture that is purely Buddhist-Indic. Probably these Stupa were constructed by native Ingenieurs and Architekt. Pyu colonies were governed by sovereign monarchs, establishing farms largely modelled on the monarchies of India, especially south-east India.

From the beginning of the Pyu civilization until the British invasion of Mandalay in 1885, the Buddhist friars were of key importance to the people. The system gradually disappeared in India with the Sunghas' Ascend. Burma went on until the British destroyed the imperial class in Burma in the last Anglo-Burmese conflict in 1885 like Burma's varnishes.

Burma's fundamental cultural heritage is still animist at its heart. Buddhism in Burma can only be grasped in this animist contexts. Pearl cultures and especially the magical comprehension of pearls must be interpreted from up to fundamentally opposite spectra: But like their big Indian counterpart, they had a large and respectful Hindus.

Unfortunately, much of the testimony of a flourishing Hinduscan civilization has been lost since the 1962 war. There were several hundred old large Pyu Shiva-lingas in Bagan before the army began to dismantle them in a systematic manner to expel all Hindus from Burma. Simultaneously, million of Indians who were relocated during British colonization were driven out of Burma by the new Burmese army rulers.

Pearl storyThe same thing occurred with the pearl manufacturing. Therefore, it can sometimes be hard to determine whether a pearl is a real Pyu pearl or a pearl of the later Burman's of Bagan. I' ve spoken to some of those Myanmar who have earned their living looking for pearls.

They are the most knowledgable pearl expert I have met in my days as a pearl slayer. I' m sure they said it's very simple for them to tell the truth about the differences between a Pyu pearl and a later Bagan-Burman pearl. When the Pyu era came to an end, the production of pearls decreased at the same with it.

The Pyu beads definitely have their own identities and their own artistry. However, one should not overlook that the pearl designs, together with the pearls themselves, came from the core country of Buddhism, India, as carriers of culture and religion. If we look at the figurative significance of Pyu and later Burma's pearls, we must take into account this well-documented relationship and dependence on India for trading.

In the Pyu civilisation era, India was a buddhistic state. The pearls of this era and beyond must be seen in the context of Indian Buddhism. Nowadays the Pyu pearl and Ghandara arts are often regarded as an isolation, just as they are mistakenly regarded as a single Afghan cultural phenomenon.

This was part of the flourishing state Buddhism of Greater India. Below you can see some of Bagan's beads. This beads have exactly the same look as the ones I found in Northwest India and Pakistan. Like so often before, we can see pearls as travellers.

Is the Pumtek pearls age-old? Pumtek beads are often referred to as Pyu beads in the western world. All excavators, gatherers and bead vendors in Burma have not recognized this category at all. Most of them did not even recognise the word "Pumtek". The pearls are called chin pearls and come from Chin county in northwestern Myanmar.

At the beginning of the Pyu civilization there was no distinctive and prominent pearl civilization in Burma. As with the architecture style of the coupe, the lives of monarchs and so on, it was all an example of the India Buddhist neighbour's people. Therefore, the first pearls we find in Burma are pearls of purely Indian-designed, either made in India or by Indian-influenced artisans who live in Burma.

It was only later that the different Burmese people found their own styles and their own pearl making crafts. That' s what has been done with the Stupas and Floats in Burma. At the beginning they were in Bagan mere classics of India's architectural world. Later on, as Burma's civilization grew and affected neighbouring tribal and territory, Burma developed its own pop and paragon styles.

Bagan Indian Clones Pumtek Beads feature one of the major characteristics is that they are made of fossilized or agatized woods. There is no fossilised timber in India like Burma. In this sense, the Pumtek-Chin beads are a later,'custom-made' and more autonomous evolution of Burma's pearl production, which does not take place in Burma's old centres of influence, but later on the edge of the state.

In this respect, however, Pumtek Chin beads are not as old as they claim, at least not older than 1000 years. One of the most common symbol on the Pyu beads is the cross shape. comes from the Pyuulture. He came from India as an ambassador of Buddhism.

It was one of the most important icons of early Buddhism. The cross has been integrated into most Stupa and Pagoda's architectural design. I showed some Myanmar Buddhist religious intellectuals some cross-shaped pearls, like the one shown below, as an experimental piece. The majority of these friars had never seen these cross-shaped pearls before.

Once again we experience the powerful impact of Indian Buddhism. It was the "logo" of the renowned Buddha School of Buddhism in Taxila, northwest India. You can see a pearl of Taxila in Pakistan below. I firmly believe that the designs shown on the beads are a mere symbolic idiom that has its roots in a buddhistic cultur.

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