Pont du Garddu Gard pontoon
Pont du Gard is an old romaine amphitheatre that traverses the river Gardon near the village of Vers-Pont-du-Gard in the south of France. Pont du Gard, constructed as three levels of arches to supply the village of Nîmes with fresh waters, is the highest of all raised romaine waters and one of the best known.
It is part of the Nîmes-Aqueducts, a 50 km long system constructed in the first c. A.D. to transport drinking waters from a source in Uzès to the Nemausus (Nîmes) Complex. Because of the rough ground between the two points, the mostly subterranean watercourse followed a long, curvy stretch that required a viaduct over the Gardon River canyon.
1 in (5 cm) - a slope of only 1 to 18,241 - while the total length of the tank drops by only 12 cm. It is 6 meters (41 feet) along its length, indicating the high accuracy that was achieved with basic technique by ancient Romans. In the past, the reservoir used to carry an approximate 40,000 cubic metres of fresh air a year to the wells, bathrooms and houses of the people of Nîmes.
Some parts were used for much longer, but a shortage of service after the fourth millennium caused blockages due to minerals and sediments that finally suffocated the river. The Pont du Gard largely stayed untouched after the collapse of the Roman Empire and the collapse of the hydroelectric power station due to the importance of its subsidiary role as a road-railway.
Nîmes crosses the Pont du Gard and many other important footbridges (not to scale). Nîmes Waterworks was constructed to draw waters from the sources of the Fontaine d'Eure near Uzès to the Nemausus Castle. They are only about 20 km apart, but the river is about 50 km (31 mi) swirling.
6 ] This was necessary to avoid the most southern spurs of the Massif Central, the so-called Garrigues de Nîmes. An approximately V-shaped railway around the east end of the Garrigues de Nîmes was therefore the only practicable way to transport the waters from the source into the town. The Pont du Gard boulders, some of which weighed up to 6 tonnes, were accurately carved by simply rubbing them together, making the grout superfluous.
A large part of the Nîmes Aquaeduct was subterranean, as was characteristic of ancient aquaeducts. This was erected by excavating a ditch in which a rock duct was erected and surrounded by a vaulted slab of rock, which was then roofed with mud. A total of 35 km of the water product was undergrown.
Of the aboveground works, important remnants can still be seen today, such as the so-called "Pont Rue", which extends around the verse for several hundred meters and is up to 7.5 meters high. 18 ] Other preserved parts are the Pont de Bornègre, three arcs supporting the 17 metre (56 ft) waterway; the Pont de Sartanette, near the Pont du Gard, which runs 32 metre (105 ft) through a small dale; and three parts of the Sernhac waterway tunnels, which are up to 66 metre (217 ft) long.
19 ] However, the Pont du Gard is by far the best conserved part of the whole area. Bottom of an arc on the second level of the Pont du Gard. Notice the lack of masonry on the acueduct. Roadside viaduct next to the river Aqeduct. Nîmes is where the fish was drained into the reservoir or castle of the divisor.
In the round wholes the town' s aqueducts were linked to the reservoir. A number of follow-up works were carried out to strengthen the pillars and archways of the Pont du Gard. Writer Henry James, who visited in 1884, was similarly struck; he described the Pont du Gard as "unspeakably impressive, and nothing could be more Roman".
In 1853, the author Joseph Méry published in his Les Nuits itins, contes noucturnes that on seeing the Pont du Gard: Jumping up ^ "EPCC du Pont du Gard". Jumping up ^ "Monument historique in PA00103291". Leap up ^ "Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct) - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org.
Leap up ^ "Map of the aqueduct of Rome to Nîmes". High Jumping ^ Hodge, A. Trevor (2002). An aqueduct & Aqueduct (2 ed.). High Jumping ^ Chanson, H. (October 1, 2002). "Hydraulic of the large canal under the Nîmes aqueduct" (PDF). Skip high to: a bar Bromwich, James (2006).
Remnants of the Romans from the South of France: Highjump ^ Lewis, Michael Jonathan Taunton (2001). Skip up to: a d e d Langmead, Donald; Garnaut, Christine, el. Highjump ^ Sobin, Gustaf (1999). Skip up to: a to " The aqueduct at Pont du Gard". Skip high to: a to Léger, Alfred (1875).
Hip up ^ Deming, David (2010). World History in Technology and Sciences, Vol. 1: Antiquity and Classical Civilization. Skip up to: a s Michelin Green Guide Provence. Highjump ^ Fabre, Guilhem; Finken, Jean-Luc (1989). "The Roman aqueduct of Nîmes and the Pont du Gard". High up ^ "Pont du Gard - An old work of art".
Pont du Gard site. High heels ^ Gimpel, Jean (1993). Leap up ^ O'Connor, Colin (1993). The Roman bridges. Leap up ^ Fabre, Guilhem (1992). Pont du Gard: Waters and the city. Heave high ^ Esperrandieu, Emile (1926). The Pont du Gard et l'aqueduc de Nîmes (in French).
Skip up to: a w O'Rourke Boyle, Marjorie (1997). Leap up ^ Hill, Donald Routledge (1996). Highjump ^ Fabre, Guilhem; Fiches, Jean-Luc; Paillet, Jean-Louis (1991). "Transdisciplinary research on the aqueduct of Nimes and the Pont du Gard". Magazine for Roman Archaeology. Highjump ^ Strachan, Edward; Bolton, Roy (2008).
High jumping Homer-Dixon, Thomas F. (2006). Skip up to: a c Cleere, Henry (2001). Highjump ^ Magnusson, Roberta J. (2001). Medieval water technology: Towns, monasteries and waterworks after the Roman Empire. Skip up to: a to Rennie, George (1855). "The Pont du Gard".
Skip up to: a wigan, Arthur C. (1856). Leap to the top ^ UNESCO (2012). High jumping ^ Stirton, Paul (2003). Leap up ^ Laval, Eugène (1853). Historical sights of Gard. imprint de Soustelle-Gaude. p. XXI. Highjump ^ McDonald, Christie; Hoffmann, Stacey (2010). Russeau and freedom. Leap up ^ Viguier, Jean-Paul (2009).
Skip up ^ "Presentation works by Pont du Gard". Pont du Gard site. High jumping ^ Schmid, John (2001-08-22). High heeled ^ Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1889). Leap up ^ Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1998). Leap up ^ James, Henry (1993). High ^ Méry, Joseph (1858). Leap up ^ Belloc, Hilaire (1928).
Pont du Gard in Room IX of the Museum of Roman Civilization in Rome.