Natural Gas Power Plantgas-fired power plant
However, the study shows that the risks of over-dependence on natural gas can be eliminated by significantly increasing the use of renewables and improving our power supply's power-economy. This technology is already on the rise across the whole nation and shows that it can provide electricity that is cheap, dependable and low in CO
A sensible policy would allow these technology to thrive and natural gas would have a useful, albeit restricted, part in a cleaner world. Power companies are opting more and more for natural gas instead of coal to meet their power needs, due to higher carbon costs, sharply falling natural gas costs and antipollution measures by coal-fired power-plant.
Between 2007 and 2013, the proportion of the US power market accounted for by coals fell from around half to only 39 per cent in only six years, while the proportion of natural gas production rose from 22 per cent to 27 per cent. With more and more coal-fired power stations shutting down in the coming few weeks and years, the decisions taken by energy suppliers will have a significant impact on our economies, our public health and our environment.
Combustion of natural gas instead of coals provides important and immediate advantages, among them less atmospheric and hydraulic contamination, less chimney emission, less consumption of hydroelectric power, greater power network versatility and a return to regional economies with high gas use. But those bonuses must be balanced thoroughly against the risk associated with this speedy introduction of natural gas.
The growing dependency on natural gas in power generating leads to peaks in household and corporate power prices. Natural gas has a well-regarded history of volatile prices due to the way it is produced, stored and transmitted, the fact that it delivers many end uses, and its vulnerability to severe meteorological conditions.
As natural gas-fired power supplies become more expensive, the increased cost can lead to higher power tariffs, especially in areas that are highly dependent on natural gas. While the recent surge in US slate gas output has led to low natural gas-pricing, it has not removed the volatile nature of gas-pricing - or the risks of significant increases in the coming years.
As with all fossilized fuel, the use of natural gas to generate power leads to the emission of CO2 and thus helps to cause worldwide heating. Whereas chimney emission from the incineration of natural gas is significantly lower than that from carbon, greenhouse gas emission goes beyond the chimneys of power plants. Natural gas production, supply and disposal leads to the emission of natural gas - a strong greenhouse gas that is 34x higher than CO2 if it stores warmth over a 100-year time frame - which reduces the climatic benefits of natural gas over carbon.
In addition, the growing dependence on natural gas could slow down the use of much cleaner renewables and increase the likelihood that we will not achieve the emission cuts needed to prevent the most serious impacts of CCS. Gas extraction, especially hydraulics Fractionation, also poses significant threats to human safety and the enviroment.
This includes possible impurities in the supply of potable and potable waters by chemical substances used in the process of fracturation and atmospheric pollutants from the operation of natural gas. In contrast to fossilized combustibles, power from renewables is not exposed to volatile prices. As soon as a plant for renewables is constructed, the combustible - windpower and photovoltaic - is free and ensures long-term uptime.
Moreover, the costs of electricity from renewables have been falling for years. Furthermore, the use of windpower and sunlight causes little to no greenhouse gas emission and causes no atmospheric or hydraulic contamination. By moving away from charcoal, it is far better to set the course for a diversified mix of low-carbon power resources, consisting mainly of renewables and power efficiencies with a balance for natural gas.
The continuation of a business-as-usual scenarios - without changes to the current policy - would lead the US on a path of higher natural gas consumption, increasing CO2-emission and higher natural gas and power-price. UCS analytical will be carried out in a landscape that encompasses more sustainable and efficient energies (including a nationwide climate change standards and suggested strategies for sustainable energies and efficiency):
Network social benefit of reducing CO2 and other noxious emission levels, the 2. Adoption and implementation of a powerful federated climate change mitigation framework for power plants: EPA should reinforce, complete and then enforce the power plant's suggested CSP. Furthermore, countries should design and execute robust regulatory and regulatory compliant policies that focus on the use of renewables and power efficiencies to achieve as much as possible of their emission targets.
Strengthening and adopting a powerful state and federation approach to cleaner energy: Political decision-makers at all tiers of governance should endorse new or enhanced strategies and programmes to accelerate the use of renewables and improve the use of renewables and energies, as well as renewables performance targets, renewables performance targets, CO 2 price reduction programmes and fiscal and other fiscal stimulus.
Strengthening of volatile gas emission and hydraulics fracturation regulations: EPAs should design rules setting technology-based limit values for gas emission throughout the entire gas and gas transmission pipeline, both new and in use. Utility companies, regulatory authorities and network providers should work to modernise the US electricity network as part of a shift from a carbon-fired to a clean and more effective electricity network that relies on greater use of renewables, efficiencies and natural gas.