sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
Formerly Nelspruit, Mbombela is a town in the northeast of South Africa. This is the main town of the county of Mpumalanga. Situated on the Crocodile River, Mbombela is about 110 kilometers from the Mozambique frontier, 330 kilometers from Johannesburg and 82 kilometers from Swaziland.
In 1895 Mbombela was established as Nelspruit by three Nel brother farmers who pastured their animals during the cold season. Throughout the Boer War it briefly acted as the residence of the South African Republik (not to be mixed up with the South African Republic), an autonomous Boer state.
It was an important stop for the East Line, which was constructed by the Netherlands-South African Railway Company at the end of the nineteenth centuries and led from the recently found Witwatersrand Golden Fields to Delagoa Bay (modern Maputo) in Portuguese East Africa (modern Mozambique). However, the exploration of Au in the area in places such as Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton, Mpumalanga further promoted it.
Mybombela and the surroundings contain sand arts. There is a University of Applied Sciences for Technology and Vocational Training (TVET) in the town. Lowveld Agricultural college is situated just outside the town opposite the province of Mpumalanga. The Tshwane University of Technology has its own warehouse in Mbombela with well over 1,500 current and prospective international campuses.
The UNISA has an urban offices and provides correspondence training. There are four large grammar colleges in the town. The Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Cultures of the Agricultural Research Council and the Botanical Garden Lowveld are located in Mbombela. CRI has a large institution in the town. Lowveld Agricultural College also researches in the area of plant sciences.
Maputo Corridor is an important trading lane that connects Johannesburg with Maputo in Mozambique. Together with the Trans Kalahari Corridor, it makes up a transportation case that traverses the whole subcontinent from Walvis Bay in Namibia on the Atlantic to Maputo on the Indian Ocean. There are two airfields in the town.
The Kruger Mpumalanga International Airports were opened in 2001 - about 25 km northeast of the town - with regular services to Johannesburg, Cape Town and Durban. The Nelspruit airfield is just outside the town and is the town's traditional airfield, belonging to and run by the town. It is an important stop for Kruger National Park and Mozambique visitors.
Mozambique tourism stimulates the city's economic development considerably. A lot of Mozambic and Swaziland residents come to Mbombela to buy food every month. Emnotweni Casino is the home of Mbombela on its way to the White River. For the 2010 FIFA World Cup? a soccer and rugby arena has been built in Mbombela.
Completed in November 2009, it was given the name Mbombela Stadium and has a seating capacity of 43,500. There were two test games of football in 2013, with Italy holding Samoa against Scotland ahead of South Africa. Premier Soccer League games are held at the stadium on a frequent basis with Bidvest wits, Kaizer chiefs, Orlando Pirates and Mpumalanga Black Aces, who play home on a frequent basis.
lowveld media is a significant newspaper printing material printing and publishing company in the area. The most important papers are Lowvelder, Mpumalanga News and Nelspruit Post. SABC has a local branch in the town. FM Ligwalagwala is the biggest SABC own broadcasting company in the town and province of Mpumalanga. Mybombela has its own variation of the concerto in the Lowveld Botanical Garden with concerts by Lowveld performers every year.
Every year Mbombela organizes several events of a rural and intercultural nature. It has a powerful, consumer-oriented retailing system that is significantly strengthened by neighbouring Mozambique and Swaziland tourism. Riverside and Ilanga Mall are the most important ones and the main ones are the Riverside and Ilanga Malles. In recent times, several other venues have been added to the town, such as "The Crossing shopping centre" and "The town centre".
This is an important junction for agriculture in the northeast of South Africa. The most important industrial sectors are the production of preserves, juices and extracts of fruits and other products. Mbombela' is a partner: It has a wet semi-tropical microclimate (Köppen Cwa) with moderate winter and summer sun. Winter in the cities are arid, with relatively cold daytime and cold nights.