Myanmar Unesco World Heritage Sites

Burma Unesco World Heritage

Battle of Bagan: Burma's fight for UNESCO World Heritage became part of the scientific debate and caused powerful responses from archeological masters. Burma has made gradual but steady policy advances in recent years. The first parliamentary elections took place in 2010 and, despite reporting that the choice was enveloped in illicit activities, are a good indicator of what to do in the near term. Such advances have been noted by the world, particularly since President Obama came to Burma in 2012, the year the EU removed certain penalties.

The city is full of historical and culturally rich. It is home to the highest concentration of buddhistic architectural styles in the world, with over three thousand Buddha Schools, convents, Stupa's and memorials in one area. They are a cross-section of Burma's past, present day and future as it is a millenium long building.

But not all of these churches have such a wealth of historic and visible effect. Because of the buddhistic faith that there is a great spiritual value in the construction of churches, Bagan expanded until the construction work was stopped in 2010 to concentrate on the preservation of the present one. Burma's government has built a number of churches and palagodas, one of which is devoted to General Than Shwe.

Scientists, in particular Don Stadtner, have denied the intervention of the army and considered the archeological integrity of Bagan bad. The town councillor is against the designation of Bagan as a UNESCO world cultural heritage site: Many, like Stadtner, are against the motion because they believe that Burma does not merit association with UNESCO because it would be damaging to the organisation's seriousness.

Not only would UNESCO lower its own standard, it would reinforce that the unaccountable manipulation of such holy archeological sites can have an advantage. Stadtner's view is balanced by Naing Win, Bagan's chief archaeologist, who regards the accounts as wrongfully excessive and untrue. As Naing Win says, his staff adhered rigorously to the architectonic shapes and details of the ancient temple.

Therefore, with the sole exemption of ages, there should be no architectonic difference between the primitive and restored Buddhist shrines. Burma is one of the impoverished nations in Asia, despite its wealth of gems, mineral resources and petroleum, a product of years of militarily corrupt practices. Desperately to boost its tourist industry, Bagan's classifications will unavoidably entail external investment.

However, this increase in tourist activity could make the country's nervously fragile business environment vulnerable to commercialisation, and many are worried about Burma's role in this economy. Furthermore, there are fears that an increase in the number of tourists could harm the Buddhist structure itself, especially if Bagan does not have the necessary means or know-how to help a rising number of people.

Before the archeological site can be UNESCO classed, these results, both good and bad, must be taken into account. Since its first bid in 1996, the country's emergency situation regarding the designation of Bagan as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site has persisted and was denied due to bad governance policies and a lack of legislation. UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova visited Bagan in 2012 to debate how the relationship between the organisation and Burma will develop.

From now on, UNESCO specialists will work with Bagan's archaeology staff to improve their preservation and restorative capabilities and provide wall conservator schooling. This timid approach is a good point of departure for creating a sustainable administrative and commercial environment that can help the culture of Bagan.

Auch interessant

Mehr zum Thema