Poverty Rate in Myanmar 2015Myanmar's poverty rate 2015
The Myanmar Poverty Assessment 2017: First part Investigation of trends between 2004/05 and 2015
The poverty rate fell continuously from 32.1% in 2004 to 25.6% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2015, using the methodology proposed in the integrated budget and livelihood reporting. In the course of the last ten years, annual budgetary expenditure has risen by 15% or 1.4%. The improvement in the standard of living is mirrored in a number of well-being factors, among them higher levels of retail income from consumables such as motorbikes and TV.
By 2015, more than 42% of homes had bikes, up from 10% in 2009. 37 % of the population still lives near or below the poverty line. That means that they are still at risk of poverty. Poverty reduction is across all measures consistently. It uses two methods to assess poverty in Myanmar.
In 2004/05, the first is based on poverty figures compiled by the Government of Myanmar and IDEA, UNDP and UNOPS using the Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey (IHLCA). With this second approach, similar tendencies can be identified: poverty fell from 44.5% in 2004/05 to 37.5% in 2009/10 and 26.1% in 2015. The poverty has decreased in both the countryside and the cities, albeit at a more rapid rate for the inhabitants of the cities.
With the methodology outlined in the HICCP report, poverty in the countryside fell from 35.8% in 2004/05 to 23.3% in 2015 and poverty in cities from 21.5% in 2004/05 to 9% in 2015. Over the last ten years, the rate of increase in the countryside has been lower than in cities: 1.1% per year in the countryside as opposed to 1.9% in the city.
Cities are declining faster than countryside areas, as reflected in industry and service sectors growing faster than agriculture over the same years. In Myanmar, the review recommended that poverty measurements be up-dated. This common evaluation recommended that the Myanmar government consider a review and reorientation of its poverty response to better respond to the needs of the people based on up-to-date standard of living information.
Since the first poverty measurement in 2004/05, there have been many changes in the lives and needs of the population. This is the first in a two-part poverty evaluation exercise recommending a review of Myanmar's poverty measurement. After the adoption of the Poverty Review and Reconciliation Poverty Method, the second part of the Poverty Review presents a broad poverty picture using a renewed and redesigned new Poverty Action for Myanmar.