Myingyan Power ProjectThe Myingyan Power Project
More power will be generated in the Mandalay area through the use of natural Gas engines. Thaton and Thaketa to generate extra power. This 120 megawatt project is a government program that has been designed in Thaton, Mon State. It' about 80 percent ready now.
According to the Thaketa project, about 78 percent of the 106-megawatt project has also been completed and would cover the planned power demand in the Yangon area. Myanmar's power usage is rising yearly. The yearly power usage has increased by 15 percent on averages. Power consumed in May 2017 is 273 MW higher than in May 2016.
For the 2020-21 financial year, Myanmar needs 1,456 MW, with electricity use estimated at 4,531 MW.
Privately-owned gas-fired power plant expands domestic network by 230 MW
As a new, private gas-fired power station has entered the country's electricity network, increasing Myanmar's electricity generation capacities, state papers report. Myanmar had 10 state-owned gas-fired power stations with a combined output of 270 MW in 2011. Ten private gas-fired power stations have been interconnected since then, increasing overall power generation to 1200 MW by 2016, said U Khin Maung Soe, Union Secretary for the Ministry of Electricity (MOEP), as cited in Myanma Alin.
"In 2011, the 10 state gas-fired power stations had a mere 715 MW of electricity generating capacity in place, increasing to 2403 MW in both public and private power stations in 2016," he said. Myanmar Lighting designed the Mawlamyine combi power station as part of the government's IPP (Independent Power Producer) system. It has a 230 MW generating power output from four natural-gas turbines and two of them.
This project was designed in three stages and, according to MOEP, began in 2014 with the power supply. In 2011, the federal administration introduced its IPP system to promote consumer investments in powergenerating in the hope of producing more power and eliminating bottlenecks, especially in areas outside the country's power network. Initial power plant construction in the Yangon area - in 2013, state-owned gas-fired power stations in Hlawga, Ywarma, Ahlone and Thaketa began their work.
Together, these power generation facilities added 220 MW of power, said U Khin Maung Soe. By 2014, the first stage of Myanmar Lighting's 273 MW Myanmar Lighting CHP station in Mawlamyine and an electric gas-fired power station in Kyaukse near Mandalay were designed. Two further 135 MW natural-source power stations were constructed in Kyaukphyu in the state of Rakhine and Myingyan in the Mandalay region in 2015.
A further 70 MW from the second stage of the Myanmar Lighting project were added last year. So far this year the capacities have been increased by 240 MW with 180 MW from the Kyaukphyu and Myingyan project and another 60 MW from the Mawlamyine project, said U Khin Maung Soe. He said, "We use various types of electricity production from CNG, diesels, coal, hydro, sun and wind as renewables to boost power production and satisfy increasing needs.
Numerous new gas-fired power station developments are also being undertaken by multinational corporations under MOEP arrangements. One example is the modernization of a gas-fired power station in the Mon State's Thaton Township planned by the German federal and state governments with a World Bank grant. Once the project is completed, the facility will be able to create 106 MW - the aging turbine can currently only reach 40 MW.
In December last year, MOEP and Singapore SARM Industries concluded an arrangement to design a gas-fired project in Myingyan. This project will be the biggest gas-fired power station in the state with an installation output of 225 MW and will go on stream in April this year. In addition, the Japanese authorities have entered into a MoU with a syndicate headed by the Japanese Marubeni Corporation for a 400 MW gas-fired power station in Yangon's Yangon Town Thanlyin, which will be constructed later this year.
In September last year, MOEP launched an IPP call for tenders calling on domestic and foreign companies to design 270 MW of gas-fired power stations in Yangon and Myingyan. According to MOEP, the overall power output of 4255 MW includes around 70 hydroelectric power stations and 27 combined cycle power stations.