Prasat hin Phimai

Phimai Prasat

The historical park of Phimai is the largest of all Khmer temples in Thailand. The Mahayana Buddhist sanctuary in the center of the city was Prasat Phimai. The Phimai Historical Park (Prasat Hin Phimai) is located in the middle of the Phimai district in the province of Nakhon Ratchasima. Northeastern Thailand Khmer Sanctuaries: Prasat Hin Phimai.

{ {\a6} Khmer influence[edit]>>

Phimai Historic Gardens (Thai: ??????????????) is one of the biggest Khmer-tempples in Thailand. The house is situated in Phimai, Nakhon Ratchasima County. From Angkor, the sanctuary is one end of the old Khmer Highway. Since the closed area of 1020x580m is similar to that of Angkor Wat, Phimai must have been an important Khmer empire cityscape.

The majority of the houses are from the end of the eleventh to the end of the twelfth centuries, constructed in the Baphuon, Bayon and Angkor Wat styles. Although the Khmer were Hindu at that period, the Khmer was constructed as a buddhistic temple[1], since the Khorat region was already inhabited in the seventh age.

The inscription names the place Vimayapura (which means town Vimaya ), which evolved to the Thai name Phimai. Today the historic parc is administered by the art department and was formally opened on 12 April 1989 by Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn. When the Ayutthaya Kingdom fell in 1767, an attempt was made to found five different states, with Prince Teppipit, a son of King Boromakot, trying to make Phimai one who ruled the east of the province, Nakhon Ratchasima included.

At Khom times Phimai was an important city. Prasat Hin Phimai was one of the most important Khom-Temples in the ancient Thailand, which was linked to Angkor by an old Khom Highway and directed towards Angkor as its main area.

It is now a Phimai Historical Park. Recently Phimai was the basis for the archaeological site of Ban Non Wat. Due to its position deeply in the northeast of Thailand, which was once dominated by the Khmer (today Cambodia), Phimai's architectural and touristic equipment is strongly shaped by the Khmer cultur.

The Khmer civilisation is evident in the arts and arquitecture displayed on the site of the Khmer Empire. Like Angkor, it has the same role in the worship of the god in the Hindus. In spite of the fact that Phimai was constructed in a similar way to Angkor and other Khmer Buddhist churches, the origins of some constructions in Phimai's wall are still being discussed.

Testimonies of Dvaravati's impact, such as the Buddha or the" Law Wheel" figure, show that Phimai was an important buddhistic place of spirituality. Though a large number of Buddhaist artworks were discovered in Phimai, evidences, complete with the large pans imbedded in some parts of the building, suggest that Buddhism and other religious practice were also practised in Phimai.

So Phimai was an important milestone for animists, Buddhists and Hindus. Very little is known about the origin of the Phimai or Khmer civilisation in Thailand. There are the first engravings of the Khmer from the sixth c. AD in the north-east of Thailand. During this period the Emperor Mahendravarman ordered his men to destroy the engraving.

Contemporary scientists are discussing the possibilities that proofs have been wasted. Phimai, together with other Khmer-influenced churches in Thailand, were mainly constructed under the name "Deveraja cult" or "the kingdom resembling a god". According to this principal, the Khmer Emperors erected Buddhist monasteries to exalt the king's rule and the expansion of Hinduism.

It was the tenth year of the rule of the Khmer Emperor Rajendravarman II (944-968 A.D.), which was also a period in which Khmer rule spread to the area of what is now north-east Thailand. As a result, Thailand has preserved Khmer monasteries with Kleang and Baphuon as proof of this Khmer legacy. This structure had the same signature: three brickwork spires on a unique plateau, for example the Prasat Prang Ku in Si Saket and Ban Phuluang in Surin.

Prang Brahmadat, for example, was constructed of laterite blocks forming a sqare. Alternatively, the principal shrine of pure whitestone, almost 32 metres long. "This is followed by a statue exhibition of devil and animal from the Tantric Mahayana Buddhist script. Nowadays Phimai is a well-known touristic destination, especially for those interested in the past and archeology.

In the centre of Phimai is a small square galleria that surrounds the new inner court. There is a pre-Korean Buddha scripture in the galery that recounts the history of H.H. Gautama and his trip to the Buddha along with other classical Buddha tales. Entering the Phimai area from the old city in the southern part, visitors must pass a stream about a kilometre further southwards and walk on an old lanterite footbridge, which the archeologists believe was the swimming spot for the protagonist in indigenous myth.

Also the Royal Fine Arts Department constructed an interior art galleries showing antique buddhistic engravings and small statues as well as destroyed arquitecture. Phimai will remain the same, only with a small renovation by the Royal Arts Department. Phimai has much in community with Angkor Wat and is an example of classic Khmerism.

The old Kyhmer archaeologists were known above all for their supreme use of granite compared to conventional brick and lanterite structures. Temple of Khmers in general, like Phimai in this case, should be similar to the world. In their day, the Khmers did not evolve the technology of real vaulted architectural design, which led to large areas in Phimai that could not be covered.

Khmer learnt how to use brick, limestone and laterite efficiently. "Phimai, its Cultural Road and the associated temples of Phanomroong and Muangtam." "Northeastern Thailand off Angkor: Proof of an archaeological excavation at Prasat Hin Phimai" (Journal). Abstract: North-East Thailand (Isan) was integrated into Angkor politics towards the end of the first millenium AD.

Long before this period, the Phimai region's municipalities had taken over important operations such as the use of insignias and the building of worship buildings in durable material. The Origins of Angkor Project conducted an archeological dig at Thailand's most important Khmer sanctuary, the Prasat Hin Phimai, in 1998.

During the excavations, early pottery and remnants of an early, probably sacred tile construction were found, which had been reused as part of the foundations of the Angkoran sand-stone cemetery. Leap up ^ "Northeast Thailand off Angkor: Testimonies of an archeological dig at Prasat Hin Phimai" (Web). "The Phimai Historical Park provides a detailled introduction with images and video" of "Thai-Thaifood".

Mehr zum Thema