Myanmar Time Journal English VersionBurma Time Journal English Version
Development of the Myanmar Times
Myanmar Times is an important player in Myanmar's audio-visual world. She has helped the Myanmar development and has produced many qualified and seasoned reporters, writers and people. Today, many of them work throughout the entire regional press sector as executive writers, PR executives and leading reporters.
Myanmar Times has given Myanmar's audio-visual scene seriousness and ingenuity. That is how the Myanmar Times has developed over the last 15 years. In almost 50 years of isolating Myanmar's audio-visual scene was unparalleled in contexts and tendencies. Prior to the 1962 Myanmar Army Putsch, the Myanmar audio-visual industry was highly developed, there were high caliber papers and magazines, and free access to the world' s major newsrooms.
But after the war, the newspapers were facing great challenge. They were persecuted under army rule. Renowned reporters, writers and publishing houses have been arrested and endangered by the state. During the first and second decade, the mass press and mass media struggled with the intergovernmental review committee, which reviewed all the messages and mass media. 2.
Myanmar's only papers were five state papers, a few journals, and overall there was inferior journalists in Myanmar. There was a shift in the latter part of the 1990' with the advent of daily sports journals. Burma is a football-loving country and the popularity of the 1994 and 1998 World Cups and the Myanmar side's involvement in the 1993 and 1995 SEA matches led to the formal adoption of other publications.
We have had a dozen sports magazines around 1998 and 1999. First Eleven was one of the foremost sports magazines at the period, later becoming a huge publisher that launched Eleven Weekly Journals in the early 2000s and now publishes Eleven Daily Newspaper. The Myanmar Times appeared as a daily newspaper in 2000.
It is the first private paper that deals with issues beyond sport. Myanmar Times was not just one of a kind for its global focus and philosophy, but also for its owners. Established by Ross Dunkley, an Australian, and Sonny Swe (Myat Swe), it was the only Myanmar paper to make investments abroad at the age.
This paper is privatly held by Myanmar Consolidated Media Co. MCM, 51% of which is held by local companies and 49% by international companies. Because of the government's emphasis on sport, the magazine was permitted to be published by the state. Myanmar Times, which was not only the first private paper, but was also partly overseas and concentrated on newscasts ( "the very area where the administration wanted complete control"), would be a puzzle if one did not know the history behind it.
At the time when the Myanmar Times was first made public, the MI section was very powerful because of its authorization to even examine general. Myanmar Times is available in both English and Myanmar. Its 40-page English release was first launched on Monday, and over a year later the 68-page English release took the country's markets by storm. 60-page English was the first English release to be made.
Myanmar Times presented its English edition to the general population. The 40-page English language edition was initially released on Monday. A year later, the 68-page Myanmar was released. The Myanmar Times had incredible media liberty at the times because it was the only paper that did not have to attend the conference.
The Myanmar Times, under the auspices of the Military Intelligence Service (MI), has bypassed the periodic review by the MR Board, which reports to the MI Bureau of Competition within the Department of the Interior. Myanmar Times quickly appealed to those who were looking for new options. Both issues quickly became dominating and predominant in Myanmar and a yardstick for the media.
In the 2000s, the Myanmar Times took the helm of the press with the benefit of being the first ever personal press, followed by other weeklies such as 7 Days News and The Voice in a few years. The Myanmar Times had the benefit of circumventing the Press Scrutiny Board even as its new rivals increased, with approvals for exclusivity and more liberty in terms of news and photograph.
Co-founded by Ross Dunkley and Sonny Swe, the Myanmar Times had Dunkley's experience, inspiration and insight, the authoritativeness and clout of Swe's Side, and the combination of finance that makes for a good publisher. During these early years, the Myanmar Times was often seen as an organisation with good remuneration and good employee welfare practices.
Myanmar Times chose passionate young readers and educated them well as reporters and writers. Although there were a number of magazines on the open air after a few years, the Myanmar Times was still the leading and most distinctive with more global reach and feature set.
Myanmar Times was recorded with the Office of Strategic Studies, formerly owned by Khin Nyunt. Swe's sire, Brigadier General Thein Swe, was also apprehended and Swe, 36, was one of the first journalists to be apprehended after General Khin Nyunt was removed from office in September.
He was sentenced to 14 years in prison in April 2005 for editing the paper without the permission of the press committee of the Ministry of Information. This indictment was brought retrospectively after the military intelligence service was proclaimed an illicit organisation, which in turn means that the Myanmar Times had published non-censored footage since its inception.
Swe's detention and conviction were widely regarded as politically related to his father's leading role in Army Intelligence, a governmental agency that was cleansed after a 2004 conflict within the armed forces. This was a major turning point for the Myanmar Times, as it was favoured by both the media and the population.
Myanmar Times was founded by Dunkley and Swe's with the ambition of becoming a newsmagazine. His co-workers had more editing autonomy than other papers that had to go through the review committee. The Myanmar Times seemed to be the most serious published work for the Myanmar Times, with the opposition of being completely under its control.
After Sonny Swe's capture, his interest in the Myanmar Times was sold to his spouse Yamin Htin Aung, who held the shares with another shareholder, Pyone Maung Maung, for almost a year. This turn of events, which were cleaned up by the administration, started the struggle for the country's premier semi-independent newpaper.
Ross, as co-owner and editor-in-chief of the magazine, tried to see the information secretary, General Kyaw Hsan, to solve the problem between the administration and the newspaper's foreign readers. Kyaw Hsan urged Ya Min Htin Aung, the company's majority stockholder, to divest the family's stock to another Mexican owned publisher, Dr. Tin Tun Oo, whose firm, Thuta Swe Sone, is the publisher of four other magazines.
Tin Tun Oo is the Myanmar Writers and Journalists' Association and is known for being closely associated with several Myanmar secretaries, among them the Information and Communications Doctors. In those days, the owners took more than 350,000 copies of the magazine per weekly. Myanmar Times was like a clever PR for more advanced members of the administration in comparison to the government's formal newspapers with traditionally propagated content.
Myanmar Burmese Secretary of State Nyan Win said to the Yangon diplomats: "The Myanmar Times was important to create a more differentiated international perspective on the state. In addition, the GOA has interfered in the conflict. Writing to the Myanmar authorities, the Secretary of State called on them not to enforce the selling of the controlling stake in the stock and to allow the firm to find viable business lenders with whom they felt well.
The Myanmar Times was said to have been launched by General Khin Nyunt as part of his effort to get the Myanmar Times involved in the global movement and to show the rest of the rest of the world that Myanmar is evolving and being seen as semi-independent without the press scrutiny board's censure. However, after the new owner took over, all contents in the publication were censored.
During the second half of the 1990s, the Myanmar Times marched on with more education for aspiring reporters, collaboration with major global organisations and, despite being censored, succeeded in maintaining a qualitative view in presenting its messages and contents to the reader. The Myanmar Times, with many policy events during this period, was one of the most audacious papers to provide information they needed to know.
During 2010, the recently reelected administration announces a country reforms and in August 2012 dispensed with the pre-release of the censor. Up until then, all Myanmar press, the Myanmar Times, had been severely censured by the Press Scrutiny and Registration Division of the Ministry of Information, generally known as the Press Scrutiny Board.
Dunkley said that an estimated 20 per cent of the items filed with the committee were denied and the blanks covered by the report were softened. The Myanmar Times was excluded from publication for a whole weeks in January 2008. This prohibition was issued by the Press Scrutiny Boards after the newspaper's editorial staff issued a report on January 11 about the cost of satellites, even though they were cautioned.
Afterwards, the prohibition was denounced by Reporter ohne Grenzen and the Myanmar Music Association. The following weeks English issue, Dunkley argued that the story was "good journalism" and denies that he was asked to dismiss four journalists. The Myanmar Times, the only book with 49% international owned and polished practice, became an uneven one in Myanmar's censoriousness.
And the Myanmar Times was exactly the kind of paper that, right from the start, had a view to producing a newspaper on a day-to-day basis, as well as a paper that would maintain global tendencies and norms, such as articles that were not previously endorsed by the state.
After Dunkley's arrests on 13 February 2011, Dr Tin Tun Oo of Swesone Media and Bill Clough of Far Eastern Consolidated Media (FECM) were named editors-in-chief of the Myanmar and UK issues. Sonny Swe was discharged from Taunggyi prison in Shan State as part of a goverment pardon during which 93 detainees were freed on 23 April 2013 after more than eight years of imprisonment.
After his former Myanmar Times counterpart was released, Dunkley asked Dr Tin Tun Oo, who purchased U Myat Swe stock at a discounted rate when he had to resell it in 2005, to give it back to the company's cofounder. The Myanmar Times reached its goal on 9 March this year with the publication of an English newspaper.
The Myanmar Times has seen many changes and played an important part in the Myanmar press community during this 15-year trip. But, since the Myanmar edition is still a Wednesday -to-Wednesday edition, the final goal of becoming a Myanmar paper has not yet come true.