New Burmese PresidentBurmese President
Favourite of democracies
Myanmar's government has appointed an associate of de facto head Aung San Suu Kyi as president. Hadin kyaw suddenly stepped down as president last weekend. Aung San Suu Kyi's 66-year-old de-facto leader's allies have been parliamentary president since 2016, just after the National League for Democracy (NLD) sweeps the election last November.
Win Myint stepped down as spokesman for the lower chamber last weekend to become deputy president. His election as President was thus paving the way for three Vice-Presidents to be selected by a meeting of the two chambers of parliamen. It won 403 votes from the 636 legislators in a poll largely divided along the NLD and military lines. 403 of the 636 legislators voted in favour.
Myanmar's army reigned the land for almost half a hundred years until a gradual democratic transformation in 2016. Militaries still control safety. According to the bill, it retains 25 per cent of parliamentary seat and three cabinet safety posts. Win Myint and Htin Kyaw are both strong supporters of Suu Kyi, who is excluded from the EU Chairmanship under the military's 2008 drafting.
Instead, the Nobel Prize winner is holding the honorary seat of a Council of State, a post she has called "above the President". Myint joins the Council Chairmanship because the state is under increasing global pressures as it is accused of raheid by Rohingya Muslims. Meanwhile, the civil regime has struggled to implement a nationwide conciliation effort, while the army continues to fight several long-running uprisings.
Aung San Suu Kyi, sister of the murdered founder of Myanmar, came back to her homeland in the 1980' after she studied in England and started a school. It became a pivotal player in the 1988 uprising against the country's army rut. It won a parliamentary chair when Myanmar began its passage from warlordship.
She has been the de facto civil head of the state since the parliamentary election in 2015, although she is the official Secretary of State and State Councillor under President Htin Kyaw. The Rohingya are a predominantly Moslem ethnical group whose nationality was withdrawn in 1982 by Myanmar's Buddhist governing group. Prosecuted long ago, their predicament worsened in 2016, when the army began what it called" evacuation" of unlawful migrants - but what groups such as Human Rights Watch have called "ethnic cleansing".
In 2016, when she became a councillor, Suu Kyi appointed a committee to examine allegations of horrors against the Rohingya in Rakhine state. There is widespread talk that Win Myint could try to gain more power, which is permitted under the country's constitutional law, but is actually being held up by Suu Kyi.
Khin Zaw Win, however, a political interest group's Tampadipa Institute executive secretary, said the new president will stay under Suu Kyi's oversight. "For those who ask, he will forever be Aung San Suu Kyi's sidekick," he said. "But I don't look forward to much changes in the chairmanship unless Win Myint puts the country's interests before those of Aung San Suu Kyi and the army.
" Who' s Win Myint? Vin Myint was borne in 1951 in the Irrawaddy Delta. The man had been detained several occasions under army command, among other things after the 1988 outcry. "No resentment against the army, but I want my boy with me on a date like this," he said after taking the post of President of the House in March 2016.
Win Myint won a parliamentary chair for the NLD in a 1990 elections that were quickly overturned by the war. It was also appointed in 2012 and 2015.