Pantheon

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The Pantheon's structure

The brickwork stamp on the side of the house shows that it was constructed and inaugurated between 118 and 125 AD. Hadrian ( "A. G." 117-138) had the pantheon constructed as a replacement for Augustus' boyfriend and commander Marcus Agrippas Pantheon of 27 BC, which burned to the bottom in 80 AD.

It is inscribed: This is why the Pantheon of Rome carries the legend of Marcus Agrippa and not of Hadrian. The Pantheon audio tour in English will help you to fully appreciate this rally. Today the gable (the triangular above the inscription) is empty, but there would have been a statue that would have played through the titan war.

Originally, the use of the pantheon is somewhat unfamiliar, except that it was classed as a sanctuary. It is not known, however, how the humans in the edifice were worshiped, as the structures of the sanctuary differ from other ancient Rome sanctuaries such as the Forum Romanum.

Pantheon today existed in such an astonishing shape, because the pope Bonifatius IV was given it by the pope Phocas in 608 A.D. and since then it has been used as a sermon. This Pantheon has been in use since its creation. One of the most intriguing characteristics of the pantheon is its architecture.

Pantheon's texture consists of a row of crossing arcs. It is carried by a row of arcs that run around each other. So, they used light weight fabrics to the top of the cupola. On the bottom layer, the heavyest rock was used, then a mix of travertin and tuff, then tuff and bricks, then all the bricks around the drums of the cupola were used, and eventually the most light and airy rock on the top of the cupola.

The use of lightweight material on the upper side facilitated the enormous mass of the cupola. Probably the Pantheon in Rome was built with an expensive wood frame that would have been expensive in itself. Probably the boxes on the cupola were hit with a machine that was demanded from the ground.

Turning the cupola of the round-lobe on its head would make it a perfect match for the itinerary. If you approach the pantheon from the outside, it looks right. In ancient times there would have been a large colonnade in front of the house, which made it almost not possible to see the cupola at the back.

Inside, the Pantheon is a distinctive combination of traditional and innovative architecture. Internal heigth and cupola size are the same (145 ft, 141 ft, 8 inches, 43.2 m). This was deliberately done by the unfamiliar arquitect to show the harmoniousness of the build.

The current form of the Pantheon, however, gives us an insight into the wonderful and breathtaking realm of Rome's architectural heritage. It would have been gold-plated to look like the celestial realm of all the deities of which the name Pantheon is a reminder. It was a technical jewel of the ancient Rome.

None of the oculuses had even come anywhere near the dimensions of the pantheon. Still clad in the pristine Rome bronce, it is the primary lighting fixture for the entire edifice. It was never overcast, and rains fall into the ground and flow from the slightly concave bottom to the still working Rome drainage pipes below.

Since ancient times, the pantheon has been used to inspired Renaissance art and to become the grave of important personalities in Italy's music. Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I, the Italians, and the Renaissance artist Raphael and his fiancee are in the Pantheon.

This is a marvellous example of the second- Jahrhunderts Rome style of art.

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