Myanmar states and Regions MapBurma States and Regions Map
Myanmar interactive map
Clicable map examines the overlapping of minorities and economical infrastructural developments in Myanmar (Burma) from September 2011. With 7% of Myanmar's entire populace, the Karen (also Kayan) are the second biggest ethnical group. During the Second World War, the Karen side with the British in the hope of getting their own nations after gaining British sovereignty.
A large Karen displaced populace is living in Thai-Myanmar camp sites as a consequence of the continuing conflict and racial clash. The Karen municipalities live in areas that will be affected by several hydroelectric power embankments for exports to Thailand. With 9% of the country's overall populace, the Shan are Myanmar's biggest ethnical group.
They have their own script, their own languages and cultures from a long tradition of Thai and Myanmar Empire. It is also related to other Tai Ethnicities throughout Southeast Asia. Population pressures could be affected by the creation of dams at Ibrawaddy and Salween and the building of the Sino-Burma project to supply crude from Kyaukphyu harbour to Yunnan and Guangxi in China.
Jingpo (also known as Kachin ) are the most important ethnical group in the Kachin megagroup. They are often referred to as "Kachin", although from a technical point of view the word "Kachin" also covers other people. There are 3 related ethnical groups, the Mizo, Kuki and Chin, which are connected by their cultures, customs and heredity.
These three are often grouped under the generic name" Chin", although the members of the mega-group who live outside Chin State (Myanmar) and Mizoram (India) call themselves Kuki. Initially refused a state, the Chinese eventually succeeded in securing state identity in 1974. Rakhine's ethnical group is the predominant one along the coast of the state of Rakhine in the west of Myanmar, although the Rakhine are also found in parts of Bangladesh.
Rakhine Nationalities Development Party won 44 places in the 2010 parliamentary elections and 35th place. Rakhine's main town, Sittwe, is also home to a harbour that is being built by India. To the south of Sittwe lies Kyaukphyu, another insular harbour in the state of Rakhine, which China is developing as the west end point of the Sino-Burma pipelines to transport crude and natural gas from Africa to Yunnan and Guangxi.
Kayah (also Karenni, Red Karen) are a part of the Karen people with their own concurrent histories and tradition. The Kayah stood with the Karen on the side of the British against the forces of the Axes in World War II and first of all against the Myanmar war. The plan to build two large embankments on the Kayah territories of the Kayah system could expand the complex relation between Naypyidaw and Naypyidaw by another policy and safety-democrat.
Pa-O are the second biggest ethnical group in Shan State and number about 600,000 people. They are thought to be a Tibetan-Burmese race, but their languages are related to the Karen. Pa-O are living in areas that could be affected by hydroelectric power plants on the Salween River. They are probably one of the oldest Myanmar ethnical groups and are said to have brought Buddhism to the area.
While many Mon peoples have largely adapted to Burma and Thai culture, they are working more and more to maintain important Korean culture and gain a degree of Myanmar independence. Lisu are a subgroup of Kachin, who live in the frontier regions of the north of Myanmar. Important population groups populate the province of Yunnan, China, Thailand and even parts of Arunachal Pradesh, India.
The Tibetan-Burmese community is thought to have their origins in Tibet. The impact of hydroelectric power plants on the Salween/Nu River poses a potential threat to the municipalities of Lisbon, especially in the north. Lahu is thought to number more than 700,000 and is focused on southern Yunnan and the Golden Triangle, but small municipalities can also be found in the northeast of Vietnam.
Several Lahu municipalities are located in areas that may be susceptible to the effects of the Salween hydroelectricity. In Yunnan province, about 90% of the Nu population lives in municipalities near the Myanmar-Boarder. The Tibetan Buddhist community of Tibeto-Burman is their own native tongue and many follow Tibetan Buddhism, although animistic tradition has persisted and a small majority has moved to Christianity.
Nuen municipalities are living in an area with intensive hydroelectric power along the Salween upstream stream and are sharing the name of the stream - Nu Jiang. Paluang are an ethnical majority, mainly in Myanmar's Shan state, but also in Yunnan province, China and the north of Thailand.
As foreseen, the Sino-Burma gas-pipeline project will run along one of the highest concentration of Palaung towns. Drung, one of the smallest ethnical minorities in the area, is found in the Chinese province of Yunnan near the Myanmar frontier. It also inhabits the hills above the Nu Jiang (Salween River), which probably exposes it to the challenge of man and the environment in relation to the evolution of hydroelectric power on the canal.
We ( "Va" as well) mainly reside in an unrecognised, self-governing state in eastern Myanmar. Developing the upper Thanlwin Reservoir on the Salween River could be another major threat to achieving this.