Myanmar States and Division
Burma is made up of 14 counties; or 7 states that represent the territories of 7 major ethnical groups and 7 divisional groups. Each of the 7 states is more or less hilly, while the divisional areas, with the exceptions of Sagaing, Bago and Thaninthayi, are predominantly flat. From the Kachin State Highlands, the Ayeyarwaddy Riviera, the principal artery of the land, runs almost 2000 km and eventually ends in the Andaman Lake in the shape of many creeks in the Ayeyarwaddy Divison.
It is navigable by large double-decker vessels as far as Bhamaw in the south Kachin state. The Chindwin river gathers its main water in the Sagaing Divison north and joins the Ayeyarwaddy flow between Mandalay and Bagan. These biplanes are sailing as far as Maw Leik; beyond that, only the smaller motorboats would use.
The large vessels are only allowed to sail to Kale Wa during the arid period (February to May). Due to heavy current and rapid flow, the Sitting is not passable for passengers. A number of stretches of the stream and its affluents are used for the transport of sawn timber. It flows into the Gulf of Moattama, the northerly part of the Andamanensee.
The Thanlyin ( "Salaween") rivulet, which begins in China, crosses Shan State, Kayah State, Kayin State, Mon State and eventually flows into the Gulf of Moattama at Mawlamyaing. This is the Thai-Myanmar Kayin state frontier. Large ships can sail to Shwe Gun during floods (June to November).
North of the island are torrents and powerful mountain streams. and Myanmar's Shan State.
The United States Institute of Peace
Myanmar is making headway towards achieving peacemaking and policy reforms, although the trial is delicate and there is uncertainty about how it will be made. Since 2012, the U.S. Institute of peace has been working to make international organizations more integrative and responsible, providing technological support for all aspects of the peacemaking processes, and working with community-based religions to reduce inter-community and inter-religious tension and force.
The Burmese authorities last weekend reversed their policies by signing a MOU with the United Nations to help repatriate Rohingya migrants to Burma. It is an unanticipated move that follows on from the dynamic created last months by the inclusion of a United Nations Security Council (UNSC) mission and the UN's invitation to support the return of the Rohingya and the reconstruction of the state of Rakhine.
Burma (also known as Myanmar) has begun a crucial process of transforming itself into a democratic state. However, various provincial and provincial pressures are threatening the already weak transitions; the Rohingya crises, continuing conflicts between ethnically armoured organisations and the Kachin and Shan militaries, differences of opinion between the army and the electoral civil administration, inter-community and worship divisions and fragile safety infrastructures are threatening the country's sovereignty.
In the aftermath of the August 2017 Rohingya military attack, the repression by the Myanmar authorities has triggered a human rights war. Over six hundred thousand Rohingya have escaped to Bangladesh, where they face an unknown inroads.