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The Burmese Rohingya Muslims are among the most oppressed in the worid.
They are deprived of their nationality, compelled to work by hand on intergovernmental ventures and prohibited from marrying without formalities. Burmese Rohingya Muslims are often described as one of the most oppressed peoples in the hemisphere, and now they are turning to hazardous ways to turn their lives around. During the shocking efforts to emigrate to neighbouring states such as Malaysia and Indonesia, many Rohingya got trapped on crowded ships at Sea without any country being prepared to allow them a secure land.
When such immigrant ships keeled over, several hundred others were killed. And recently the Malayan government found crowd diggers and pencils in warehouses left by people-traders. They are holding Rohingya and other minority groups prisoner and demand ransoms from their family. A lot of Rohingya Muslims are living in West Burma, also known as Myanmar.
It is estimated for how many Rohingya Muslims are living there, but most are hovering between one million and 1. 5 million. Several hundred thousand more have escaped from Burma to support Bangladesh, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Thailand or Malaysia. Rohingya Muslims are not regarded as Burmese nationals. Under the Citizenship Act 1982, it is not recognised as one of the country's main ethnic groups.
In order to obtain nationality, Rohingya can try to show her forefathers, who were in Burma before 1823, but only a fistful were able to succeed, thanks to the "burdensome onus of evidence," Human Rights Watch said. Being a largely stateless nation, this minor group is forbidden to attend grammar school.
You cannot work for the state or be elected to the state. It is restricting its movements within the state of Rakhine and beyond its frontiers. Muslims are often compelled into unsalaried work to support state-run initiatives, such as quarrying bricks to construct highways. According to Human Rights Watch, some kids as young as seven years of age were already compelled to work freely.
There have also been allegations that some Burma army officers are forcing Rohingya Muslims to surrender goods or pets, sometimes as a form of bribery to obtain a visa. The violence triggered a group of 10 Muslims at a juncture a few day later, according to a 153-page Human Rights Watch account of the Burma Muslim ethnocleans.
This also resulted in unrest in Rakhine State that lasted for several days, causing the police to take some 75,000 Muslims out of their houses and detain a large number of males. This autumn, nine cities in the state are experiencing another violent attack on Muslims. Some 40,000 Muslims were displaced from their houses and at least 70, 28 of them children, were killed in the terrorist bombings.
Human Rights Watch claims that often it has not tried to stop the uprising. Burma's military-led executive has rejected any systematic discriminations against Rohingya Muslims. Since the struggles in October 2012, there have been ongoing acts of aggression against Muslims. According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Missions, some 140,000 refugees in IDP centres in Burma are now in urgent need of relief assistance.
The recent violent incident is the result of many years of harassment in Burma. The Human Rights Watch dates back to World War II, when Burma was under UK domination. The Rohingya Muslims continued their allegiance to Britain when the Japs marched into Burma in 1941, triggering decade-long clashes between the country's Islamic and non-Muslim population.
Almost 90 percent of Burma's population practices Buddhism, making Muslims a minority that is often attacked by the governing state. Separated militarycampaigns in 1978 and 1991 coerced more than 450,000 Rohingya Muslims out of the country with systemic killings and arsons. Many of them came back and were divided into the state of Rakhine in the north, where the fighting continued.
While the Rohingya can retrace their Myanmar origins back to the eighteenth centuries, the administration thinks they come from Bangladesh and are not citizens. Burma's President Thein Sein even proposed after the June 2012 attack that all Rohingya Muslims in Burma should be expelled to other states. And what is the tribute of man?
It is not clear how many Rohingya Muslims have directly perished as a result of the violent events in Burma, but it is expected that 200-300 persons have been killed since 2011. As well as the approximately 140,000 displaced persons camped in Burma since 2012, more than 86,000 have escaped the country on vessels and tried to emigrate to Thailand, Malaysia or Indonesia, the UN refugee agency predicts in June 2014.
Most of these were Rohingya Muslims. In 2013, the travel reported that 615 persons were killed. Some of them come to the banks of a country just to refuse to enter. According to the UNHCR, 3,500 immigrants were beached on ships in the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea on Friday without any country being prepared to accept them.