Myanmar WikitravelWikitravel Myanmar
Goteik Viaduct is a railway framework in Nawnghkio, Western Shan State, Myanmar (also known as Burma).
Burma, or Burma, officially the Republic of Myanmar (????????????), is a southeast Asian nation bordered to the west by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. Irrawaddy Delta lowland with the biggest town and former capitol Yangon. Mandalay, historic and archeological places and chilly hills.
A notorious Golden Triangle and a confusing number of nationalities. South of the coast borders Thailand with a multitude of islets. Myanmar's nation and past, like most of Southeast Asia's lands, is a dazzling mix of colonists and intruders from all walks of life. It is said that the Mon and the Pyu came from India, while the now dominating Bamar (Burmese) wandered through Tibet and had established a mighty empire with a focus on Bagan in 849.
In the next millenium, the Myanmar kingdom expanded through conquest by Thailand (Ayutthaya) and India (Manipur) and shrunk under attack from China and domestic outrage. Thailand-Burma Railroad (the so-called "death train") from Kanchanaburi in Thailand across the Kwai River to Burma was constructed by the Japanese with hard labor - POWs, contracted Thailand workers, Myanmaris and other Southeast Asians.
Much of West Burma, especially the undulating areas on the border with India and the Mandalay town, were badly affected during the conflict. As Burma's independent militants, under the leadership of General Aung San, first worked with the Japs to expel the Brits, in return for Burma's freedom promised by the Japs, it soon became clear that Japan's promise of freedom was empty.
They were brutally occupied by Japan and many of them were murdered, for example during the Kalagong carnage. In 1947 the British consented to give Burma the following year although General Aung San himself was murdered later that year and never made his dreams come truer.
Eventually on January 4, 1948, the British became independent from the British under the name U.N.of Burma, and to this date General Aung San is considered the founder of independency by most of Burma's population. It was a new EU that brings together different states that have been characterized by a strong ethnical sense, many of which have had a centuries-long history of self-government and struggle against each other.
Soon the new federation centre quickly worked to strengthen its might by excluding and annoying chieftains and triggering more than a decennium of wars. More than 200 Shan, Kachin, Red Karen, Karen, Chin, Mon and Rakhine races gathered with the main governmental bodies of the Bamar races (Burma) in 1961 to design a new regime that would guarantee the races both independence and self-determination within a federational system.
There was never a new administration. In 1962, General Ne Win, the country's general, spearheaded a putsch to oust the democratic rule and appoint himself as head of the state. From 1962 to 1988 General Ne Win ruled the country, first as army dictator, then as self-proclaimed chairman and later as king of politics.
Widely spread bribery and cronyism under Ne Win's reign put the Myanmar economies into a downwards trend from which they have never fully emerged. Prodemocracy rallies were forcibly suppressed in 1988, with General Saw Maung taking power in a putsch and establishing the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) to govern the land that has now been re-named Myanmar.
Myanmar, a resource-rich nation, is now suffering from ubiquitous state control, ineffective macroeconomic policy and widespread poor. In the early 1990' s, the Burma regime took moves to liberalize pricing control after decade-long failures on Burma's "road to socialism", but had to reintroduce subsidized staple pricing in the face of the nutrition al crises on which the democratic movements built their avenues.
They stood between the two sides and said to everyone to go home, and they did. As a result of the unrest, foreign aid was suspended and the authorities cancelled the results of the 1990 parliamentary election. The US responded to the May 2003 assault by the US on Aung San Suu Kyi and her convoi by imposing new trade restrictions on Myanmar, which included banning Myanmar exports and US citizen purchases of goods and IPOs.
Summers in 2007 were dominated by protests against the army regime, which were again violently repressed. Protests began in August, seemingly unfocused, as a rally against a sharp rise in gasoline prices, but turned into a more serious political battle after three monitors were defeated on a demonstration walk in the city of Pakokku.
Soon, a procession of friars with turned inverted scarves was filling many towns (including Sittwe, Mandalay and Yangon). Yangon, especially the area around the Sule Pagoda in the city center, became the center of these protest. Soon, however, the regime repressed the protest by shooting at masses of people, imprisoning friars and shutting down convents and temporary cessation of communication on the web with the people.
Aung San Suu Kyi was voted into Burma's parliamentary elections in 2012 and was able to visit Europe and North America. Aung San Suu Kyi took up her duties as State Councillor in April 2016, becoming the de facto leader of Myanmar's administration. Myanmar's civilization is largely the product of some of India's influence interwoven with some of the country's traditional and some of the influence of China.
Like in neighboring Thailand, Theravada Buddhism is the greatest of all religions. 89 percent of the populace will follow these buddhistic customs, and even some of the most isolated communities will have a place where humans can worship. Myanmar's dominating tribe is known as the Bamar, from which the country's native British name, Burma, was taken.
Myanmar is also home to many of the Bamar people, many of whom are ethnically diverse and have their own culture and language. Besides the indigenous ethnical groups, Myanmar is also home to Chinese and Indians whose forefathers emigrated to Myanmar during the settlement era, especially in the towns of Yangon and Mandalay.
Burma is subdivided into fourteen administration units, seven counties and seven states; in general, the Bamar region is dominant, while the states are domiciled by their own nationalities. It has been convicted by other countries of violent acts against Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine, a state bordering Bangladesh.
They are not recognized by the Myanmar authorities as Myanmar nationals, but claimed to be Bangladeshi illegals, a story accepted by the great majority if the Rohingya have lived in Rakhine for generation. In general, most of Burma's are unbelievably kind and courteous and will do their best to make you welcome in their state.
Burma is a presidential country with a governor nominated by the legislative and acting both as leader and de jura mayor. Whereas the electorate elects the vast majority of the members of the legislative, a fourth of the seat is reserved for members of the armed forces.
She has been de facto Prime Minister of the Council of State since the constitutional exclusion of Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) from the 2015 elections, a landmark coup d'état. Burma has 3 distinct tourist periods.
The high tourist seasons are the cooler seasons from November to February In the hottest seasons the temperature in Yangon can reach up to 36°C, while in the cooler seasons the midday temperature is generally more tolerable and the temperature falls to around 19°C at midday.
The Mandalay is slightly colder in the cold months of the year, with temperature up to 13°C, while the temperature can reach 37°C in the heats. In general, the area around Yangon has more precipitation than the dryer Upper Myanmar (around Mandalay). This is a convincing report about how a host Family has adapted to the changes of time; it gives a lot of insights into Burma's people.
People from Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam can travel visa-free for a period of up to 14 nights, provided they arrive by plane. Singaporeans can travel to Myanmar without a permit for a period of up to 30 nights, regardless of the place and type of travel.
For all other travelers, a prior application for a permit is necessary. You can obtain e-visa for travelers from many different nations, most of which are on the Myanmar Immigration website for $50/visitor $70/business traveler. Visas On Arrival are available for certain nationality travelers at Yangon, Mandalay and Napyidaw Airport.
It is necessary to provide two passport-sized color photographs and an invoice from the sponsor of your visas firm. Obtain a visas at an Myanmar diplomatic mission or a Myanmar diplomatic missions. Bangkok, Thailand. Visas for the same date can be obtained at the Myanmar Mission in Bangkok. In order to receive the visas on the same date, you must inform the person responsible for the application that you are departing first.
You will be issuing your visas on the same date until 15:30, effective from the date of issuance. Thailand/ Chiang Mai. You will need: a filled out questionnaire (available at the Myanmar Embassy), a filled out immigration questionnaire (again at the Embassy), a copy of your photograph of your passport page, two photographs of your pass, the corresponding charge (810 Baht/USD24).
You can apply for a Hong Kong citizenship between 09:00-12:00 and pick it up the next working days after 15:00 (passport, 3 passports, visiting cards / holiday letters from your company or students ID if you are a college or college students, and request payment of HK$150/USD19). Touristic vouchers are 3 month validity.
Visas are for stays of up to four week (from the date of entry), but you can remain longer if you are willing to settle for a charge of $3 per night on departure. It is not permitted to work with a tourism permit and work without a permit carries the danger of being detained and expelled.
Accomplished applicant will also receive an "arrival form" that will be filed in your Myanmar travel document and must be presented with your Myanmar travel document containing the badge on your travel document. From the end of 2012, the Washington D.C. consulate was inundated with visas. Burma is now drawing more people.
It may not reach its target of 10 working days. It has been said that it took over 3 week until they got their visas. Myanmar's most important metropolitan area is Yangon, the biggest capital of Myanmar and the most important commercial area. We offer frequent services from Yangon to many large Asiatic towns.
The simplest way for non-residents is to fly to Myanmar from Singapore or Bangkok, both of which have a large population abroad and are flown to Yangon on several a day-trips. There is also a second Mandalay Intercontinental Airfield in Myanmar, which is serviced by several services from Hong Kong, China, Thailand and Singapore.
You can find an up-to-date listing of airline companies and locations under Yangon Airport. Myanmar National Airines and Myanmar Airways are the two most important foreign carriers headquartered in Yangon. Burma has five country borders: China, India, Bangladesh, Thailand and Laos. Since 2013, entry barriers have been removed for foreign nationals crossing the Thai frontier and foreign nationals are free to move over country from Thailand to the core country of Burma, provided their Burma visas are in order.
However, entering Myanmar from the other borders is a different matter. Thailand - There are four crossing points between Myanmar and Thailand at Tachileik/Mae Sai, Myawaddy/Mae Sot, Ban Phunamron/Htee Kee and Kawthoung/Ranong. Since January 2017, all four checkpoints have been open to foreign nationals, and there are no limits for foreign nationals entering Burma's core country from the last three countries.
However, no student ID card is available on your return, so make sure that your Thai (if necessary) and Myanmar passports are in order. Myanmar E is now acceptable at all these country crossing points, with the exception of Htee Kee for travel, and you can leave at all four borders. Myanmar - Foreigners can travel to Lashio via Ruili (in Yunnan), although a passport (and visa) and a leader are necessary.
From Apr 2009 it is no longer possible for foreign nationals to travel from Ruili, not even for the entire days, without obtaining a Kunming tourist group' permit. The other way is more complicated to organise and the detail is unclear, but it is possible to travel from Mandalay to Kunming, and there is even a Mandalay embassy in China that will issue them.
Mumbai - There is a Moreh/Tamu frontier between India and Myanmar. Confirmation of travelers entering Myanmar from India (and back again), both with their own transportation and with prearranged permissions. No longer is it necessary to have a permission to travel to the state of Manipur, India, but an MTT permission is necessary to travel to or from Myanmar in Tamu.
The approval was available from MTT in Yangon (for which you must hire a travel guide) or a number of other agents (who will not) for $80-100 per head. The majority of agents take 20 working day to get approval (but in some cases it can be faster) and could have them shipped to the frontier so you don't have to go back to Yangon to pick them up.
Admittedly, they were able to come from India and leave for Thailand, but not vice versa. Myanmar-Lao Friend Embankment links Shan State in Myanmar to Luang Namtha Province in Laos. Myanmar - It is not possible to travel across the Myanmar - Bangladesh frontier indipendently.
Myanmar's infra-structure is in bad condition. Due to the current economic and social crisis, Myanmar has received trading penalties from large parts of the West, which can cause difficulties for careless people. Travelling to certain areas is forbidden, for others it is necessary to obtain specific authorisations, and a tour leader / translator / caretaker can be obligatory - although it is questionable whether these "travel guides" are with you to take care of you or to prevent you from going to places that the state does not want to see.
A large part of Myanmar is banned for international travelers, and many country roads to remote areas are also banned (e.g. to Mrauk U, Kalewa, Putao, Kengtung). While travelers can move around in the heart of Bamar free of charge, travelling in other places is rather limited or limited. Theoretically, any visitor can request a permission to enter any prohibited area or take a limited itinerary.
Applications for permits may be submitted on a local basis in some cases (e.g. applications for overland to Kalewa in Shwebo may be submitted), but in most cases the application must be submitted in Yangon. Enquiries to access prohibited areas must be made to the MTT (Myanmar Travel and Tours) Yangon offices (number 77-91, Sule Pagoda Rd, Yangon).
Any other approvals must be obtained in Yangon. Burma is not North Korea, and you can run free, go to stores and interfere with the people. For many of the more distant places, however, it is better to apply for your intern visas in advanced.
Myanmar's bad state of road and rail makes air travel by far the most unpleasant long haul alternative. Myanmar National Airways (UB), not to be mistaken for Myanmar Airways International (8M) "MAI" - is known for its bad security. We also have three private carriers operating the major national flights in Myanmar.
These are Air Bagan (W9), Air Mandalay (6T) and Yangon Airways (YH). As they are more costly, they are a more secure choice and would get you to all major touristic destinations of Yangon or Mandalay. The Yangon International Airport operates all internal services from the old airport buildings. Situated about 200 meters further on the street than the Yangon International Airport headquarters.
Burma has an expansive and old rolling stock system. Travelling by trains is a good way to see the land and get to know it. From Mandalay, up to Pyin U Lwin and then over the hills and the renowned Gokteik bridges, this is one of the great travels in the underworld.
The Mandalay lower train lines, Yangon-Pathein and Yangon-Mawlymaing, are small municipalities with merchants who sell everything. There is a seperate ticket office for pre-orders or even a seperate house (e.g. in Yangon) at some wards. Catering is provided by train and bus in both ways between Yangon and Mandalay.
Most used is the 325 km long route from Yangon to Mandalay with several daily cars. This is the only twin line in Myanmar and the only one that can compete with busses on schedule. The second line links Yangon with Pyay, 9 hours for the 175 km long trip, with a turnoff to the city of Pathein in the area of the Deltá.
Now that the Salween has been built, it is possible to take the 8-hour rail from Yangon to Mawlamyine for the 200-kilometre trip and on to Ye and Dawei. After Mandalay we drive on to Myitkyina in the state of Kachin, 350 km in 24 hours, and to Lashio.
Yangon-Bagan and Mandalay-Bagan also have train links, but buses or ferries are better alternatives: the 175 km from Mandalay to Bagan take 10 hours. This chart summarises travelling times and rates between some of Myanmar's most visited places. Most of them are run by the state, although there are now some privately owned ferries.
From Mandalay to Bagan the journey lasts most of a daily, from Bagan to Yangon several nights. All kinds of busses run on the streets of Myanmar. It is cheaper and quicker in Kyoto and by bus than on the rail. Long-haul busses also have an additional spray fit that locks the corridor and, as it is not well attached to the frame, can be unpleasant (which also means that there is no side seating where larger passengers can extend their legs).
Your office is often far away from any resort and the return fare will most likely be more than the fee your hotels will receive for it. Betrayal of coach fares seems to be very common in Yangon. Whilst many make a stop in Bago, they are informed at their guest house or coach terminal that it is not possible to buy Mandalay travel passes there.
When it comes to transportation in a land where anything is possible, some peoples are falling for it. Actually this is not the case and the return journey to Yangon for a coach fare in the northern part is not necessary at all. On the left you will find a summary of travelling time and prices between major Myanmar cities.
All over Myanmar old pick-up lorries carry men, wives, kids and friars from one place to another cheap. It transforms the back of the car into a seating area with three seats, one on each side and one in the middle of the car (some smaller cars have only two rows), and the footboard is lower ed and secured to make room for six or more persons to sit on (hold on the car frame).
Pickups are omnipresent in Myanmar and every city has a key point from where they leave for places near and far. Schwedagon Paya's licenced Yangon based guide can bring a chauffeur by road to your accommodation. Myanmar's road is on the right, but what is confusing is that Myanmar has a mix of left and right-hand drivers, most of which are right-hand drivers because they are imported from Japan or Thailand.
The journey to touristic sites is generally secure, although some streets can be tough. Give yourself two and a half day to get from Yangon to Bagan in good weathers. In public clinics, a bribe may be demanded for service. In Myanmar, HIV is a big issue. Taxi cabs (and thus all passenger and freight vehicles) have red/white license numbers, while cars for individuals have a black/white license number.
Travel agencies own vehicles have a blue/white license number. Motorcycling is prohibited in Yangon. Myanmar's formal vocabulary is Myanmar (known by the Myanmar authorities as Myanmar), a Chinese-Tibetan related vocabulary and therefore tonally (word pitches count) and analytically (most words are one long syllable). It' typed in Burma, using the old Pali type.
Bi-lingual signposts (English and Burmese) are available in most places of interest. Figures are often spelled in Myanmaric. In Myanmar there are also many other ethnical groups such as the Mon, Shan, Pa-O, Rohingya and many others who still talk their own language. A large ethnical Hindu population, mainly descended from Yunnan, most visibly in the Mandalay town, and many of them talk Mandarin.
In some areas there are also different indigenous groups that still speaking different indigenous tongues. Burma is a former UK settlement and many people in Burma at least a little bit vague English. The majority of cultured people in Burma are fluent in English, while in capitals such as Yangon and Mandalay many local people have enough English to communicate easily.
Hospitality and airlines employees and those working in the tourist sector generally have a good command of English. Burma is not a favourite tourist spot in Southeast Asia, as it has been largely discouraged by the country's volatility and travelling constraints. A walk through Yangon takes you back to the era of 19 st cent. imperialism.
Towns of historic and culture interest near Yangon are Bago with its buddhistic monuments, the famous city of Twante with its potteries and the place of worship Kyaiktiyo with its gold-plated rocks, which balances itself perilously over a crag. Some of the country's external borders are taboo for non-nationals, but it is always a good idea to check the current state of affairs with the local population, as things are moving so quickly that the web seldom, if ever, has accurate information.
In a day excursion from Mandalay is Inwa, another former capitol where the remains have been preserved to bring back memories of its former splendour. One of the few places that feels like a backpacker's snare, Inle Lake is very well-loved. However, a journey to Myanmar is not without a boating tour on the lakes.
Burma is an ideal destination for hiking. Burma continues to be predominantly a money market, mainly due to the shortage of automated teller machines. The Myanmar administration, in a failed effort to combat the raging trafficking in the illegal market, has an unhappy custom of making banknotes worthless: this first occurred on May 15, 1964, when the 50 and 100 Kiev banknotes were removed.
The 20, 50 and 100 kyats were retracted on November 3, 1985 and substituted by new kyats in the uncommon 25, 35 and 75 denominations, possibly selected because of the diktator Ne Win's preference for numberology. The 75 kyats grade was used for his ninetieth year. Just two years later, on 5 September 1987, the Chinese authorities dismantled the 25, 35 and 75 kya banknotes without notice, thus depriving about 75% of the national reserve exchange rate.
As a result of the resulting financial turmoil, General Saw Maung's 1989 coup détat took place, and the post-coup banknotes are available in more regular denominations of 1 to 1000 kyats, and this remains the old law. Myanmar's money is the Kiev, expressed "chat". There is no longer any need for expatriates to purchase US dollar denominated hotel, touristic, train and plane ticket, train and coaches.
From September 2015, due to the volatility of currencies and the slowing down of Kyoto in many locations, US dollar exchange rates will be used, although it is unlawful to use US dollar exchange rates. Accepting (or holding) US dollar without a license is unlawful for a Myanmar resident, but this act is usually ignored and US dollar is generally acceptable.
It is not legal to change currency abroad, although currency exchanges are common in places with a large population of Burma abroad, such as Singapore. Please be sure to take very neat, non-folded US bucks (or they will not be acceptable to any hotel, restaurant or currency changer) and discard the rest of your belongings before departure. There is not much need for passengers to carry with them when they land in Yangon, as there are now many ATM machines that accept MasterCard and Visa credit card payments at the airport[March 2014].
There are many ATM machines in Yangon if you are in a rush at the Aiport. There are now small travel locations with ATM machines (Bagu, Hpa-An, et al.), but not so many. Ensure you have a cushion outside Bagan, Yangon, Mandalay and Inle Lake. Some Yangon Guesthouses will also make a deposit on a Singapore debit cardhold.
It has been said that a hotel charges a fee of 7% to 30% and that they need to see your pass to complete the deal. Myanmar's preferred denomination is the US dollar, although you can easily change Euro and Singapore bucks in Yangon and Mandalay, but perhaps not beyond.
Best prices are in Yangon and Mandalay. Make sure you have a mixture of US Dollars bills when you visit Myanmar, as coin exchangers do not give changing and $20, 10, 5 and $1 bills are useful for some entrance and transportation costs. "Checks on exchanges have been loosened and there is no longer any conversion of forex at the ludicrous level they used to have.
If USD50 or USD20 bills are changed, the exchange rates will be slightly lower at 10-20 kyats less per USD. The 50k, 100k, 200k and 500k are usually in terrible conditions but are generally acceptable for small shopping. If you exchange US-Dollars into Kyat, make sure that the bills you get are in generally good state.
When the swap gives you Kyoto grades in a terrible state, you can have them exchanged for grades in a better state. A series of Myanmar trickery and fraud trap US dollar tourist. After a time-consuming batch of ten 1000 kyats, for example, some coin changer will extract some banknotes while it counts the batches of ten.
So you travel with literally tens, if not tens, of US bucks put in your pocket in a land where most peoples live on a few bucks a mile. Very few cases of a visitor being attacked, and only the few cases of theft. Burma is an ultra-secure destination for travelers.
There are those who say it's humanity. Other say it is because the penalty for the robbery of a stranger is draconic, while others say it is because of Buddhism, which forbids humans to take what is not given. By 2003, Myanmar residents had to convert USD 200 into foreign exchange certificates (FECs) upon arriving.
You will find many cash machines throughout the entire state that accept Visa and MasterCard. High-quality touristic locations (hotels, agents, restaurants) already accept and are charged accordingly. The normal payout is 300,000 kyats with a handling charge of 5,000 kyats. Travelers checks are not acceptable in Myanmar. Tips are not usually practiced by the people of Burma themselves.
Although Myanmar is less advanced, it is costly in comparison to other South East Asia nations such as Thailand or Vietnam. The most administered touristic site fee for the transport of all types of camera in the area. In Yangon, a room without a bath will cost 20 USD.
One keg of Myanmar (5%) is about 600 kyats, one Myanmar container (650 ml) about 1,700 kyats, one Mandalay container (6.5%, 650 ml) about 1,200kyats. Myanmar's art scene has skyrocketed, and the works of indigenous artisans are very valuable in Yangon and Mandalay.
To get a feeling for the available works, please check out the various art galeries in Yangon. Burma is a major producer of Java, ruby and sapphire (licensing the French via the ruby mine in Mogok was one of the causes of the Third Burmese War) and these can be purchased at a fraction of what it would take in the West.
If you are looking for a gem that you can buy from an authorized retailer, there are a few things you should consider when buying a gemstone. The Bogoyoke Aung San Market and the Myanmar Gems Museum in Yangon have many fully licenced stores and are generally a secure place to buy these are.
It is a favourite item that is made into dishes, mugs, jars, tableware and various articles and is available almost everywhere. Bagan in CMB is the center of lacquerware manufacturing. They are adorned with golden and silvery threads and paillettes and mostly show stories from the Buddhist writings (the Jatakas) or other non-secular Buddhist articles (also mythic beasts, the Hindtha and the Kalong are favourite themes).
Tapisserie is disappearing, but many are made for the tourist and are available in Mandalay and Yangon. Myanmar carpets don't last long, so be wary if someone tries to give you an ancient shotgun coe! Fabrics in Myanmar are breathtaking. Every area and every ethnical group has its own unique styles.
Myanmar cuisine is inspired by India and China, but has its own unique character. Besides Burma cuisine, other local products such as Shan, Rakhine and Myeik are different. The heart of Burma's cuisine is rice, and good quality vegeterian cooking is widespread.
Myanmar cuisine is often very spicy. Like in the neighboring South East Asia region, seafood sauces ( ??????? ?_gan yya yay) are a very common spice in Myanmar and are often used to season many cuisines. Meals are cheap in most places (500-3,000 kyats each in most places, but can cost up to 8,000 kyats in fancy places).
Yangon and Mandalay have many upscale dining places. Currency: Myanmarians have a very different understanding of currency curries than other states. It' s very pungent in comparison to Indian and Thai food, and although it is eaten at room temperatures in cheap restaurant, all curries are cooked in a traditional Myanmar house.
Myanmar' style is free of the same ingredients as its Asiatic counterpart and has a large amount of tomatoes or bulbs, according to the chef's preferences and area. Burma is the highest per head user of bulbs in the word. Often the Currys of Burma are boiled with a lot of olive oils, much more than other local one.
"The" Khao soi" ("noodle" in Burmese), often found on the roads of Chiang Mai, is a derivation of this Myanmar mate. Shan are an ethnical group that live in Shan State around Inle Sea, near the Thai boarder. It' easy to find in Yangon. In Myanmar it is not possible to safely take mains running waters and there may be contamination of the sea floor.
Bottling is available at many touristic places. Pottery jar waters are filtrated and many Myanmarans use them. The Myanmar beer is the most beloved beer in the land. There are other variations, incl. Mandalay beer. TODDRY SUCKET ( toddry sucket ("ta-YEI") is a favourite in the heart of Myanmar and is made from fermenting handicotta.
Shwe le meña is a beverage that is very much appreciated in the Shan state and is said to be very powerful. It' also possible to buy full-flavoured Chang beer from Thailand; the export to most of the world is not nearly as high. Tea houses are important meeting places and loved throughout the whole state.
You look like a restaurant, but if you look carefully you will see that they drink a great deal of free China green coffee, tan coffee and, above all, snacks. They will pronounce the teenames totally wrong (second and 6th are relatively simple) and they may not get what you want, as it is not common for a foreigner to order these beans.
Therefore, it is better to ask your Burmese host or any other place that speaks English to record the name in Burmese. The price for a single liquor is 200-400 kyats. Burma has good hotels, especially in the big towns and the most important touristic areas, although the rates are much higher than in Thailand or Vietnam.
en-suite rooms are available everywhere for less than $10 USD, except in Yangon and common bathrooms for $3-6 USD in most places. Some low-end properties, especially in Yangon and other major towns, specialise in cabin rooms, small rooms without a window that are inexpensive and tidy, but not for claustrophobics.
Myanmar's booming travel industry is facing increasing visitor numbers. As a rule, rooms in hotels are sold out very quickly, and those in favourite travel locations are often sold out month in advance. 2. It is advisable to make your reservations well in time for your scheduled journey to Myanmar so that you are not run aground when you are there.
Burma has a shortage of energy and supplies to its population are tight. Large Yangon and Mandalay touristic resorts have virtually uninterruptible electric energy, but can range from $80 to $300 per overnight stay. On the top end Myanmar has some great hotel, among them one or two large ones (The Strand in Yangon and Kandawgyi Palace Hotel in Yangon).
Myanmar's administration operates many of them, some of them nice ones from the Colonies (but not the two mentioned in the last sentence). Percentages of all housing benefits go to the federal authorities, no matter where you are, and it is not possible to run a profitable Myanmar operation without any relation or agreement with the army.
Working in Myanmar for foreign nationals is difficult to get. When you want to help the people of Burma, certain NGOs work in neighboring Thailand. Myanmar is highly punished by the authorities for criminality, especially against tourism; Myanmar is highly secure for tourism in terms of criminality and security, and it is generally safer to go out at dark alone.
Indeed, you are fewer victims of crimes in Myanmar than in Thailand or Malaysia. Yangon and Mandalay have experienced a hardly noticeable increase in the very low levels of road robbery since 2005. In 2005 bomb attacks were occasionally carried out in Mandalay and Yangon and in 2006 in Bago.
In spite of traditionally taboo, it has become a big issue in the principal tourism areas such as Bago and Bagan. When you decide to give, keep in mind that most people in Burma make only $40 a months when they do handicrafts, and so it is very generouse to give $1 to a mendicant. Theravadan Buddhism is the principal religious denomination in Myanmar, and it is common for a monk to go on charity mornings.
Unfortunately, there are also many fake friars hanging around the major touristic sites taking advantage of innocent people. Burma is one of the most corruption-stricken nations in the run. But Caucasians are seldom targetted, while Asians (including South Asians and East Asians) are compelled to bribe people, but the bulk of the burden of the problem affects ordinary Burmese.
Westerners are very seldom asked for a bribe, although most bribe money is a US Dollars or less and is demanded by those who earn only 30 USD/month. In the states of Mon and Chin (Zomi), Myanmar, along the Thai and China border, various rebel groups are still operating. Travelling to these areas usually require a license.
It also sometimes limits trips to Kayah State, Rakhine State and Kachin State for insurrection. However, the trips to the Yangon, Bago, Ayeyarwady, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Mandalay and Magwe are completely free. It is unaffordable to pay for a computer and an access to the home network, so most users are surfing in one.
But the wireless licences have enabled many townspeople to go live for the first while. In Myanmar, Facebook and Viber are the most used applications and more. Every five-minute, the federal administration takes screen shots of computers in cyber cafes to track their use. When you don't want your private sphere to be compromised in this way, you don't need to surf in Thailand or wherever you go next.
Today, 4G grids are widespread in Yangon city center, and the cost of information is around 1000 kyat/GB. "The Tatmadaw and the tribe in everlasting oneness. "Myanmar has been under heavy armed domination for the last 40 years, ending in 2012, with a call to oppress dissidents, as in the case of the former home detentions of democratic activist Aung San Suu Kyi.
If you are in Myanmar, refrain from engaging in civic activity and do not offend the state. If you need to, argue policies with those who have had enough for you. But freedom under the new administration has generally risen by a small but noticeable amount. There have been some controversial politic essays written in governing papers and a satellite movie mocking the government's policies of censure has been out.
Recurring Myanmar residents have become increasingly open to political debate. Myanmar's hygiene may seem horrible to the Westerners, but it is possible to remain in good health with some fundamental preventive measures such as preventive medications, the choice of foods and waters and antibacterial ointments.
On the dining room tables the people of Burma use a scoop and a forks, or their finger when it's more comfortable. HIV infection rates in Myanmar are high by both western and eastern standards in 2014 (0.7% of the population). Myanmar's health system is poorly financed. In Myanmar you can consult a physician in larger towns for small complaints such as lung and coughing.
Only the only near standard clinic is the Pun Hlaing Clinic, a private property located in a secluded Yangon town shanty named Hlaing Thar Yar, where you should reckon with very high costs. The majority of clinics are state-owned, which means they are poorly financed. The majority of Thai and Singapore an official and wealthy local will go to Thailand or Singapore for more serious health care and hospitalization, and you will also feel better.
Other than in many other civilizations, there is generally no term of surname, either mathematical or patronymical, in Burma and most people have only a first name. Often a Myanmar honorary title, usually U (??) for men or Daw (????) for girls, can be placed at the beginning of the name so that it can be referred to as U Htin Kyaw.
Burma has some of the most beautiful sanctuaries in Asia and you will be tempted more than you think. As a rule, the Myanmar population shows no sympathy in the general population, not even among spouses, and it is generally regarded as tasteless and should be averted. In general, most simple Myanmar citizens are unbelievably kind and courteous despite the general adverse perceptions of the regime, as long as their indigenous practices are respected.
Support is generally very good (some say better than in Thailand), but account managers are always poorly compensated, so you may want to tip a generous amount to make sure your funds get into the right hand. Do not discuss Rohingya relationships and continuing racial purges, as this is a very delicate and emotional topic that may potentially lead to an escalation of confrontations.
A large minority of Burma's population sees the Rohingya as Bangladeshi illegals who have no right to be in Myanmar, and their Islamic faith is seen by many as a menace to Buddhism. If the Rohingya are described as such, most of Burma is insulted and will persist that you use the word "Bengali" instead.
Like in neighbouring Thailand, you will often see a group of Buddhist friars gathering charity on the street in the mornings ('no longer eating after lunch'). Myanmar takes Buddhism very seriously and it is common for Myanmar men to live as religious at least once in their infancy and once more in adult life.
Its rituals are similar to those of the Thai friars. Contributions to friars must be made spontaneously, and it is prohibited for friars to turn to humans to ask for charity, nor do they just wander around tourism areas awaiting them. When you see a friar taking money or awaiting money in beloved places, he is a fraud.
Myanmar telephone numbers are in the +95 1 234-5678 formats, where "95" is the Myanmar dialling code for Myanmar, the next, two, three or four numbers are the dialling codes and the other 6, 7 or 8 numbers are the "local" part of the number. You can arrange your call at the Central Telephone & Telegraph Office on the Ponsodan and Mahabandoola Streets in Yangon.
MPTGSM is provided by the Postal and Telecommunications Government of Myanmar. However, the connection can remain restricted to the city centers, especially Yangon and Mandalay. Myanmar is reported to be quite effective, despite what some banks might tell you. In Yangon, Mandalay and Bagan, the web is now widely and inexpensively available, but more infrequently.
Prices are 300 kyat/hour in Yangon and 1,000-3,000 kyat/hour elsewhere. Burma has two Myanmar Internet Service Providers, MPT and Bagan. From October 2014, 3G will even work in many parts of Yangon and Mandalay.