Psi Myanmar YangonMyanmar Yangon Psi
Burma is a country in a favourable situation in terms of water resources.
Jobs | PSI (Population Services International) Myan
The PSI has been active in Myanmar since 1995 and is one of the biggest NGOs in the state. It has a significant effect on human welfare in almost all 331 cities. The PSI/Myanmar office is located in the former nation's former capitol and trading centre Yangon with eight design bureaus throughout the state. In Myanmar, a fourth of the 55 million inhabitants are living on less than two dollars a dollar a year.
In 2013, the United Nations Human Development Index rated Myanmar at 149 out of 186 states. However, the healthcare industry has not yet caught up with the fast-growing economies. The overall expenditure on healthcare from all sectors amounts to less than 2.5 per cent of the gross domestic product. Things are, however, undergoing drastic change; since the changeover to civil rule in 2011, a free enterprise and comprehensive governance reform are underway.
His work is aimed at the biggest contributor to Myanmar's illness burden: HIV, TB, malaria, inflammation, diarrhoea, reproduction and mother's wellbeing. This also works in the area of reproduction healthcare. Actively working with partners promotes the effect. Through its Sun Quality Health franchising ecosystem, PSI offers primarily healthcare in 210 cities. PSI/Myanmar has more than 1,500 privately funded physicians trained and monitored by PSI/Myanmar in the areas of reproduction as well as the management of PSI, TB, pneumonia, diarrhoea, HIV and STI.
PSI also provides support to the Sun Primary Medical Care community of more than 2,000 rural healthcare professionals.
Residents and eco-systems in deltas are becoming more and more susceptible to the impact of settlement caused by both human and man-made causes. The Yangon is a town in the Irrawaddy River in Myanmar, where little is known about the real scale of this danger, while its impact can damage the lives of billions of people.
Therefore, the objective of this study was to establish whether there were reductions and whether ground waters could be withdrawn. Yangon has a large metropolitan area and is growing fast to the northeast, westward and eastward. Under the present system of supplying hot and cold running waters, almost half of the process waters are delivered from dams operated by the municipality, while the other half are obtained in other ways.
Nearly 80% of the latter group obtain this groundwater from groundwater under their house. That is two million people of Yangon, who extract their service waters from the underground, i.e. without serviceings. In order to determine whether settlements occur, sea level deformations were measured using Synthetic Aperture Radar InSAR ( "Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry") using Sentinel-1.
It is based on the computation of phasetry between two radiographic radars, which are related to variations in the movement of the surfaces on an intermittent series. Directly deriving the distortion of the surfaces from two radars was restricted by interferences caused by atmosphere and the measurement of the temporarily instable terrestrial area.
In order to override these constraints, a PSI (Persistent Scatterer Interferometry) algorithms was used, which select from a batch of low noisy, solid dispersing pixel from which deformations can be obtained. Up and down SAR images were interferogramed with the InSAR processors Doris and then the PSI algorithms stacked with the PSI stacking system Stomps to extract the timelines and line of view speeds of phase-stable dots.
Line of vision speeds, which have been broken down into perpendicular and horizonal movements, show that parts of the town slow down at speeds of over 9 cm/y. In order to link the distortion of the surfaces to the settlement, the local ground waters of the Yangon township were cartographic. Various different types of information were collected, including a special study on the need for drinking air, which was carried out for this research.
While the interrelationship between settlement and ground waters abstraction is more complicated than just their interaction, this technique was selected to obtain an initial estimation of their cause and effect. Up to 9 mm/y was found by mappings of the Yangon township borough. There is no correlation between the spacial pattern of the observed depressions and the estimation of ground waters abstraction, so that there is no evidence of a possible link between the two.
Futuristic research should initially focus on identifying the mechanism that causes superficial distortion. This research could be extended with the proposed improvement in extract estimates, but an assessment of the reductions resulting from a more comprehensive way of pumping ground water may be necessary. Although this work does not establish a connection between shallow water and ground water abstraction, it is recommended to alleviate the adverse impacts of wells.