Myanmar total Population 2016Burma total Population 2016
Inhabitants and Census
of the Mekong region was 239. Six million in 2016. Ninety-five Vietnam had the biggest population. UN Population Fund (2016). in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam in 2016. If one considers the mean lifespan in the 2015-2020 predictions, the lower Mekong region is divided into two groups:
Viet Nam (76. 5 years) and Thailand (75 years) are well ahead of Cambodia (70 years), Laos (67. 5) and Myanmar (66. 5 years). In the Mekong region, the longest lifespan is for 81-year-olds, only one year less than in the United States.
In 2015, the lower Mekong had a population of 125 persons/km2 on a regional basis, slightly less than China (146 persons/km2), but significantly less than India (441 persons/km2). However, this averages the high population densities of Vietnam of 296 inhabitants/km2. It has the smallest population densities in the area, with only 29 inhabitants/km2.
With a population densitiy of 133 inhabitants/km2, Thailand is the nearest to the averaging area. UN, Population Division. Perspectives of the world population: Inhabitants by metropolitan area, regions and countries, 1950-2100 (persons per km²). Compiled by ODI, April 2016. Nevertheless, Vietnam's population is concentrated in two areas: the Red River Delta, which includes Greater Hanoi, and the Mekong Delta, which includes Greater Ho Chi Minh City.
In contrast to other parts of ASEAN and with the exceptions of Thailand, it is expected to grow further until 2050. It will raise the level and burden the resource base, contributing to urban-rural migratory flows and increasing the need for effective and sustained developing policies. Until 2006, labour from Cambodia, the Democratic People's Republic of Laos and Myanmar were brought to Thailand, while the Democratic People's Republic of Laos and Cambodia recorded an inflow of highly qualified workers from Vietnam.
A highly qualified workforce from the Yunnan and Guangxi counties of China flocked to neighbouring Laos and Myanmar, with significant Cambodia also experiencing significant China-migrations. In the years ahead, migratory trends will be shaped by educational, professional and, finally, labour mobility in the context of the ASEAN Industrial Community (AEC)11 and differences in the rate of prosperity in the Mekong area.
There is also increasing frequency of intra-country migrations. The Asian Development Bank has found that rural-city immigration is normal in third-world economies (where an aspiring metropolitan layer generates consumption that will attract migrants). The lower Mekong reflects this dynamism with an annual increase in the population of cities of 3.0 per cent in 201514 and a corresponding decrease in the proportion of the population working in agriculture.
By far, Cambodia has the highest population in the countryside (79.2 per cent of the total population in 2015) and Thailand the smallest (49.6 per cent). The other three lower Mekong states have a similar rural/urban division, with Vietnam's population being 66. 4% of the total, Myanmar 65. Burma and Laos are among the most varied nations in the whole wide range of the planet, with a high proportion of tribal groups, which together make up 35-70 people.
The other three lower Mekong states are more homogeneous, but they also have important groups of minority and tribal peoples. These include individuals who come from China's traders - who were particularly important in trade in times of colonisation17 - or from various different ethnical groups in neighbouring nations for similar causes or due to historical changes in borders.
These include important Khmer tribes in South Vietnam and Vietnamese tribes in Cambodia and Laos. In four of the five states Buddhism is the religion of the people, while in Vietnam it was the biggest fraction with 45 years. 17 Theravada Buddhism predominates in all but Vietnam, where Mahayana Buddhism predominates.
All the Mekong Lowlands except Myanmar carry out a population and residential count every ten years. The last formal Myanmar Population Survey was held in 1983 before the 2014 Myanmar Population Survey, which was published in 2015. In June 2014, Laos carried out the most recent population and residential property survey. There are also other specialised national, regional, national, regional and agriculture inventories.