sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
"Ottawa Advance-Ottawa-En Avant" Ottawa ("Listening"), ; Franco pronunciation: is Canada's main town. Situated on the Ottawa River's banks in the east of Südontario. The Ottawa is adjacent to Gatineau, Quebec, and forms the heart of the Ottawa-Gatineau census Metropolitan Area (CMA) and the National Capitals Region (NCR).
By 2016, Ottawa had an urban total of 964,743 and a large urban total of 1,323,783, making it the country's 4th and 5th cities and CMAs. Ottowa has the most highly trained of Canada's cities and hosts a number of post-secondary, research and culture facilities, such as the Nation wide Arts Centre, the Nationwide Gallery and a number of nationwide museum collections.
The Ottawa has the highest quality of life in the country and low levels of joblessness. The Ottawa Valleys became inhabitable with the drainage of the Champlain Sea about ten thousand years ago. Ottawa' river valleys have archeological remains with arrowheads, ceramics and stonework. Ottawa's three great tributaries flow together, making it an important trading and tourist area for millennia.
The Algonquins named the Ottawa River Kichi Sibi or Kichissippi which means "Great River" or "Grand River". 1826. Etienne Brûlé, the first ever traveller to cross the Ottawa River in Europe, came across Ottawa on his way to the Great Lakes in 1610. Samuel de Champlain three years later talked about the local cascades and his meetings with the Algonquins who have used the Ottawa River for hundreds of years.
Initially, the area' s map used the term Ottawa, deriving from the Algonquin term of "dawe " ("to act", used in relation to the meaning of the area for First Nations merchants) to refer to the area. On 7 March 1800, Philemon Wright, a New Englishman, founded the first village in the area on the northern side of the Danube, opposite the present town of Ottawa in Hull.
The pioneer of the Ottawa Valley wood trading industry (soon to become the region's most important business ), Wright transported wood across the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City. Bytown, Ottawa's first name, was established as a parish in 1826, when hundred of ground prospectors were drawn to the southern side of the stream, when word began to circulate that the UK government was immediately building the northern end of the Rideau Canal defence scheme at the site.
Ottawa's election proved to be the small boundary city of Ottawa for two major reasons: First, Ottawa's isolation in a hinterland bordered by thick forests, far from the Canadian-American boundary and on a rock face would better protect her from intrusion. Second, Ottawa was about halfway between Toronto and Kingston (West Canada) and Montreal and Quebec City (East Canada).
In addition, despite its isolated region, Ottawa had seasonally good transport to Montreal via the Ottawa River and to Kingston via the Rideau Waterway. Until 1854 it also had a state-of-the-art year-round railway in Bytown and Prescott that transported passenger, timber and 82 kilometres to Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River and beyond.
Ottawa's small stature was believed to make it less vulnerable to militant bullying, as had occurred in former Canada capital cities. The Ottawa was the only large estate already located directly on the boundary between the French inhabited former Lower Canada and the English inhabited former Upper Canada, making the choice an important additional policy choice.
The railway line established in 1854 in 1886 linked Ottawa via Hull and Lachute, Quebec, with the southern regions and the trans-continental railway area. Between 1859 and 1866, the Gothic revival was used to build the former parliament building with the central, eastern and western Block. Until 1885, Ottawa was the only Canadian town whose inner centre lighting was fully electric.
50 ] It also sprawled across the Ottawa River and devastated about a fifth of Ottawa from the Lebreton Flats southern to Booth Street and down to Dow's Lake. The Grand Trunk Railway opened both the Château Laurier and the neighboring Union Station in the city center on June 1, 1912. In 1938 it was rebuilt as a ceremony center as part of the City Beautiful Movement and in 1939 it was declared the site of the National War Memorial and in 1984 the National Historic Site.
57 ] A new main postal station (today the Privy Council of Canada) was erected next to the war memorial in 1939 because the former postal station had to be torn down on the planned Confederation Square site. Ottawa's former industry image was greatly changed by the 1950 Greber Agenda. Greber's plans include the establishment of the National Capital Greenbelt, the Parkway, the Queensway Highway System, the transfer of the downtown Union Station (now the GCC ) to the outskirts, the distance of the tramway system, the decentralisation of select GRC agencies, the transfer of industry and the distance of inferior dwellings from the city centre, and the establishment of the Rideau Canal and the Ottawa River Paths, to name but a few of his suggestions.
Over the past 50 years, other committees, schemes and project had not implemented schemes to enhance equity, such as the Ottawa Improvement Commission (OIC) of 1899, The Todd Plan of 1903, The Holt Report of 1915 and The Federal District Commission (FDC) of 1927. In 1958, a new town hall was opened on the Rideau-Fall in the Green Island, where regeneration had recently turned this former industry site into grass.
Previously, for 27 years (1931-1958), the Town Hall was housed briefly in the traffic centre next to the Union Station, now part of the Rideau Centre. The Ottawa City Hall reverted to the city centre in 2001 to construct a relatively new 1990 structure on 110 Laurier Avenue West, the former home of the now-defunct Ottawa-Carleton regional community.
The new site was near the first (1849-1877) and second (1877-1931) town halls of Ottawa. The new town house also included an adjoining renovated 19 th centuries edifice formerly known as the Ottawa Normal School. 65 ] Ottawa became one of Canada's ample high-tech municipality and was known as Silicon Valley North.
Ottawa summer is sunny and wet. Smoldering temperatures above 30 C (86 F) have already occured in April or only in October. Ottawa map with city areas and historical community name. The population of the city of Ottawa and the population of the Gatineau Ottawa County Area ( CMA ) in 2011 was 883,391 and 1,236,324 respectively.
113 ] The town had a 316 people. 113 ] It is the second biggest town in Ontario, the 4th biggest town in the county and the 4th biggest CMA in the county. The ByWard Market (in Lower Town), Parliament Hill and the Golden Triangle (both in Centretown - Downtown) are the traditional centres of the Ottawa culture scene.
Ottawa, Canada's capitol, has hosted a number of important historical landmarks, such as the first official attendance of the ruling ruler of Canada, George VI, with his wife Queen Elizabeth, at his home on May 19, 1939. VE-Tag ( "VE Day") was commemorated on 8 May 1945 with a large celebration, the first hoisting of the country's new flags took place on 15 February 1965, and the centenary of the Confederation was commemorated on 1 July 1967.
Elizabeth II was in Ottawa on 17 April 1982 to make a regal declaration of the passing of the constitutional law. 154 ] In 1983 Prince Charles and Diana Princess of Wales came to Ottawa for a state meal organized by the then Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. 155 ] In 2011 Ottawa was chosen as the first municipality to be given to Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, during their journey through Canada.
Affected by state structure, much of the city's architectural style is more formal and formal, but the town is also characterised by a number of idyllic and scenic architectural elements, such as the historic architectural style of the parliament complex. Ottawa's house design is predominantly single-family, but also comprises a smaller number of semi-detached, terraced and multi-family dwellings.
Ottawa City is a one-tier community, i.e. it is a community based community, and has no district or provincial governments above it. Ottawa is a single-stage community responsible for all community service activities, such as fire, rescue, policing, parking, roads, pavements, transportation, drinking potable beverages, rainwater, sanitation, and solids.
The Ottawa is ruled by the 24-member Ottawa City Council, which consists of 23 council members, each of whom represents one station, and the Lord Mayor, currently Jim Watson, who was voted in by a city-wide vote. The OC Transpo, an office of the town, runs the local transportation system. 181 ] Both OC Transpo and Quebec-based Société de transportation de l'Outaouais (STO) provide coach connections between Ottawa and Gatineau.
There are two large open air campuses in the city: Ottawa College (originally called the College of Bytown) was the first post-secondary institute founded in the town in 1848. 195 ] The college is located between Old Ottawa South and Dow's Lake. The Ottawa region also has two schools - Algonquin College and La Cité colégiale.
There are other higher education institutions and university in the immediate vicinity (namely the neighboring town of Gatineau) such as the University of Quebec en Outaouais, Cégep de l'Outaouais and Heritage College. Ottawa has four major government education agencies: With 147 member institutions, the English-speaking Ottawa-Carleton District Schools Board (OCDSB) is the biggest body, followed by the English-Catholic Ottawa Catholic SCHools board with 85 member institutions.
199 ] Ottawa also has many privately run colleges that are not part of a boarding school. Ottawa prints three major locally-based dailies: two British dailies, the Ottawa Citizen, founded in 1845 as the Bytown Packet, and the Ottawa Sun, with a combined print run of 900,197 and 274,628 copies per week, and a Le Droit paper.
Another free commute newspaper, Metro Ottawa, was added in the 2000s. Ottawa is home to several domestic news companies, such as CPAC (Canada's Nationwide Broadcasting Corporation) and the office personnel of practically all of Canada's large news gathering organisations in TV, Radio and printed publications.
It is also the home of the headquarters of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, although it is not the main manufacturing site for most CBC radios and TV programs. The Ottawa is a partnership with: Meanwhile, the initial judges (also known as the Ottawa Hockey Club) won eleven Stanley Cups, not the present organisation, which was formed in 1990.
The NHL and the senior officials do not say that the present senior officials are a sequel to the initial organisation or deductible. "The Ottawa Book of Everything" (PDF). Archives from the PDF file of April 26, 2012. Returned on July 14, 2011. See a bar "Population and housing figures, for Canada and municipal breakdowns, 2006 and 2011 100% statistics".
Brought back on February 10, 2010. Returned on September 23, 2011. Housing and demographic figures, for the major regions, 2006 and 2011 100% surveys. Returned on September 23, 2011. Ottawa City Design C. Ottawa.ca. Archives from the orginal of 18 January 2012. Brought back on October 26, 2011. Ottawa.ca. 2011.
Brought back on October 26, 2011. <font color="#ffff00">Global Downtown G.P.D. 2014 <font color="#ffff00">-==- proudly presents Archives from the originals on 4 June 2013. Returned on November 18, 2014. June 22, 2011, p. 13 TIME PLAN (Section 2) "Description of the National Capital Region". Returned on July 8, 2011. Is Ottawa the cleverest town in Canada? Returned on June 26, 2013.
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Archives from the orginal from 8. January 2007. Brought back on December 24, 2010. Why was Ottawa elected federal capital? Archives from the originals on 2 February 2011. Returned on November 25, 2014. Ottawa Story - 1886-1890. Archives from the originals on 2 January 2013. Returned on August 10, 2011.
Archives from the originals on 28 December 2014. Report of the Ottawa and Hull Fire Relief Fund, 1900, Ottawa (PDF). Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on 6 July 2011. Returned on July 7, 2011. Ottawa's old station: a 100-year time line. www.ottawacitizen.com. Chains of office: Historical biographies of the early Ottawa burgomasters (1847-1948).
Returned on April 16, 2016. The Gréber Report. ottawa.ca. Archives from the orginal on 6 October 2014. Archive from the 15th of November 2007. Brought back on November 1, 2009. City of Ottawa Act, 1999, chapitre 14, annexe two. Returned on September 29, 2011. Watson won the Ottawa Mayor's Races.
October 25, 2010. Archives from the originals on 27 October 2010. October 10, 2012. Citizens of Ottawa. October 11, 2012. Ottawa's LRT launch will be postponed until 2019. Bounced 2018-10-08. Returned on 27 May 2011. Archives from the orginal on 18 May 2011. Returned on March 13, 2011. Earthquake (Ottawa). Archives from the originals on 8 April 2013.
Returned on April 4, 2013. Ottawa tremors. Citizens of Ottawa. Archives from the originals on 13 February 2012. Returned on April 17, 2011. June 23rd, 2010. Archives from the orginal on 26 June 2010. Returned on June 23, 2010. Ottawa tremors. Returned on May 17, 2013. March 7, 2011. Archives from the orginal on 10 June 2011.
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Returned on June 10, 2016. September 22, 2015. Returned on June 10, 2016. Daily data report for August 1884. September 22, 2015. Returned on June 10, 2016. Daily data report for February 2011. September 22, 2015. Returned on June 10, 2016. Daily data report for March 2012. September 22, 2015.
Returned on June 10, 2016. September 22, 2015. Returned on June 10, 2016. Returned on February 25, 2017. July 2, 2013. Returned on July 19, 2013. Daily data report for October 2015. September 22, 2015. Returned on February 9, 2016. Daily data report for March 2012. September 22, 2015. Returned on June 10, 2016.
September 22, 2015. Returned on June 10, 2016. July 2, 2018. Returned on July 3, 2018. ManyEyes Map Viewer Ottawa. University of Ottawa Neighborhood Study. Archives from the originals, 19 August 2014. Returned on August 15, 2014. Rural Communities in Ottawa. Rural Council of Ottawa-Carleton. Returned on June 2, 2011.
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July 4, 2012. Archives from the originals on 15 January 2013. Brought back on March 18, 2013. 2001 Community Profiles - Ottawa, Ontario (City)". Returned on September 22, 2011. Census profiles 2006 - Ottawa, Ontario (City)". Returned on September 22, 2011. 2001 Community Profiles Ottawa, Ontario.
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Archives from the orginal on 12 November 2011. Returned on August 3, 2011. Total Employment, Ottawa and Gatineau, 1987-2007" (PDF). Ottawa town. Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on August 10, 2011. Returned on August 3, 2011. <font color="#ffff00">Mercer's 2014 Quality of Life Citylist Poll <font color="#ffff00">City List <font color="#ffff00">Mercer's 2014
Returned on January 15, 2016. August 16, 2010. Returned on June 30, 2010. Employment Ottawa CMHC. Archives from the orginal from 11. June 2013. Returned on August 3, 2011. Archives from the originals on 16 September 2014. Returned on September 19, 2014. About Ottawa, Canada's capital. Ottawa town. Returned on August 15, 2014.
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Returned on August 5, 2011. Ottawa.ca. Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on 28 December 2011. Returned on August 3, 2011. Ottawa Labour Market Monitor, December 2010. January 21, 2011. Archives from the orginal on 29 May 2009. Returned on August 2, 2011. Buckland, Jason (July 4, 2010). Returned on July 13, 2011.
Ottawa Bluesfest. Ottawa Information Guide. 2011. Archives from the originals on 4 July 2011. Returned on June 29, 2011. 2011. Archives from the originals on 8 July 2011. Returned on June 29, 2011. IFEA World Festival & Event City Award 2010 ". September 16, 2010. Archives from the originals on 13 July 2011.
Returned on June 29, 2011. J. L. Granatstein (21 March 2005). June 22nd, 2011. Returned on June 25, 2011. 2011. Returned on June 1, 2011. October 10, 2008. Archives from the orginal on 9 May 2011. Returned on June 8, 2011. National Gallery of Canada - Ottawa Tourism Official Site". Ottawatourism.ca. Archives from the orginal on 6 October 2011.
Returned on June 7, 2011. Returned on October 7, 2011. Canada (19 January 2011). Returned on June 7, 2011. Returned on November 3, 2010. August 25, 2009. Returned on October 7, 2011. Cities of Ottawa Museums and Histories. Ottawa town. Archives from the orginal on 30 May 2011. Returned on June 7, 2011.
March 17, 1970. Returned on June 7, 2011. January 13, 2011. Returned on September 1, 2011. UNESCO designates World Heritage Site, BBC News, 28 June 2007. Returned on January 14, 2008. Ottawa town. 2011. Returned on June 8, 2011. June 29, 2011. Returned on July 29, 2011. Archives from the originals on 27 July 2011.
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Archives from the originals on 8 July 2011. Returned on June 23, 2010. Archives from the orginal from 27. January 2012. Returned on October 17, 2011. Short facts about Ottawa. Ottawa town. Returned on June 30, 2010. "Ottawa's technology vector from here? The Ottawa Business Journal. Archives from the originals on 28 September 2007.
Brought back on April 16, 2007. University of Ottawa - Quick Facts 2014 (PDF). Ottawa University. Brought back on October 15, 2014. February 18, 2011. Returned on May 25, 2012. Brought back on October 15, 2014. Archives from the orginal on 12 April 2011. Returned on March 13, 2011. Ottawa Catholic School Board. Residential schools Ottawacatholicschools.ca. Archives from the originals on 11 March 2011.
Returned on March 13, 2011. Returned on March 13, 2011. Returned on March 13, 2011. Notices from the Ottawa room..... Carnegie Library - Ottawa's first public library - 100 years old on April 30, 2006". The Ottawa Public Library. Archives from the originals on 6 July 2011. Returned on March 12, 2011. The Ottawa Public Library.
Archives from the PDF file dated June 7, 2011. Returned on March 12, 2011. Returned on July 20, 2018. Ottawa and Beijing Sign Town Twinning Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada. Returned on August 8, 2011. Nurse town contracts. Archives from the originals on 13 March 2012. Returned on November 1, 2012.
Archives from the originals, 24 September 2015. Extremely high and low temperature in the following tables were registered in Ottawa from March 1872 until October 1889 and in Ottawa CDA from November 1889 until today. "The Ottawa Old and New." The Ottawa Historical Information Institute. Hale, James (2011). Trommer's Ottawa.
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