The Piazza del Campo during the Palio di Siena attracts tens of thousand of people. Palio di Siena (Italian pronunciation: This is a horserace that takes place twice a year, on July 2nd and August 16th, in Siena, Italy. Palio di Provenzano, which takes place on July 2nd, is called Palio di Provenzano, in honor of the Madonna of Provenzano, a cult of the Virgin Mary that evolved around an image from the Terzo Camollia.
Palio, which takes place on August 16th, is called Palio dell'Assunta, in honor of the Assumption. Sometimes, when special occasions or regional or national jubilees are considered important and significant, the municipality can choose an unusual Palio, which takes place between May and September. The Corteo Storico parade is the prelude to the event, which draws people from all over the globe.
A Jockey without a saddle is racing around the Campo square, where a thick coat of mud has been placed. There are three rounds on the square and the races usually last no longer than 90 seconds. It' s customary for some of the jockeys to get tossed off their ponies as they make the tricky turns on the plaza, and in fact it is not uncommon for unassembled ponies to finish the races without their joiney.
Ancestors of the breed are known from the Middle Ages. First of all, a races took place every year on July 2. The second, on 16 August, was added from 1701, although the August races were not carried out every year but only temporarily. Il palio dell'Assunta, which took place during the feast of the Assumption, was probably launched "spontaneously" as part of the feast and celebrations related to this important feast.
The 16th of August was probably selected because the other dates of the canons' festivals in mid-August, the fourteenth and fifteenth of the months, were already recorded by the Corteo of the Ceri (procession of the Ceri) and the people' s enumeration respectively. The number of opponents who could take part in a Palio was also limited to ten this year; the limitation, which is still in effect, resulted from the number and scale of the number of crashes in previous rounds.
Palio di Provenzano, the first event, will take place on July 2nd, the Feast of the Visitation and the date of a festivity in honor of the Madonna of Provenzano (a picture that once belonged to the guide of Siena, Provenzano Salvani, and which should have a wonderful healing power).
On the 16th of August (Palio dell'Assunta), the post Ascension celebration date, the second event will also be devoted to the Virgin Mary. Following extraordinary occurrences (e.g. the Apollo 11 lunar landing) and important anniversary celebrations (e.g. the centenary of the unification of Italy), the municipality of Siena can choose to have a third Palio between May and September.
Preceding the event is a spectacle parade, the Corteo Storico, which features, among other things, Alfieri, a flag-winder, in mediaeval outfits. You will do one round during a stroll, in training, and a second round during a canter, anticipating the suspense of the upcoming event, before leaving one of the roads leading from Piazza del Campo.
Sits from the basic grandstand to the complex loge seat are cheap, but sold out long before the start of the event. 7.30 for the July races and 7 p.m. for the August races, the blast sounds across the square, signalling to tens of thousand of spectators that the races are about to begin.
On the Piazza del Campo the course itself lasts three rounds, the circumference of which is coated with a few centimetres of filth and tufa (imported and moved to the town for this event with great effort) and the edges are guardrails.
Jockey's are riding the saddleless from the start line, an area between two warps. There are nine ponies entering the room, in an order that is determined by drawing lots just before the start of the event. It can take a long way (the Mossa), because usually business has been done between different opponents and jockeys, which has an effect when the rin-corsa is moving - for example, he can wait for another particular equine to be well or well-placed.
Dangerously sloping, the horsemen can use their lashes (in Italian, Egyptian, stretchy, dried bullskin ) not only for their own but also for the disturbance of other animals and cavalry. In fact, the Palio is won by the vice-representing vault and not by the Jockey.
Victor is the first one who crosses the finishing line - a mare can beat without its horseman (a requirement known as cavalcade scosso). Horses can still gain without their ornamental headdress (spennacchiera), although the opposite is also common in the Sienese. He loses the competition as the double, whose ridden horses finished second and not last.
You will receive a Palio or Palio decorated flag, hand-painted by another performer for each event. However, the excitement after the win is so intense that the Palio award ceremonies are almost instant and are the first moments of a month-long party for the victor.
At the Palio on August 16, 2004, the stallion was killed for the Bruco opposition (the Caterpillar) and was heavily stomped, as the competition was not abandoned despite possible extra security threats for other stallions. He was injured, which led to further lawsuits from the veterinary organisations. Palio is different from "normal" horseracing in that part of the play is for the stations to avoid rivaling opponents triumph.
There are few things that are not allowed for a jockey during the competition, for example they can push or draw their competitors, beat the horse and each other or try to hinder other horse at the starting line. Andrea Degortes, called Aceto ('vinegar'), is the most successful of the Jockey's ever with 14 victories (from 1964 to 1996).
With 13 achievements, Angelo Meloni, called Picino (active from 1897 to 1933), has second place in the number of achievements, and Luigi Bruschelli, called Trecciolino (still active), has third most frequent of 12 achievements (although he won 13, his mare won without him a year). Palio di Siena is more than just a horserace.
Pre-run and the days of the event are filled with excitement and proud. The last secret encounters between the leaders of the contraes and then between them and the Jockeys take place. 6 ] There is the two-hour procession of Corteo Storico, and then the whole thing is topped off by the run, which only lasts about 75 seconds.
The Civetta ( "The Owl") had the championship from 1979 to 2009 when she won the competition on August 16. The Torre (the Tower) had this crown because it was without a win for 44 years (from 1961 to 2005), and Bruco (the Caterpillar) kept the crown because he had not won for 41 years (from 1955 to 1996).
The last one was Lupa (the she-wolf) who, from July 2, 1989, a 28-29 year old time until July 2016, when she eventually won and now gave the eagle the eagle her name. The" drappellone", or palio, lovingly called "the rag" in Siena, is the award to be given to the contra da who won the Palio.
Palio is an oblong rectangle shaped rectangle shaped pieces of satin, hand-painted by an artists for this event. Perpendicularly supported on a monochrome stock obelisk and crowned by a platinum platter with two lateral feathers in either side. Together with the feathers, the Palio will remain the proprietary right of Kontrada.
It will be given back to the town of Siena before the two Palii of the following year, after the date and the name of the winning contradas, are registered on the back. There' s one for the Palio in July and another for the August Palio. Its value is unparalleled because it is a special historic era of Siena.
He has to adhere to a specific landmark that contains some holy icons, since the July Palace is devoted to Our Lady of Provenzano and August to Our Lady of the Ascension. They must contain the insignias of the town, those of the third part of the town and the icons or colours of the ten opponents taking part in the game.
For the first time, the Palio will be presented at a media briefing one weekend before the event in the inner court of the town hall's Podestà. Even though many events take place within each and every one of the contradas, the Palio is still the biggest, as it does not only take place in two of them.
From the early winters the heads of the horses speak and evolve strategy and make contact with the horses' hockey and herdsmen. The instructors train those who will participate in races in Piazza del Campo or in smaller Palios in the surrounding cities (la kosiddetta provincia) and take them to the trainings organised by the town in thepring.
Palio activity begins towards the end of May with the final round of draws for the three other seven who have won the right to compete. Kontrade begins to speak to the defined regions and groups about "deals" (jockeys' commitment) and "parties" (secret covenants for victory ), although they do not know which horses they will pull on the ticket.
Approximately one weeks before the event, the Palio (drappellone) will be presented to the town itself, which has asked a regional or international renowned artists (in the case of the Palio of July or a specific Palio) to design the work. On the first of the four festivals four-day raffle will take place to choose which winner will be awarded to whom opposition will go to it.
There is a pebble circuit around the course, coated with a mix of tufa, loam and sands. There are six tests where the rider has the possibility to get to know his own horses and the circuit itself, the sound and rhythm of the competition.
The Palio's rapprochement is marked by the probationary meal, the "Mass" of the joyies and the benediction of horses and jockeys. The third Palio, which can take place between May and September, is an exceptional Palio and is associated with important festivities or jubilees for the municipality of Siena.
This last exceptional Palio collapsed at the beginning of the new millenium. The competition took place on 9 September 2000 and was won by Selva (Wald), the young hockey Giuseppe Pes on the Urban II horses. Previously, the last special Palio took place on 13 September 1986 to commemorate the centennial of the repeal of the Balia and Viccherna RGD.
Formerly, the Third Palio was a way of honoring important visitors who crossed or visited Siena. Exceptional Palio of 7 June 1676 during the visits of the Lady of Prince Don Agostino Chigi to Siena and 15 June 1673 (not officially) in honour of Cardinal Flavio Chigi's in Siena.
The Grand Duke of Tuscany even asked for another round of Palio, perhaps nearer to the common. In the second half of the nineteenth centuary, the organization of exceptional Palios began to celebrate particular occasions instead of making illuminated sojourns. And in 1896 they even had four Palios, both common and two outrageous.
On the 16th of August the first exceptional event took place, which is regarded as exceptional, as it was applied for by the public, as the initial event was postponed to 25th August due to the relocation of the VIII Corps of Siena, and the second on 23rd September for the dedication of the memorial to Giuseppe Garibaldi.
In 1945 a third Palio, the "Palio of Peace", was taken by the population to mark the end of the Second World War and won by Gioacchino Calabro, who rides Rubacuori su Folco, for the Drago-Conda. A remarkable Palio was built in 1969 to remember the Apollo 11 mission's capture of the lunar surface.
That is the case on 28 May 1950, the fifth anniversary of the canonisation of Saint Bernard of Siena, and 5 June 1961, the centennial of the unification of Italy. The Palio has been the subject of a number of protest by a number of veterinary organisations in recent years, among them the Anti-Vivisection League. The most worrying are racial accidents which have caused accidents leading to accidents and, in some cases, the death of animals.
Results of the Palio accident percentages calculation differ according to who is causing them. 10 ] However, the Palio trailers' calculation for the same time frame shows a ratio of 2.05% of the number of deaths per journey. Much of the animal welfare legislation has only been designed and enforced since the 1990'; Palio advocates emphasise that the number of wounds has fallen dramatically since then.
Over the past few years Siena has taken a number of steps to protect the horse (and rider) before, during and after the event, but these actions are considered inadequate by some groups that still want to abolish the breed. The town council employees pull the cables tight right at the beginning of the event.
Every condominium is invited to take its place before the event. Last stallion to enter; the move is valid: It'?s the start of the game. Albumto Ricceri expressed his pleasure at the win on 16 August 2006 for Selva (Forest). That'?s the breed you see: Leap up ^ "The Palio Horserace - All Wins at the Palio di Siena from 1633 to 1691".
Released September 15, 2016. The Valdimontone jumper ^ The Valdimontone jumper, although her colours are amber, reddish and knows, has a way of winning the price for the jocket coat with it. Jumpingen Hochspringen ^ "Archive of the Palio of Siena". The Palio. Siena. It. The Palio Horse Race - Frequently Asked Questions about the horses".
Jumping up ^ "75 seconds to victory". Accessed September 21, 2009. High up ^ "Palio di Siena - vittorie". High jumping "Sergio Profeti, Le vere e degre ui nfortuni sulphurous, Ed.Sunto, 2004" (PDF). Leap up ^ see Rules of the Palio (Chapter IV - The Filing, Choice and Awarding of Horses) Art. 37:
leap up ^ see Regulation of the Palio (chapter 5, test and race jockey) . Skip up to: a ßcc Board of Work Statement, cit. 3. Campioni al pastcolo, di Gianni Perotti - Famiglia Cristiana Page 33 August 14, 2005 this report Archive on January 20, 2005. is The Breeding Center of weilderness.
Jumping up ^ "Palio di Siena, alcohol test for jockeys". Archiveed from the orginal on July 22, 2012. High ^ "ORDINANZA del 21uglio 2009". Sienna, the city of the Virgin Mary. "The Drama Review 29(3), 82-92. "Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 85, 261-291.
The encyclopaedia Britannica, "Siena", 1911. Siena Palio di Siena website - English summary.