Notre Dame Cathedral Paris

Cathedral Notre Dame Paris

The Notre-Dame de Paris, also called Notre-Dame Cathedral, Cathedral in Paris, France. Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral, a masterpiece of Gothic architecture, is the most visited monument in France. Explore the address of the Cathedral Notre-Dame de Paris and its opening hours and visit this attraction, a Gothic art jewel full of spirituality. The cathedral Notre Dame (full name: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, "Our Lady of Paris") is a beautiful cathedral on the Île de la Cité in Paris. The towers of Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral.

* History>

Notre Dame de Paris (French: The cathedral [n?t?? dam d? pa?i] ("Our Lady of Paris"), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or just Notre-Dame, is a mediaeval cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the 4th district of Paris, France. The cathedral is one of the most beautiful specimens of French Gothic.

Its ribbed vaulted ceiling and buttresses, its huge and colourful rosette window, its naturalistic style and the richness of its sculpted decorations distinguish it from the former Romance style. The cathedral of the Archdiocese of Paris, Notre-Dame contains the cathedral of the Archbishop of Paris, currently Michel Aupetit.

Louis VII of France (reigned 1137-1180) wanted to erect memorials to show that Paris was the French capitol of politics, economy and culture. Maurice de Sully, who was promoted to bishop in 1160, had the old cathedral demolished to its foundation walls and began building a bigger and higher cathedral.

It was originally designed as a long four-storey longhouse without a transsept. In 1160 Maurice de Sully (called Bishop of Paris) demolishes the Cathedral. In 1163 the foundation stone for Notre-Dame de Paris is placed; start of work. In 1245-1260s transepts were redesigned in the rayon styling by Jean de Chelles and Pierre de Montreuil.

Subsequent abutments of the Notre Dame vestibule (14th century) reach 15 metres from the walls to the abutments. During a rampage in 1548, riotous French men destroyed some of the Notre Dame sculptures that they considered idolaters. 12 ] During the reign of Louis XIV and Louis XV, the cathedral was rebuilt several times to reflect the more classic styles of the time.

In the second half of the eighteenth c. the tower, which had been destroyed by the winds, was dismantled. Napoleon Bonaparte, the new sovereign, concluded a contract for the restoration of the cathedral in July 1801. The cathedral sustained some small damages from lost orb.

At the 26th of August a procession was celebrated in the cathedral, in which General Charles De Gaulle and General Philippe Leclerc participated. Top of the cathedral, which was built in the 13th to 18th centuries. It has 387 stairs and stops in the Gothic hallway on the rosette windows plane, where the visitor can overlook the river and see a magnificent exhibition of early epochs of the cathedral's epoch.

On the aisle and the alter is the top of the cathedral. It was built in the thirteenth and eighteenth centuries, probably between 1220 and 1230. Total weight of the tower is 750 tonnes. According to Viollet-le-Duc's designs, the tower is encircled by the twelve apostles' bronze sculptures, in four groups of three, one group at each point of the composition.

With the exception of one, all the sculptures look to Paris; the sculpture of St. Thomas, the architect's protector, looks at the tower and has the characteristics of Viollet-le-Duc. On the top of the church tower, the cock contains three reliquaries; a small part of the crown of thorns in the cathedral treasure chamber; and reliquaries of Denis and St. Genevieve, the protector of Paris.

Much of the statue, especially the grotesque, was taken off the façade in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries or demolished during the French Revolution. Further motifs in the corner around the rosette are Jesus' descent into hell, Adam and Eve, the resurrection of Christ. Peter and Paul are at the bottom of the windows, Mary Magdalene and John the Apostle at the top.

Jacques Le Chevallier's new window is without man and uses abstracted gridaille design and colours to reflect the cathedral's radiance in the thirteenth cent. Notre-Dame de Paris archaeological crypt. In his 1323 essay on the praises of Paris, John of Jandun recognised the cathedral as one of the three most important monuments of Paris:

François Thierry substituted one of the first in Notre-Dame, constructed by Friedrich Schambantz in 1403, between 1730 and 1738. While Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was restoring the cathedral, Aristide Cavaillé-Coll constructed a new church with pipes of the old musicals. In Notre-Dame, the title organsist ("head" or "chief" organisist; French: titanaires des grand orgues) is one of the most renowned organists in France, together with the title organsist of Saint Sulpice in Paris, the greatest guitar of Cavaillé-Coll.

There are 10 clocks in the cathedral. Emmanuel, the biggest, originally in 1681, is situated in the southern spire and has a weight of just over 13 tonnes and is used to celebrate the occasion and for various events and mass. They were to be used to substitute nine of those that had been taken out of the cathedral during the Revolution and rang for various worship and feasts.

It was Emmanuel's romp that proclaimed to the town that its freedom was underway on the 24th August 1944 when the Île de la Cité was taken over by an outpost of French and Allied tank forces and resistance to it. Simultaneously, a much bigger belltower named Marie was poured in the Dutch town of Asten by Royal Eijsbouts - she now stands with Emmanuel in the southern spire.

At the same date (31 January 2013), the 9 new clocks supplied to the cathedral[32] are intended to reflect the sound and sound of the cathedral's first clock. A cathedral in Notre-Dame exists. In 1200, this association of professors and pupils developed into the University of Paris in an order by King Philippe-Auguste.

1185: Heraclius of Caesarea invites the third crusade from the still uncompleted cathedral. St. Louis erected the crown of thorns in the cathedral during the building of the Sainte-Chapelle. April 24, 1558: Mary, Queen of Scotland, is wed to the Dauphin Francis (later Francis II of France), the son of Henry II of France.

Notre-Dame' s novel The Hunchback was written by the famous novelist Victor Hugo. After a fierce contest (with the likes of Charles-Marie Widor) against the 500 most gifted organists of the time, Louis Vierne is named Notre-Dame de Paris' organiser. Louis Vierne died on the cathedral organs on 2 June 1937 (as was his life-long wish) at the end of his 1750s.

He covertly ties a barbed-wire between the two Notre Dame spires and crosses them with ropes. The Magnificat of this event is followed by the Mass of Pope John Paul II on the Cathedral's cloister. Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger, former Archbishop of Paris and renowned Catholic Jews, is celebrating the Requiem Mass.

Bomb attack on the cathedral of Notre Dame. Detainees after a wagon full of explosive was found next to the cathedral. This cathedral is known for its Lenten homilies, established in the 1860s by the illustrious Dominicans, Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire. The façade of Notre-Dame de Paris. The name Notre Dame, which means "Our Lady" in French, is often used in the name of the cathedral of Chartres, Reims and Rouen.

Leap up ^ "History of the construction of Notre Dame de Paris" (in French). Leap up ^ "History of the construction of Notre Dame de Paris" (in French). Leap up ^ "History of the construction of Notre Dame de Paris" (in French). Spring up ^ Caroline Bruzelius, The Construction of the Notre-Dame in Paris, in The Art Bulletin, Volume 69, No. 69 (Dec. 1987), pp. 540-569.

Leap upwards ^ Paul Williamson (April 10, 1995). Spring upwards ^ Caroline Bruzelius, The Construction of the Notre-Dame in Paris, in The Art Bulletin, Volume 69, No. 69 (Dec. 1987), pp. 540-569. Leap upwards ^ "History of the construction of Notre Dame de Paris" (in French). Skip up to: a big Jason Chavis.

"of Notre Dame Cathedral in France". Leap up ^ "Visiting the Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris: Leap up ^ "History of the construction of Notre Dame de Paris" (in French). High ^ Viollet-le-Duc, Eugéne, Dictionnaire Raisonné de l'architecture Française du ^Ie au XVI siècle, Band 6. High ^ Frazer, James George (1933) ed.

131-, Riley (1851), p. 216, tr. High ^ Viollet-le-Duc, Eugéne, Dictionnaire Raisonné de l'architecture Française du ^Ie au XVI siècle, Band 6. Leap up ^ "West Roses Windows of Notre Dame de Paris, Notre Dame Cathedral West Roses Windows, detail, digital and special collections, Georgetown University Library".

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{\a6}(in French). Archaeological Crypt of Notre-Dame Square Website Relieved June 15, 2012. Erik Inglis, "Gothic architecture and a scholasticism: The Tractatus de laudibus Parisius (1323) by Jean de Jandun," Gesta, XLII/1 (2003), 63-85. skip to top ^ "Le Figaro Artikel vom 9. November 2012 (in French)". High ^ "Les Neuf Celoches Geantes Sont Arrives A Notre Dame De Paris".

L'Express (in French). Press and Communication Service of Notre-Dame-de-Paris Cathedral, November 2014. Hiatt, Charles, Notre Dame de Paris: a brief story & account of the cathedral, (George Bell & Sons, 1902), 12. Leap upwards ^ Daniel Stone (2001). Leap to the top is the 850th anniversary of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.

GIIE ATOUT FRANCE. Leap up ^ "Notre-Dame Cathedral evacuates after man has committed suicide". Up Frémont, Anne-Laure. "Right-wing historian committed suicide in Notre Dame." The Figaro (in French). Highjump ^ McAuley, James (February 10, 2016). "In the aftermath of the Louvre assault, France is thwarting another act of terrorism." "of Notre-Dame in Paris.

Paris Cathedral, 1290-1350. Monuments Historiques' Mediterranean databank (in French). Étienne. France:

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