Rohingya migrants cross the Naf creek to the frontier area of Anjumanpara in Coxsbazar, Bangladesh. Slow but steady, the global community is taking note of the Rohingya people of Myanmar, a predominantly Islamic majority who have been living in the land for centuries. It is now exactly what can be done by the government to stop what the United States recently described as racial profanity.
The escalation of the Myanmar military and Buddha civilian Burmese attack on Rohingya village in Rakhine state caused an expected 35,000 mainly Moslem fleeing daily to neighbouring Bangladesh, the United Nations said in September. Internationals say the state of affairs could be regarded as a case of holocaust. There are at least one million Rohingya living in largely Buddhistic Myanmar, which has marginalised the indigenous group for many years, largely rejecting their official recognition.
"Yusuf Iqbal, Rohingyas' US founders, said there is a long story of Apartheid in Myanmar. Said the Moslem minorities are often "used as an excuse for militaristic agression. "In the midst of the economic downturn, many Myanmar's leading global observer, Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, has criticised that she has not stopped the war.
These pressures increased last months after US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson described the violent acts as racial profanity. "It' s worrying because Myanmar's Myanmar authorities have put on record that they will not take back the Rakhine state's IDPs. "Since the US and the global economy seem to be on the same side, some issues surrounding the smouldering economic downturn are still overlooked.
It has been suggested in the past that invoking "ethical cleansing" and "genocide", as in Bosnia and Sudan, usually goes hand in hand with a global call to man. Myanmar's situation was exacerbated by the military's behaviour. Human Rights Watch's recent Human Rights Watch documentary documents proof of massive rapes by the army as part of what the organisation described as the "mass clean-up campaign".
" "Genetic cleansing" is not really a juridical concept, but no matter what concept we give it, there must be global measures, specific measures against the horrors committed," said Richard Weir, Asia fellows at Human Rights Watch. There are a number of ways for government and non-governmental organizations to combat it.
Among the various possibilities are increased resources for certain states, approval for the resettlement of migrants and the deployment of peacekeeping troops. While the US has provided 87 million dollars in human aid to those affected by the crises, Canada has provided 50 million dollars and other global aid providers have promised 344 million dollars, according to the United Nations. It also urged Myanmar's army to end the war.
However, if Myanmar is to have secure areas, Weir said, they need to be protected, which only a UN peace-keeping troop can do. Secure areas must be supervised by the multinational fellowship and cannot be proclaimed by the Sri Lankan authorities, such as the one established in Sri Lanka in 2009, which eventually became known as "killing zones".
" Myanmar, for its part, has established an office named Union Enterprise for Humanitarian Aid, Resettlement and Development in Rakhine to raise money. A number of controversial pundits, however, question the agency's efficacy because it was invented by Suu Kyi, who took on much of the responsibility for the flare-up of force.
The Bangladeshi and Myanmar authorities in November decided to work together on the return of Rohingya migrants, while taking steps to improve frontier safety between the two states. As Rohingya returnees returned to Myanmar in 2012 and 2015, they were taken to detention centres. The United Nations is not the best forum, according to Iqbal, as Myanmar is supported by China, a standing member of the UNSC that could obstruct or reject a UNSCR.
Instead, Iqbal thinks the US Congress could have more influence on the Myanmar administration through specific penalties. This non-partisan law rules out Suu Kyi's financial situation, which is largely unspoken in the face of increasing violent attacks on the Rohingyas. Meanwhile, the situation of migrants outside Myanmar's border has become more and more depressing.
In Bangladesh there are more than 800,000 Rohingyas who have been driven out, 600,000 of whom have passed the line in the last five month. The Hope Foundation staff supports a woman in a Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, they are not permitted to move around and are held in a prison for refugees, which the head of MSF, Joanne Liu, called" a timebomb of PRESEPT.
" "To two Rohingyans I asked if they would return, they said they would die of hunger but not go," said Anam Ali, a Hope Foundation physician at Cox's Bazar Flüchtlingslager, whose staff treats over 1,500 fugitives a days. It is even difficult to provide help because Myanmar has obstructed United Nations help to the state of Rakhine.
"More than 400 Rohingya homes are here in Chicago and we all have connections to the Myanmar conflict," Zakaria said.