Myanmar was Earlier known asBurma was formerly known as
The Myanmar Story
Burma has a long and complicated story. It is probable that the Mon began to move to the area around 300 BC, and their first empire, Suwarnabhumi, was formed around the harbour of Thaton around 300 BC. Pyu reached Myanmar in the seventh and eighteenth centuries and built urban empires in Binnaka, Mongamo, Sri Ksetra and Halingyi.
Throughout this time, Myanmar was part of an overseas trading lane from China to India. In 849 the Burmese had established a mighty empire that concentrated on the town of Bagan and replenished the emptiness the Pyu had bequeathed. Anawrahta ('1044 - 77), who successfully united all Myanmar by conquering the Mon town of Thaton in 1057.
Myanmar was once again split after the breakdown of Bagan's authorities. By 1364, the Burmese had settled in the town of Ava, where the Bagan civilization was revitalized and a great era of Burmese lit. However, the empire had no easy to defend boundaries and was overwhelmed by the Shan in 1527.
The survivors of the devastation of Inwa finally founded a new empire in 1531 that focused on Taungoo, headed by Tabinshwehti (reigned 1531-50), which once again united most of Myanmar. By 1753 a beloved Myanmar military commander by the name of Alaungpaya had expelled the Bago troops from the north of Myanmar, and by 1759 he had reconquered Pegu and South Burma while re-gaining manipuride.
Founded his capitol in Rangoon, now known as Yangon. The West had known Myanmar since the discoverers of the West had known. The first known occidental explorer to discover Myanmar and introduce it to the West was Marko Polo.
Burma or Myanmar? Ongoing debates on the name of the country
In spite of its ambiguity abroad, the concept of Myanmar will become established in the confusion of words about the name of the South East Asiatic people. YANGON, Myanmar - It was a subtile but efficient way for the critic to order the violent general s who rule the land in the darkness of the world' s isolation:
Calls the country Burma and not Myanmar. As Myanmar opens up to the outside worlds, loosens up the limitations of the masses and releases more detainees, language and politics are becoming blurred. And, just as the worlds finally agreed to Zimbabwe for Rhodesia and Burkina Faso for the High Volta, Myanmar will probably prevail, despite the empty looks that the floor gets from some strangers.
During his November trip, President Obama abandoned some of Myanmar's strategy to the joy of his family. Almost a year previously, his Foreign Minister Hillary Rodham Clinton shunned both and used mainly "this country", resulting in the banner "Clinton Lauds Change in a Country Now Name.
This name-game for this 54 million South East Asiatic country continues to annoy the state. "One might think this is a small issue, but the use of'Myanmar' is a question of nationwide integrity," Secretary of State Wunna Maung Lwin said last year to US ambassador Joseph Yun, according to the Myanmar Times.
"The proper name of the land shows equity and reciprocal respect." They have been used in the Myanmar dialect for a long time and differ from a commonly used name. Burma is considered more traditional and Myanmar is considered more official or less so. Myanmar, a concept for quick and powerful tribe, was first mentioned in writing on an epigraph in 1102, although the confederation was not standardized until the British invaded the area in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Burma was adopted by the UK's "imperial tongue", allegedly similar to the name Burma given to the land by Portugese merchants. Burma's name, which was the native language of 68% of the Burmese people, was still known in 1948 as "Myanma Naingngan" and in colloquial language as "Bama pyi".
Uncertainty began in 1989 when the governing general leaders proclaimed that the land would be known as the Union of Myanmar. The Myanmar government's campaign claimed that Myanmar was a broader concept, encompassing the country's more than 130 ethnical groups, not just the vast majority in Burma. A further (unspoken) cause for the name shift was the demonization of populist pro-democracy leaders Aung San Suu Kyi, said Sein Win, editor-in-chief at Mizzima, a Burma exiled book recently moved to Myanmar.
However, political opponents, non-governmental organisations and states such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia persisted in using Burma and argued that no electoral legislative has approved the amendment. The Nobel Peace Prize winner Suu Kyi, who has influenced western policy on Myanmar, is continuing to use Burma in the conviction that the Burmese authorities are still a long way from democracy.
"I will always call this land Burma until the Myanmar nation decides what it's called." However, their persistence in using Burma has also led some common Myanmar citizens to do so. The Myanmar administration criticised her predilection for Burma last summers while Suu Kyi was in Europe.
There are those who say the government's right. "Suu Kyi would be better off using Myanmar now that it's a worthwhile part of it." Burma is still a favourite for a convenient one. "It is unpleasant to say'Myanmarese' in English - from a grammatical point of view it is completely wrong," said Thuta Aung, CEO of Yangon's HamsaHub, a company for corporate growth.
"and the only thing that seems right is Burmese. It is Myanmar."