Myanmar siteLocation Myanmar
In spite of these advantages, wetland areas are under tremendous stress. According to the CBD, 40% of the 1,000 wetland sites surveyed worldwide were destroyed between 1970 and 2008. The research also shows a 76% decrease of fresh waters in wetland between 1980 and 2010. Myanmar's marshlands are also under threat from non-sustainable abstraction of groundwater, farming interventions, over-fishing, and invasive endangered biodiversity, which limit their ability to sustain people.
In 2005, Myanmar signed the Ramsar Declaration to better conserve its marshlands. The Ramsar Conventions, founded in 1971, the oldest worldwide environment accord, is an internationally recognized accord for the preservation and "meaningful" (i.e. sustainable) use of marshlands. By means of the conventions and according to a series of criterions, the Länder have identified wetland areas of "international importance", refer to them as Ramsar areas and undertake, together with the municipalities dependent on them, to manage them and use them sustainably.
Worldwide, 2,265 wetland areas were selected as Ramsar Areas. Three Myanmar locations have already been identified as Ramsar locations: The Moeyungyi Wildlife Sanctuary in der Bago Region, das Indawgyi Wildlife Sanctuary im Kachin State und das Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary im Ayeyarwady Delta. May 8, 2017, the north of the Gulf of Mottama was declared the 4th Ramsar area of Myanmar.
This 45,000 hectare property lies at the confluence of the Sittaung River and extends along the east bank of the confluence into the townships of Kyaitho and Bilin in the state of Mon. This fulfills six of the nine Ramsar criterions, a relatively high number. Mottoma Gulf is one of the most vibrant mudflats in the whole wide open space of the Wadden Sea.
Made from sediments and three large river feeds, the high productivity Golf feeds numerous invertebrate animals that feed up to 150,000 migrating species in the non-breeding year. It is one of the world's most important hibernation areas for the endangered Baton Stint and probably hosts more than half of the rest of the world's people during winter.
It also helps support the livelihood of ten thousand of those who earn their livelihood from fisheries. The Gulf of Mottama is hurting. Ramsar has been named after detailed consultation with municipalities and the Mon state administration and the Ministry of Forestry, the Ramsar junction.
Community coastline managment in the Gulf of Mottama of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation supports this proces. This Ramsar area is particularly important because it is the first in Myanmar to be outside a statutorily established area. So it is an important landmark for Myanmar many other globally important wetland areas that deserve Ramsar worth.
To celebrate the 4th Ramsar location in Myanmar, a kick-off meeting will be organised in Mon State in May. Nominations for the expansion of the Ramsar site to the Thaton, Paung and Chaungzon counties are in preparation.