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Portal:Myanmar - Wikipedia
Burma (Burmese:[mj?mà]), formally the Republic of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a supreme state in Southeast Asia. Burma borders India and Bangladesh to the West, Thailand and Laos to the Easter and China to the North and North-east. Approximately one third of the 5,876 km radius in the southern part of the country is a continuous 1,930 km stretch of coast along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.
Burma covers 676,578 sq km (261,228 sq miles). Since 1997, Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Among the early civilizations in Myanmar were the Tibeto-Burmese talking Pyu city-states in Oberburma and the Mon empires in Unterburma. The Bamar stepped into the top Irrawaddy River basin in the ninth millennium, and after the pagan kingdom was established in the 1050', the Myanmar languages, cultures and Theravada Buddhism gradually became predominant in the area.
Re-united by the Taungoo family in the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, the land was for a short time the biggest kingdom in the mainland of Southeast Asia. During the Konbaung dictatorship of the early nineteenth centuries, the area was dominated by Myanmar and, for a short time, Manipur and Assam. Following three Anglo-Burmese battles in the nineteenth centuary, the Brits took over the Myanmar government and the land became a british warfare.
In 1948 Myanmar became an autonomous democracy. It became a Burmese army under the Socialist Program Party after a 1962 putsch. Most of its years as an independents, the state has been engulfed in unbridled ethnical conflict and its countless ethnical groups are engaged in one of the longest lasting civilian conflicts in the underworld.
Throughout this period, the United Nations and several other organizations have been reporting persistent and systemic violation of international humanitarian law in the state. Together with the liberation of Aung San Suu Kyi and detainees, this has helped to improve the country's balance sheet on humanitarian and external affairs and to ease trafficking and other forms of imposed on it.
Burma's army, however, continues to be a major political power. Burma is a land full of precious stones, jades, oils, natural gases and other minerals. Myanmar's earnings shortfall is among the largest in the entire planet, as much of the local economies are dominated by former junta followers.
In 2016 [update], Myanmar is ranked 145th out of 188 nations in terms of humanitarian aid according to the MDI.