Presidents of Myanmar

Governors of Myanmar

The President of the Republic of Myanmar; the President of Burma; the President of Myanmar; the President of Burma. The House of Representatives of Myanmar elects U Win Myint as a candidate for the presidential elections.

It is chaired by the President, two Vice-Presidents, the Ministers. The Royal President Hotel is located in Nay Pyi Taw. Myanmar's President has priority.

President of Myanmar (Burma)

Myanmar's president is both head of state and government and is voted in by Burma's parliament. Burma was governed by the British before it came to self-government in 1948. Burma experienced decade-long periods of unstable politics due to pre-independence politics and ethnical conflict that lasted for years of self-government.

In more than 60 years Myanmar has had eleven presidents. Presidents have had a great impact on the economy, society and politics of the state. Burma had its first presidency in 1948, after the nation achieved British sovereignty. São Shwe Thaik, the first Sao Shwe Thaik, who held the post from 1948 to 1952, was replaced by Ba U. In 1957 Win Maung was named Chairman by the Taoiseach.

Win Maung was replaced by Ne Win after a five-year period in power by a 1962-1981 reign. He resigned due to civil commotion and was replaced by San Yu, who reigned over the Socialist Republic of Burma until 1988 when he went into retirement.

His Lwin and Maung Maung reigned for a brief period of turmoil in 1988. Between 1988 and 2011 the state was under armed domination. They were chaired by Saw Maung, who ran the state from 1988 to 1992, and Than Shwe, who was in office from 1992 to 2011.

He resigned from the army and gave room for 2008 constitutional legislative election, whose support he would oversee. He was followed by Thein Sein in 2011 and reigned for five years, and brought many reform to the state. Htin Kyaw was presidential in 2016 and his contribution to the Burmese nation is still pending.

Under Myanmar's constitutional system, the country's prime ministers are the country's leaders, the judiciary and the people. In his capacity as Chief of Staff, the Chairman has a remit to assign departments if necessary. It is also the President's job to order the dismissal of a minster who has not fulfilled his obligations.

A Prosecutor General of his own choosing shall be appointed by the Chairman from among the Hluttaw members, provided that the nominated candidate fulfils the conditions. São Shwe Thaik was the first Myanmar (Burma) to hold the presidency. It was the first Burmese Union leader. From 1948 to 1952 he was elected chairman of the state.

Joining the liberation motion, he was named General of the Armed Forces of Moves. Joining the Burmese Independent Military, he became an official who worked with the Japanese before they broke their treaty, whereupon he assisted in forming a group of resistants who saw the Japanese expelled from the area.

As Burma became independent, he was named Joint Chiefs of Defence and Commander-in-Chief. In 1958, when there were ethnical conflicts, he took over the post of premier on a temporary basis. During his term of service, he brought order to the land and organised the parliamentary elections in 1960, during which Nu was re-elected to the post of premier.

He headed another putsch in 1974, succeeding Win Maung as Chairman. It founded a dictatorial, socialistic and isolatedist state, which became one of the worlds impoverished nations due to the economic collapse of Burma. This policy caused a lot of anxiety and eventually retired in 1988, although there are allegations that he remained in charge of state business until 2002, when he was placed under home detention and later that year passed away.

He was the first Myanmar official to be democratically electioneered. During his reign, the Burmese nation reaped its formerly oppressed privileges and the Burmese were freed. His initial peacemaking discussions with conflict-ridden Burmese communities. The free movement of the press was also a characteristic of his five-year tenure.

Being Thein has determined the tempo for Myanmar's further development. Being Thein has saved the Burmese population from a lifetime of poverty and quiet sufferings to a lifetime of open communications and prosperous economical expansion. Myanmar's present Burmese leader, Htin Kyaw, speaking during his swearing-in ceremony of respect for the country's constitutional principles, measures which I hope will preserve Myanmar's democratic system and the human rights of the population.

At the 6th April 2016 Htin undersigned a bill which creates the post of a Council of State with an equal presidential mandate. It is similar to the Prime Minister's role and functions as a liaison between the government, legislature and the Chairman of the Board.

Auch interessant

Mehr zum Thema