Myanmar was Earlier known asBurma was formerly known as
Myanmar Story (Burma)
It is a low-lying land with historical links to India and Pakistan, but today it has its own distinct aura. Humans have been living in present-day Myanmar since 11,000 BC and had already been domesticating hens and swine in 1500 BC. An ancestor of today's Myanmar tribe did not arrived until around 100 BC, when the Pyu arrived in the area.
At the end of this period, around 100 BC, humans began to deal with China and India, as they had one of the biggest land transport lanes between these humans. They adopted Buddhism from them and in the 300s AD almost the whole inhabitants of the area were Buddhist. In the 800s, when their northerly frontier was endangered by Yunnan tribes (in present-day China), Burmese and Nanzhaos included, they maintained their peace.
Simultaneously, the Mon colonized the southerly part of today's Myanmar of Siam (Thailand). During the 800s, the Burmese tribe went southwards to what is now Bagan (or Pagan). This is where they founded the Bagan Empire. In the 1000' and 1100' the Bagan leaders disseminated Theravada Buddhism and introduced it to the human cultures and mindsets, an important part of today's civilization; in Bagan alone they constructed over 10,000 Buddhist cults.
Throughout this period, the Bagan imperium also gradually grew and integrated the Pyu tribe into the kingdom as the Pyu tongues gradually dying and the Myanmar tongue and practices gradually took over. Around 1100 the kingdom extended to the Malay Peninsula and formed a large part of today's Myanmar.
YYOUR-GuIDE TO Myanmar: In the 1200' the realm began its downfall, since all religion contributions and work were tax-free and almost two third of the country were devoted to Buddhism until 1275. The result was a shattered realm without funds for hiring troops and protecting its frontiers, which finally resulted in the Mongols invading the city in 1277 and quickly conquered the city.
Following the downfall of Bagan, the realm collapsed into many small empires, four of which were large and powerful enough to retain domination for more than a hundred years. In the 1500' the realm grew quickly, partly with the help of the Myanmar tribe in other empires, with Siam taking over the incident.
Finally, this kingdom became one of the greatest in the annals of Southeast Asia. However, this rapid extension was instable and after the deaths of King Bayinnaung in 1581, most of the kingdom fell apart. But in this ruling tide the scale was not the aim, but rather the controll. As a result, the imperium lasted longer as every growing area consolidated.
Most of this growth ended in the later 1600' when they fended off the Siamese attack. For a while, this imperium successfully deterred the power of Europe by concentrating on region. You went to battles with Siam and China, with Siam on a regular basis through the 1800s. Warring with Siam and China ended in stalemate and encouraged the leaders to expand westwards when they invaded British India in the latter 17th and early 18th centuries, occupying a large number of land in the interior of Assam.
In the 1820s, assaults on Britisch-Indien resulted in the Anglo-Burmesischen Krieg with a crucial Britisch vict. In the 1880' the Brits conquered the remainder of Burma due to France's engagement in the eastern region (Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia). Over the course of time, the UK and its closely-knit ally Burma monitored the economic and policy conditions in the state.
As a result, a very definite classification system was established, as most of Burma's peasants were impoverished, while the UK and its Myanmar confederates ruled the area. Buddhism was also divided from Buddhism's rulership, which reduced the impact of Buddhism on the population. One advantage of Britain's reign was that training was extended and many of them were studying in the United Kingdom.
However, this had a counter-reaction, as these cultured individuals searched for greater freedom in Burma and began to protest against the Brits, despite refraining from violence, the Brits occasionally shooting into peaceful protest masses, especially in 1938, when 17 of them were killing. As a result, in the 1930' s the Indian and Burmese settlements were split.
The Burmese nation was deeply split with the onset of World War II as some backed Japan to achieve liberty, others backed Britain and others backed themselves and their own countries. In 1943 the Japanese took over the area, declaring it autonomous, although the Japanese remained there and still controlled it without a strong sense of community.
1945 the Myanmar tribe stood up to the Japan administration and soon after the end of the conflict. In the aftermath of the conflict, Britain regained power over the area, as the peoples agreed on something in order to achieve it. While the talks progressed, Burma's head Aung San was murdered and the liberation movements took a major leap back towards reorganization.
Nevertheless, Burma (now Myanmar) achieved independency in 1948. In 1962 this ended with a commemorative army putsch under the leadership of Ne Win. Initially, the putsch was calm, but after a few too many demonstrations, the army rulers murdered over 100 students in Rangoon, Yangon, and then bombarded the Studentenwerk.
They resigned from the army in 1974 and took over the land as a politician, and in 1974 Ne Win drafted a new president when he became president and proclaimed the right of war. In 1976, the regime was again hit badly when it detained a large number of students. By 1978, the regime was fighting Muslims and led almost a quarter of a million refugees to Bangladesh.
When the new administration opened its door slightly, the economies began to grow. But by 1988 the population had worsened again, leading to further protest in 1988, when the administration murdered tens of thousand more. Accusing enemy commissives of this insurgency, the Chinese authorities accused anti-communists throughout the entire state of fleeing to China because the Chinese regime no longer had commonist ideology, but was merely oppressive to override it.
During 1990, the administration permitted the election, but then declined to have the Representatives' Meeting convened because some of those voted were under home detention. Aung San Suu Kyi, who received the Noble Peace Prize in 1991 and thus exerted growing global influence on the regime, was one of the people under home detention.
That same year, the army relocated the capitol to Naypyidaw without any actual notice. There were renewed demonstrations in 2007 when the Chinese authorities increased the price of natural-gas fivefold as they reduced natural-demand-support measures. It seems that the regime is taking moves towards democratisation, but then, when these changes are put into effect, they change their policy and withdraw their earlier declarations.
Some see these small moves as a good sighs, but since the regime has not taken any real measures, most see these changes as a façade.