Prague Castle

The Prague Castle

The history of Prague Castle and practical information for visitors. The Prague Castle - Pra?ský hrad, or simply hrad to Czechs - is Prague's most popular attraction. What is the largest castle in the world? Prague, of course!

The Prague Castle for the Visitor

It is an old icon of the state, the most important memorial and one of the most important culture institutes in the Czechs. Architectural and historical text book, a traveler' s guide for people from all over the know. The Prague Castle was probably built around 880 by the prince Bo?ivoj from the Premyslid dynasty (P?emyslovci).

Prague Castle is the biggest castle in the whole country after the Guinness Book of Records with an area of almost 70,000m². From the Velvet Revolution, Prague Castle has been undergoing significant and current repair and reconstruction work. Anyone visiting Prague Castle is requested not to take large luggage into the area of Prague Castle and to obey the rules of Prague Castle.

Please be informed that Prague Castle and the surrounding area of it´s are part of the no-fly area.

bc/cc++l="mw-headline" id="History">Geschichte[edit]>>

The Prague Castle (Czech: Prague hrad;[?pra?ski? ??rat]) is a castle in Prague, Czech Republic, from the ninth mill. This is the President of the Czech Republic's offical bureau. It was the residence of the Czech Monarchs, the Holy Romans and the President of Czechoslovakia.

In 870 the castle's story began with the construction of the first enclosed edifice, the Marienkirche. Basilica of Saint George and Basilica of Saint Vitus were established in the first half of the tenth c. under Vratislaus I, Duke of Bohemia and his sons Saint Wenceslas.

First monastery in Bohemia was established in the castle next to the St. George Cathedral. There was a Romanic building here in the twelfth c... Ottokar II of Bohemia upgraded the forts and reconstructed the King's residence for representative and residential use. The Gothic King's residence was reconstructed in the fourteenth centuary under Charles IV and the castle fortification was reinforced.

Instead of the round-lobe and the St. Veit Cathedral, construction began on a large Gothic temple, which was finished almost six hundred years later. The castle was uninhabited during the Hussite Wars and the following years. King Ladislaus II Jagello began the reconstruction of the castle in 1485. Vladislav Hall (built by Benedikt Rejt) was added to the Royal Palace.

Also on the northern side of the castle new fortified fortresses were erected. In 1541, a major fire devastated large parts of the castle. The Habsburgs added several new renaissance houses. The Belvedere was constructed by Ferdinand I as a summers villa for his family. Rudolf II used Prague Castle as his principal place of abode.

It was in the north part of the building with the Spanish Room where his valuable artistic works were displayed. A second Prague lintel in 1618 took place at the castle and started the Bohemian uprising. The castle was destroyed and decayed during the following World War. Much of Rudolph II's works were plundered by Sweden in 1648 during the Battle of Prague (1648), the last act of the Thirty Years' War.

Kaiserin Maria Theresia completed the last large reconstruction of the castle in the second half of the eighteenth cent. After his resignation in 1848 and the accession of his cousin Franz Joseph to the throne, the former Kaiser Ferdinand I. made Prague Castle his home. The castle became the headquarters of the new Czechoslovak Republic's head, T.G. Masaryk, in 1918.

Jo?e Ple?nik, the Slovene Architects, restored the New Royal Palace and landscaped garden. When Czechoslovakia was liberated and the 1948 putsch took place, the castle was home to the office of the former Yugoslav Socialist state. Czechoslovakia was divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia and the castle became the headquarters of the head of state of the new Czech Republic.

Like Masaryk with Ple?nik, Václav Havel asked Bo?ek ?ípek to make the necessary corrections to Prague's post-communist castle, in particular to face-lift the castle's art-house. Most of the castle complexes are from the last millenium. The Prague Castle comprises the Gothic St. Vitus Cathedral, the Romanesque Basilica of St. George, a convent and several fortifications.

The majority of the castle areas are open to tourism. There are several museum buildings, among them the collections of the National Museum of Bohemia and Baroque and Mannerist Arts, an exhibit devoted to Bohemia's past, the Toy Museum and the Prague Castle Photo Library, which is part of the Rudolph II series. Summer Shakespeare Festival is held on a regular basis in the inner court of the Burggrafenpalast.

Neighbourhood around Prague Castle is Hrad?any. The Bazilika St. George Basilica (Ji?í) and Klá?ter St. George Monastery (Ji?í) are the oldest preserved churches in Prague Castle. The Prague Castle is the site in the second tier of the Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb series.

A rough guide to Prague. It'?s a new story.

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