Myanmar WikiCairo Wiki
chip class="mw-headline" id="Overview">Overview
Burma is a Southeast Asian nation at 18°45?.00? North, 95°30?.00? East. Configuring and integrating Sahana and OSM and building municipalities in Myanmar. At the moment Brett is working on a kachelgenerator servers config with a mixture of osmose repetition, mapnik cache generating and true cache on demanda cache generating. http://www.humanitarian.info/2008/05/10/cyclone-nargis-you-know/ (domain parked) - humanitarian.info had gathered a number of datasources.
The Myanmar Virtual IM Working Group is the platform for the exchange and gathering of geoinformation from Myanmar. This is a pre-view of UN logistical information in Myanmar that we can check. License conditions are still in progress (probably not yet available in the publisher's domain). U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency has geographical name information for the land (public domain), quoted as "Burma".
Get and use the following command under Windows XP. Then, use sendmap to upload the resulting.img files to a GPRS unit (sendmap is available at http://cgpsmapper.com/ and http://cgpsmapper.com/). You need the transfer service to get such a large area. Most of Myanmar's tourist areas are covered.
For more information about it, see Map. Understand how to install and configure the tile on-demand generation servers. MyBurmese to convert old Myanmar typefaces (WinInnWa) to Zawgyi typefaces (note that the encoding of these two typefaces is not fully Unicode conform; other Unicode-compliant typefaces, such as UniBurma, are also assisted by the converter).
Myanmar travel guide - Wiki travel guide
Once long insulated from the outside world Myanmar is quickly becoming a favourite tourist resort. Burma is better known as Myanmar. Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi is probably known outside Myanmar as her most prominent national. Yangon's intriguing heritage, impressive scenery and enchanting city make it a place most of us don't want to miss.
People already inhabited the area that is Myanmar today (or Burma as it is usually referred to in the course of time, hence the name here) 11,000 years ago, but the first recognisable civilization is the Pyu, although both Burma and the Mon traditions maintain that the legendary Suvarnabhumi, referred to in old Pali and Sanskrit writings, was a Thaton-centred empire in the present Mon state.
Throughout this time, Burma was part of a land trading trip from China to India. Dvaravati in the lower Chao Phraya River basin of modern Thailand in the sixth and seventeenth centuries stretched its borders to the Tenasserim Yoma (mountains). After the Khmer Empire subjugated Angkor in the eleventh centuary, the Mon moved further westwards to what is now Myanmar.
Around 849 they had established a mighty empire that concentrated on the town of Pagan (now Bagan) and filled the emptiness the Pyu bequeathed. In the 16th and 17th centuries there were several smaller empires, among them Ava, Hanthawaddy Pegu, Rakhine Kingdom, Arakan and several Shan states.
The Ava, Pegu and sometimes the Shan states were almost always at battles during these theories. In the next 70 years, the heavily militarist Konbaung ruling family created Burma's biggest imperium, second only to the Bayinnaung state. Siamese used Burma's involvement with China to reclaim their land by 1770 and conquered Lan Na in 1776, ending over two hundred years of Burma's sovereignty over the area.
Myanmar was run as a British Indian provincial government until it became its own self-governing settlement in 1937. Despite many Myanmar people fighting for the Japanese at first, some of them, mostly from minority communities, also ministered in the British army. For almost 26 years he reigned and followed a policy under the heading of Burma's path to socialism.
In 1989 the name of the nation was renamed from the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar. Myanmar's geographical situation is very varied. Burma is much bigger than the Irrawaddy River Valley. There is a long part of the countryside much further southwards than Yangon, where there are still nomadic islands leading a traditionally way of being.
Burma is bordered by Thailand, India, Laos, China and Bangladesh. Burma is organized in seven states and seven departments. The Ayeyarwady Region - Pathein, Chaungtha Beach. Pyinmana, Bago, Pyay. The Magway Region - Magwe. Region Mandalay - Mandalay, Bagan, Inwa, Mingun, Pyin U Lwin, Monywa, Shwebo. The Yangon Region - Yangon.
Taunggyi, Nyaung Shwe, Kalaw, Kengtung, Tachileik, Hsipaw, Lashio. Breathtaking old synagogue town on the Irrawaddy River, competing with almost every other antique town in Asia. Situated on the shores of the Ayerwaddy River, Bagan is home to the biggest area of buddhistic churches, coupas, pagodas as well as remains of the worlds most of which date back to the eleventh and twelfth century.
One of Myanmar's best attractions is Lac Inle. This is Myanmar's second biggest pond and is surrounded on both sides by breathtaking peaks. Boating on the powerful Irrawaddy River is a unique journey itinerary. Most of the best and most visited part is between Mandalay and Bhamo further northern.
A further adventure is the ride by rail between Mandalay and Lashio via Hsipaw and Pyin Oo Lwin. Mt Popa - 50 kilometers from Bagan, is a summit with gilded Stupa. 160 kilometers from Yangon, Kyaikhto is known for its rock of rock and rocky promontory that balances over a rock. Sril Kittara - old attraction near Pyay, half way between Yangon and Mandalay.
It is one of the most important annual february ceremonies in Mandalay. The Mahamuni Pagoda welcomes people from all over Myanmar for two long nights to show their respect and listen to the friars singing. Like the Songkran Festivals in Thailand, the whole event is connected with a great deal of flinging, so be ready to get soaked.
Thadingyut Light Festival takes place at full-moons in October (usually second or third week) and is a wonderful festival in Myanmar. Highpoint is the Shan boat races, especially to see the common Shan-techniques. Each year in October, men try to show the dancing in Myanmar in the life-size newspaper m?ché Elefants.
It will take place in Kyaukse just outside Mandalay. Much of Myanmar (except for the northern mountains) has a warm and moist tropic climat. The temperature from mid-March to May can rise up to 40°C, in Mandalay even a little more, which makes this period rather uncomfortable for the visit of most places except the mountain.
Heavy precipitation at this season can make travelling inconvenient. Anyone who is a hard-core lone wolf would be free to go. The Yangon International Airport (RGN) is where most travelers begin their journey in Myanmar. There are good regional links, but no North American or Australian airlines, but some European airlines from Milan.
Burma Airways is Myanmar Airways International, Myanmar's global carrier, which operates flights to Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. Although they do not fly airplanes, they are codeshare with Jetstar Asia, Malaysia Airlines, Qatar Airways and Thai Airways. Bangkok-Yangon, the most frequently used flight, is operated by Thai Airways and AirAsia.
Further major carriers serving this area are Air India, Air Bagan, Air China, Air Mandalay, Bangkok Airways, China Airways, China Southern Airways, China Southern Airlines, Hong Kong Express Airways, Singapore Airways and Vietnam Airways. You can also reach Mandalay, for example from Bangkok or Chiang Mai in Thailand and Kunming in China.
Burma has frontiers with five different countries: China, India, Bangladesh, Thailand and Laos. Since 2013, entry barriers have been removed for foreign nationals crossing the Thai frontier and foreign nationals are free to move from Thailand to Burma's mainland, provided their Burma visas are in order. However, the entry to Myanmar from the other frontiers is a different matter.
Thailand - There are four Myanmar-Thailand frontier crossing points at Tachileik/Mae Sai, Myawaddy/Mae Sot, Ban Phunamron/Htee Kee and Kawthoung/Ranong. Since January 2017, all four checkpoints have been open to foreign nationals, and there are no limits for foreign nationals entering Burma's land. It is not possible to go beyond Keng Tung from Tachileik unless you are on a specially licensed and accompanied trip.
However, no student ID card is available on your return, so make sure that your Thai (if necessary) and Myanmar passports are in order. Myanmar E is now acceptable at all these country crossing points, with the exception of Htee Kee for travel, and you can leave at all four borders. Myanmar - Foreigners can travel to Lashio via Ruili (in Yunnan), although a passport (and visa) and a leader are necessary.
From Apr 2009 it is no longer possible for foreign nationals to travel from Ruili, not even for the entire days, without obtaining a Kunming tourist group' permit. The other way is more complicated to organise and the detail is unclear, but it is possible to travel from Mandalay to Kunming, and there is even a Mandalay embassy in China that will issue them.
Mumbai - There is a Moreh/Tamu frontier between India and Myanmar. Confirmation of travelers entering Myanmar from India (and back again), both with their own transportation and with prearranged permissions. No longer is it necessary to have a permission to travel to the state of Manipur, India, but an MTT permission is necessary to travel to or from Myanmar in Tamu.
The approval was available from MTT in Yangon (for which you must hire a travel guide) or a number of other agents (who will not) for $80-100 per head. The majority of agents take 20 working day to get approval (but in some cases it can be faster) and could have them shipped to the frontier so you don't have to go back to Yangon to pick them up.
Admittedly, they were able to come from India and leave for Thailand, but not vice versa. Myanmar-Lao Friend Embankment links Shan State in Myanmar to Luang Namtha Province in Laos. Myanmar - It is currently not possible to travel across the Myanmar - Bangladesh frontier on your own.
Myanmar's infra-structure is in bad condition. Myanmar has until recently been the object of trafficking sanction from large parts of the West as a consequence of the current policy and this can lead to difficulties for careless people. Travelling to certain areas is forbidden, for others it is necessary to obtain specific authorisations, and a tour leader / translator / caretaker can be obligatory - although it is questionable whether these "travel guides" are with you to take care of you or to prevent you from going to places that the state does not want to see.
A large part of Myanmar is banned for international travelers, and many country roads to remote areas are also banned (e.g. to Mrauk U, Kalewa, Putao, Kengtung). While travelers can move around in the heart of Bamar free, travelling in other places is rather limited or limited. Theoretically, any visitor can request a permission to enter any prohibited area or take a limited itinerary.
Applications for permits may be submitted on a local basis in some cases (e.g. applications for overland to Kalewa in Shwebo may be submitted), but in most cases the application must be submitted in Yangon. Enquiries to access prohibited areas must be made to the MTT (Myanmar Travel and Tours) Yangon offices (number 77-91, Sule Pagoda Rd, Yangon).
Easy access in Myitkyina, but must be accompanied by a leader. Any other approvals must be obtained in Yangon. For many of the more distant places and places limited to foreign nationals, it is better to apply for your intern visas in advanced. We have four national airlines, three privately operated and one state-owned, with Myanma Airways (not to be mistaken for Myanmar Airways International).
There are three other airlines: Air Bagan, Air Mandalay and Yangon Airways. All of them operate between Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan and Heho major airfields (for Inle Lake) and also to more distant destinations such as Sittwe on the western shore, Kawthoung in the south ( "for journeys to and from Thailand") and Kengtung (also for journeys to and from Thailand).
Burma has an expansive and old train system. From Mandalay, up to Pyin Oo Lwin and then over the hills and the renowned Gokteik bridges, this is one of the great train trips in the underworld. The Mandalay lower train, Yangon-Pathein and Yangon-Mawlamyine, are small municipalities with merchants who sell everything.
There is a seperate ticket office or even a seperate house (e.g. in Yangon) at some of them. Catering is provided by train and bus in both ways between Yangon and Mandalay. Most used is the 325 km route from Yangon to Mandalay with several daily services.
This is the only twin line in Myanmar and the only one that can compete with busses on schedule. The second line links Yangon with Pyay, 9 hrs. for the 175 km long trip, with a turnoff to the city of Pathein in the area of the river north. Now that the Salween has been built, it is possible to take the 8-hour rail from Yangon to Mawlamyine for the 200-kilometre trip and on to Ye and Dawei.
On from Mandalay to Myitkyina in the state of Kachin, 350 kilometers in 24 hrs, and to Lashio. Yangon-Bagan and Mandalay-Bagan also have train services, but buses or ferries are better alternatives: the 175 km from Mandalay to Bagan take 10 h. Schwedagon Paya's licenced Yangon based guide can bring a chauffeur by road to your accommodation.
You can also organize a vehicle through a tourist agent, although it can be very costly. A number of guidebooks are ready to accompany you as an interpreter. Myanmar's road is on the right, but what is confusing is that Myanmar has a mix of left and right-hand drivers, most of which are right-hand drivers because they are imported from Japan or Thailand.
The journey to touristic sites is generally secure, although some streets can be tough. Give yourself two and a half working nights to get from Yangon to Bagan in good conditions. Take a full working afternoon to get from Bagan to Inle Lake. It is not advisable to take a street ride at nocturnal hours and health care institutions are local.
In Myanmar, HIV is a big issue. All kinds of busses run on the streets of Myanmar. Fraud over coach fares currently seems to be widespread in Yangon. Whilst many make a stop in Bago, they are informed at their guest house or coach terminal that it is not possible to buy Mandalay travel passes there.
Actually this is not the case and the return journey to Yangon for a coach fare in the northern part is not necessary at all. All over Myanmar old pick-up lorries carry men, wives, kids and friars from one place to another cheap. Pickups are omnipresent in Myanmar and every city has a key point from where they leave for places near and far.
Travelers prefer the Ayerwaddy to Bagan crossing the Ayerwaddy from Mandalay, which takes between 10 and 15hrs. Keep in mind that it is over $10 less expensive to take the shuttle from Bagan to Mandalay by the same high seas.
Cambodian, Laos, Vietnam and Philippine citizens can travel without a permit for a period of up to 14 nights, provided they travel by plane. Any other nationality must obtain a prior application for a permit. Prepare for some uncommon issues (either on the application form or at the consulate) when you request your visas.
Myanmar's E-Visa Online will be fully functional from September 2014. In order to obtain a visa, you will need a photograph of yourself (see requirements), $50 and an Myanmar adress. You will receive an "Entry Visa Approval Letter to Myanmar" by e-mail within 3 working days.
Visas for the same date can be obtained at the Embassy of Myanmar in Bangkok. In order to receive the visas on the same date, you must inform the person responsible for the application that you are departing first. You will be issuing your visas on the same date until 15:30, effective from the date of issuance. If you are looking for a visas, the simplest way to get one is to go to a local tourist office in your home state.
You will need: a filled out questionnaire (available at the embassy), a filled out immigration questionnaire (again at the embassy), a copy of your photograph page, two photographs of your pass, the corresponding charge (810 Baht/USD24). You can apply for a Hong Kong visas between 09:00-12:00 and pick them up the next working days after 15:00 (passport, 3 passports, visiting cards / holiday letters from your company or students ID if you are a college or college student, plus a request charge of HK$150/USD19).
Visas are for stays of up to four week (from the date of entry), but you can remain longer if you are willing to settle for a charge of $3 per night on departure. It is not permitted to work with a tourism permit and work without a permit carries the danger of being detained and expelled.
Accomplished applicant will also receive an "arrival form" that will be filed in your Myanmar travel document and must be presented with your Myanmar travel document containing the badge on your travel document. It is best to switch from 7k yat to US$1, the price of the price of the black economy is 1,500 to 2,500k yat to US$1. Never switch your currency in a bank or at the airfield because you get a very poor price from 450k yat to US$1 to 1,000k yat to US$1. It is best to switch to Yangon because the prices get lower the further you travel from the biggest town.
Attempt to exchange cash in a hotel or guesthouse or on the Yangon jewellery markets. Working in Myanmar for foreign nationals is difficult to get. When you want to help the people of Burma, certain NGOs work in neighboring Thailand. It is almost not possible to go to Myanmar as a foreign student at this point in the year.
Myanmar's main foreign tongue is Myanmar (known by the Myanmar government). Much of Burma's accent comes from the old Pali tongue (at the Buddha's time), but the tongue is a Chinese-Tibetan related to Chinese and therefore tonally (word pitches count) and analytically (most words are one long syllable).
It' typed in Burma, using the old Pali type. Bi-lingual signposts (English and Burmese) are available in most places of interest. Figures are often spelled in Myanmaric. In Myanmar there are also many other ethnical groups such as the Mon, Shan, Pa-O and many others who still talk their own language.
A large ethnical Hindu population, mainly descended from Yunnan, most visibly in the Mandalay town, and many of them talk Mandarin. Except for the older people, however, it is seldom to find local people who do not know Burmese. Burma is a former UK settlement and therefore - and because English is still mandatory in kindergarten and elementary school - many Burmese at least have a basic understanding of English.
While most well-trained Burmese in the Burmese elite speak English fluently, many natives in capitals such as Yangon and Mandalay speak enough English to communicate easily. Myanmar may speak more English than Thailand. Dining in Myanmar is an interesting one. Workgroups like the Shan are known throughout Myanmar for having marvelous cuisine.
There' s always been a people in Myanmar and there are China eateries in almost every town in Myanmar, although there are more of them to the northern side of Mandalay. Some of the traditional meals of Burma are: This court originated in Shan State. "The" Khao soi" ("noodle" in Burmese), often found on the roads of Chiang Mai, is a derivation of this Myanmar mate.
There will always be something to cook or deep-fry on the roads of any city in Myanmar. Unfortunately, the recent tourist booming in Myanmar is having to contend with the increasing number of tourists. Of course, you should make your reservations well in advance of your scheduled travel to Myanmar to avoid being on the beach when you are there.
On the top end Myanmar has some great hotel, among them one or two large ones (The Strand in Yangon and Kandawgyi Palace Hotel in Yangon). Myanmar's administration operates many of them, some of them nice ones from the Colonies (but not the two mentioned in the last sentence). Percentages of all housing benefits go to the federal authorities, no matter where you are, and it is not possible to run a profitable Myanmar operation without any relation or agreement with the army.
Fortunately for the drunkard in us all, Myanmar has many cheaper indigenous strains of all types of beers and liquors. You can buy some of them at national level, such as Myanmar and Mandalay beers, which are quite good. While it is possible to buy internationally renowned soda labels such as Coke and Pepsi, they can be very costly because they have to be exported from Thailand.
Fortunately, there are many local copies of sodas in Myanmar, such as Star Cola. No vaccines are needed to get to Myanmar. If you have traveled to a wide-spread destination (7 or less nights before entry into Myanmar), you will need a vaccine against it.
It' a good thing to get the shots in order before you go to Myanmar. There' re no western-level clinics in Myanmar. They are very secure in areas where travelers are permitted in Myanmar. This area of Myanmar is restricted to all foreign nationals. In Yangon, Mandalay and Bagan, the web is now widely and inexpensively available, but more infrequently.
Prices are 300 kyat/hour in Yangon and 1,000-3,000 kyat/hour elsewhere. When you don't want your private sphere to be compromised in this way, you don't need to surf in Thailand or wherever you go next. Myanmar's area code is 95. You can arrange your call at the Central Telephone & Telegraph Office on the Ponsodan and Mahabandoola Streets in Yangon.
MPTGSM is provided by the Postal and Telecommunications Government of Myanmar. However, the connection can remain restricted to the city centers, especially Yangon and Mandalay. Myanmar is reported to be quite effective, despite what some banks might tell you.