Myanmar siteLocation Myanmar
Win Maung suspected an archeological significance and found that the deluge-like rains of monsoons had already uncovered more bones. At the beginning of 1998, a state excavation was carried out at the grave, which became known as Nyaung-gan. Nyaung-gan was considered archeologically and politically significant when artefacts of bronzes were found.
Later that year, the detection of weapons made of bronce would lead the Burmese government to state that Myanmar was "the country that witnessed the whole evolutionary phase of mankind's history". However, despite all the trumpet, Nyaung-gan's work would come to a standstill within a few years, as the police who brought her to the fore soon eclipsed her.
Nyaung-gan to Nyaung-gan extends to the skyline, bordered by a row of trees: the spiny tree trunk (Acacia leucophloea), whose yellow twigs rise messy into the skies, and the fast-growing Azadirachta indica, with thick tops like shelters. It' s an old town that has had an important part in the nation's past, and there are many old places in the area.
Nyaung-gan Bronzes Period graveyard in Budalin, about 60 min northern of Monywa, is the oldest of them. An abundance of bronzes, pottery and artefacts of stones were found here, dating from 1,500 BC to 500 BC. For most Myanmar, Budalin is known for a celebrity friar, Sayadaw Sub Messenger, and as the home town of the well-known left-wing author, reporter and political figure Thein Pe Myint, who passed away in Yangon in 1978 at the age of 63.
Few but archeologists and historicists know the antique gems of the townships for civic politics, although 18 Bronze Age Nyaung-gan instruments - lances, points, axets and a halberd - are on display in the National Museum in Yangon. To the graveyard, near the small town of Oakaie, there is a small street that is not passable in the wet seasons.
There are five archaeological digs with many frames and pottery that have been preserved in small steel-framed coffin-like cases. The building encloses each of the five locations to prevent them from being exposed to the weather. In 1998 U Aung Khine was part of the pre-digging in Nyaung-gan and has been the custodian of the site ever since.
He said that for many years the frames, pans, tools and other artefacts were dispersed and sheltered. It' not known what was taken from the side before it was better secured. More than 150 artefacts were discovered during the excavations. In addition to skeleton fragments, pottery and bronce equipment, these were burnished stones and pearls found in a 64 metre long graveyard 91 m high.
Among the finds are the artefacts in the National Museum. One of Khin Nyunt's assistants listened to the excavation and came to the site, taking a series of artefacts with him to show the general. Founded in 1994 by the Ministry of Defense, the Office of Strategic Studies, a military news service, undertook the excavation in cooperation with the Ministry of Defense, Cultural Affairs and Ed.
Investigations were heralded by the regime with great ardor, but interest in the site practically vanished after the tragic arrests of Khin Nyunt and the ensuing cleanup of Soviet intelligence in 2004. After the cleansing, Nyaung-gan inhabitants explained to Frontier that nobody ventured to go near the graveyard for the sake of war.
Why were the colonels so interested in a Bronze Age graveyard? Until the end of February a crew was assembled to find further proofs; a large number of old finds were discovered during later surveys and international archeologists were asked to help with the interpretation of the finds. It was proposed that the primacy still indicates that humanity has its origin in Myanmar, an assertion that the army apparently thought would enhance the country's international standing.
Gustaaf Houtman, a scientist in Mental Cultur in Burmese Crisis Politics, noted that the propagandist argued that the fossil records "the existance of Myanmar's civilization since primeval times". This had two goals: to strengthen the nation's reputation and change the countrys standing at a period of global conviction and to establish the legality of the contemporary, military-led state - at a period when its legality was challenged both at home and abroad - by proving that the geographic area that encompasses contemporary Myanmar has been uninterruptedly populated since the ancients.
Houtman noted that these objectives, which he described as "Myanmaification of Burma" because they prioritized the Burmese people, were regarded as "so important that the more significant archeological finds required no less than the Ministry of Defense's secret service". "As the state press quotes him, "A country that can deliver historic proof of its old origins and the development and expansion of its cultures, customs and local features is a country in which the passion and nationalism of its people flourish.
Nyaung-gan archaeological sites had exactly the same policy function. That was emphasized two inches after Khin Nyunt's June 1 address when a common workshop was organized between the Pondaung Fossils Crew and the Crew that excavated the Nyaung-gan Graveyard. Before Nyaung-gan there was no endorsement of Bronze Age Myanmar civilization, so the graveyard was the" Missing Link".
A British man, Mr. TO Morris, in 1938 in the Journal of the Burma Research Society noted that in Burma Celtic and Bronzes objects were "extremely rare", especially compared to Stone Age artifacts. The Burmese antiques of Burmese antiquity in the Burmese newspaper "Copper and Bronzes " stated that he could only find 14 Burmese antiques of Burmese origins, most of which were found in Shan State.
In fact, during the 1962-1988 period of socialism, some state-sponsored literature even suggested that Burma had no native Copper or Bronzes there. "As these were found on surfaces, the scientists were faced with the issue of whether to import the bronzes," Daw Ni Ni Myint, former head of the University's Historical Research Center, in her monography "Report on recent archeological finds in Budalin Township, Sagaing Division", in the Myanmar Historical Research Journal, Number (3), December 1998.
Nay Pyi Taw, Than Htike, M., Director of the Department of Archeology, National Museum and Library, said that the proposal that there were no Copper or Bronze Age civilizations led many archeologists and geographers to look for proof to the contrary. However, this was not the case. "A lot of Myanmar academics went to India[during the Nazi era] to intensify their studies of historical and archeological studies, and when they came back, they began to explore these archeological sites," he said.
On the other hand, some artifact artefact dated using different types of carbons was carried out in the early 1960', but was kept to a minimum due to its costs. Following years of abandonment, the excavation near Nyaung-gan was restarted in January 2014 in cooperation with the Archéologique Française au Myanmar project, the professional archeological missions of France in Myanmar. This year, the crew dug up old cemeteries and settlements near the town of Oakaie, about 2 km southwards of Nyaung-gan.
Three new ditches were opened in Nyaung-gan in 2016, providing seven funerals. Oakaie graveyard was "significantly less buried" than Nyaung-gan, with ceramics being the most frequently found artefact, scientists reported in a 2015 paper, "Dating the Myanmar Bronze Age": Provisional 14C dated from the Oakaie 1 graveyard at Nyaung'gan", released in the Journal of Indo-Pacific Archaeology.
The archaeological findings revealed - in opposition to the Nyaung-gan archaeological site - five femur, which could be examined for their estimated time. The ceramic burial objects also indicate an early first millenium BC for the Bronze Ages in Myanmar. Archaeology, National Museum and Library Department in Nay Pyi Taw said the cooperation would take five years.
In February, the France crew will be returning to the site. MFAM Executive Dr. Thomas Olivier Pryce gave a lecture at the Institute in February last year on the importance of the Nyaung-gan for prehistoric research in Myanmar and the area. "Southeast Asian Bronze Age colonies are very seldom.
The Myanmar Times quotes Pryce as saying, "It seems that the settlements in the town of Oakaie are very large. He said the findings in Nyaung-gan should be a fountain of proud for the Myanmar population because they provide precious information about the ancestral way of being.
Htike hopes that further excavation and research will provide important insights, among other things that Nyaung-gan is one of the largest and oldest Bronze Age places in the canyon. Yangon National Musuem vice-director Daw Khin Cho Cho Cho Han said the importance of Nyaung-gan means it deserves more publicity in the Musuem.
"I' d like the National Museum to enhance and extend the exhibitions of Nyaung-gan and other Bronze Age sites," she said.