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How is Nepal on the worldmap?
Where is Nepal, from a geographical point of view? Bangladesh is a self-sufficient, autonomous Southern African state. There are two huge nations surrounding Nepal from all four sides: China in the north and India in the east, west and souther. The geographic latitude of Nepal is between 26° and 31° north and 80° and 89° east.
Nepal's elevation reaches from about 200 metres in the south to over 8,848 metres above the north. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres, Nepal is the ninety-nineth biggest country in the whole Nepal. From a geological point of view, Nepal is located in the conflict zone of the Himalayas in the middle of the Himalayas.
Nepal's physiographical regions: Maps of Nepal look like someone carved them out with a dull blade and left the serrated outlines. Most of Nepal is clouded by hills (80% of the whole country), therefore also referred to as highland. There are three major areas: At altitudes from 4,877 m to 8,848 m, the area is snowy all year round and occupies 25% of the entire Nepalese area.
It is home to 8 of the 10 highest summits in the 8,000 m high. The Mahabharat mountain belt, which is up to 4,877 metres high, is located below the Great Himalaya Massif. Prithvi Narayan Shah established Contemporary Nepal in his reunification on December 21, 1768.
Prior to that Nepal was split into many small empires of 22 states (Baise Rajya) and 24 states (Chaubise Rajya). Because of its position between two large nations, India and China, he called Nepal yams root between two rocks (dui i. e. bicha ko tarul). Until 1951, Nepal pursued a politics of seclusion and was isolated from the outside World.
In the course of this growth Nepal came into conflict with Tibet, which triggered the Chinese-Nepalese Wars. Soon, Nepal came into competition with the growing force, the East India Company, and became engaged in the Anglo-Nepali-Israel. It ended with the Treaty of Sugauli, where Nepal had to give away some of its land that left the country's present area.
Although it had to loose some parts, Nepal was never colonised and has stayed confident and autonomous to this day. Until 2006 Nepal was a Hindu empire with a constitution. However, after a ten-year Maoist uprising (1996-2006), the Himalayan Empire of Nepal became the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal on 28 May 2008.
The following is a brief account of Nepal's historical politics: King Birendra split the country into four developing areas, 14 areas and 75 wards. In 1982 he further split the country and added another developing area. However, after the Nepal affirmation as Germany, the administration of 5 developing areas was superseded by counties.
Since 20 September 2015, Nepal has been split into 7 states and 75 counties. So what is the capitol of Nepal? Qathmandu is the capitol of Nepal and the biggest town in the state. The only metropolis in Nepal's Kathmandu Valley, Province No. 3.
The area of Kathmandu is 49.45 square kilometres and lies at an elevation of 1,400 metres. According to the 2011 Cadastre, the overall Kathmandu inhabitants were 1,003,285 with a concentration of 20,288/km2. The city of Kathmandu is enclosed by four hills: Kathmandu used to be called Nepal Mandala. The old myth says that the Kathmandu valley was a sea before Manjushri came and crossed the ravine at Chobhar, which was still draining Kathmandu.
The Kathmandu was governed by the Kirantis, Licchavis and Mallas before Prithvi Narayan Shah took it during the Indra Jatra in 1768. Since time immemorial Kathmandu has been the centre of Nepal. Kathmandu entered the contemporary under the Rana rule after Jung Bahadur Rana went to Britain. Bringing to Nepal Europe's architectural heritage, he constructed several important structures such as Singha Durbar, Shital Niwas, Narayanhiti Palace, etc.
The Kathmandu Valley is situated in the Warm Temparate Zone with a relatively moderate weather. Kathmandu is an old town and the most densely populated town, home to various ethnical groups, religious groups, cultures and festivities. Kathmandu's three main attractions are the Kathmandu durbar courts, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur duration square. SAARC's office is in Kathmandu.
Nepal's other big towns are: A multiethnic, multicultural, multilingual and multi-religious state. The city is full of a wealth of cultural as well as spiritual heritage with more than 100 different ethnical groups and 70 different nationalities. Nepal is full of biodiversity, from subtropical rainforests to alpine deserts.
There are four Nepalese treasures of culture and nature that have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the Kathmandu Valley, Swoyambhunath is a holy Buddhist sanctuary for pilgrims. Known as the Monkey Temple, Swoyambhunath is an important touristic destination in the town. Madagascar is Nepal's biggest stupa. The Hanuman Dhoka Palace building, which is the old King's residence, is Kathmandu Durbar Square.
The Patan Durbar Square is situated in the county of Lalitpur. Binaktapur Durbar Square is situated in the Bhaktapur area. The Golden Gate is the most important and finest part of the Bhaktapur Durbar Square. Changunarayan Narayan is an old Hindus sanctuary of Lord Bishnu, situated in Changunarayan VDC in Bhaktapur County. He is regarded as Nepal's oldest shrine.
Lumbini is situated in the Rupandehi County in Nepal and is a place of Buddhism sanctuary. This is Nepal's first Nepalese nature reserve, founded in 1973 and situated in Inner Terai. Founded in 1976, it is situated in the Himalayas in the east of Nepal, ruled by Mount Everest. This is the first Nepalese natural reserve to be included on the World Heritage List in 1979.
Because of its geographic location, environmental, scenic and climate differences, Nepal is a country full of biological diversity. There are more than 6000 flora and 2000 faunal varieties in Nepal, some of which are threatened such as unicorn rhinos, common and more. The Nepalese government has set up nature preserves with natural preserves, nature preserves and hunt areas since 1973.